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In 1680 THOMAS PHILPOT, Esq., gave several tenements in Eltham parish for the purpose of building there an alms-house and for the maintenance therein of six poor people, four to be chosen out of Eltham
and two out of Chislehurst.
JOHN RANDS, who died in 1714, left by his will 67. a year for ever, and two houses and land to be given to the poor of this parish by Mrs. Mary Farrington,-in whose service he lived, his executrix and feoffee, and by the minister and charchwardens, on the first Sunday in November. These several bequests are inscribed on a tablet in the church, to which is added a memorandum, that all the wills relating to them are enrolled in the prerogative office.
In the 33rd year of the reign of king George II. (1760) an act of parliament was passed for vesting several lands and tenements in the parish of Chislehurst, given to charitable uses for the benefit of the said parish, in the Rt. Hon. Robert Bertie commonly called Lord Robert Bertie and his heirs, and for making provision of greater value instead thereof, for the benefit of the poor of the said parish; and for other purposes therein mentioned.
To be continued.
BROMLEY COMMON CHURCH. This church which stands by the road side, on land that a few years ago was a common, but is such now only by name, was, on Tuesday the 10th, filled with gay company to witness the marriage ceremony of Sibella Charlotte, eldest daughter of G, W. Norman, Esq., with Henry Bonham-Carter, Esq., of Keston. The morning was all a bride could wish for, which brought out the villagers both old and young, in holiday attire, to present bouquets and blessings to the happy couple, as they passed in and returned from church. It will be some time before the cottagers will become reconciled to the loss of a constant visitor and friend, such as they found in Miss Norman. Feasting and fun were kept up at the paternal mansion for several successive evenings, to which the neighbours and tradesmen
were invited. A new organ, placed in this church was used for the first time on this occasion, when Mr Griffiths, who is appointed organist, played Gluck's March in Alceste, and Mendelssohn's Wedding March. The only drawback with reference to this little fortunately placed, and the power is thereby organ of Gray and Davison's, is, that it is ungreatly diminished. This is the more to be regretted as the instrument appears to be as much too small as the one at Hayes is too large for the respective churches. Howremedied by the addition of a side gallery, ever, we believe that this defect will soon be and a few more stops in the organ. We quite
expect that Mr Griffiths will not rest satisfied till his choir is perfect, and second to no other in the neighbourhood.
BANK IN BROMLEY. We are informed
that a Branch of the London and County An establishment of this kind has long been Bank, will shortly be opened in Bromley. wanted, and cannot fail to prove a great desideratum to the neighbourhood.
GAS LIGHTING. We are informed that arrangements have been made by the owner of the Bickley Estate, with the Gas Company, for carrying their Mains through the Park to good opportunity for parties resident in the top of Chislehurst hill. This will be a Chislehurst, desirous of having gas, to apply to the Company to extend their operations through their district, and which, no doubt they will do, providing a sufficient number of lights are required.
MID KENT RAILWAY. A Wharncliffe meet
ing of this company was held at the Southseahouse, on Tuesday the 10th, Mr W. Dent in the chair. The heads of a Bill having been read by Mr Bell, the solicitor, for a lease of the undertaking of the Mid-Kent Railway (Bromley to St. Mary Cray) Company to the London, Chatham and Dover Railway Company: the Chairman explained that the object of the Bill was to enable the Cray Company to lease their line to the L. C. and D. Company for 999 years at a rent equivalent to 4 per cent. per annum on the share capital of £61,550, and the interest, whatever it might be, on the debenture debt of £23,000, which, together, formed the capital of the company. The lease would commence from the 1st of September, 1863. The Bill also provided for the sale of the undertaking to the London, Chatham, and Dover Company, and for the dissolution of the Company. A formal resolution approving the Bill was carried unanimously, and a vote of thanks to the chairman terminated the proceedings.
The Railways are now open from St. Mary Cray to Sevenoaks; also from Beckenham to Norwood Junction. The Time Tables for which will be found in our last page.
BROMLEY RIFLE CORPS. It is with much satisfaction, we learn that the Fête, for the benefit of the Band Fund, as referred to in our last, will most probably take place the first week in August next. The arrangements are, as yet, very incomplete, but we can confidently say that no pains or exertion will be wanting on the part of the managers, to render it as popular an entertainment as was ever given in Bromley. We trust that the surrounding gentry and public will aid the scheme and place the Band upon a permanent footing.
eight anniversary of court Robin Hood, No. 2,629, will be held on Tuesday, 22nd July, at the Crown and Anchor, New Bromley, with a dinner and ball. A procession will be formed, headed by the rifle band, at four o'clock to parade the town. CRICKET.
The return match with Hayes was played on the Bromley Cricket Ground on the 10th. There was some excellent play on both sides, but the scores, owing to the superior bowling, was unusually low, and we may add an observation containing some truth, we heard on the ground, namely, that the Bromley players would have got more runs, but for their ponents stopping the ball so cleverly. The result was, Bromley was again defeated. Score-Bromley in their 1st innings scored 35 runs: Hayes 33. 2nd innings, Bromley 32; Hayes 41.
The annual match between the West Kent Gentlemen and the Chislehurst Tradesmen's Club, was played on Monday the 9th, and was decided in favour of the West Kent in the first innings, by 17 runs. The Chislehurst went in for 108 to win, and obtained 56 for the loss of 4 wickets. Willis and Crowhurst both in, the former with 22 and the latter 15, when time was called; otherwise it would most likely have been a very close game.
A very pleasant evening was spent at this place on Monday 10th ult. Mr and Mrs Moore, of Furzefield house, invited upwards of a hundred children from the village of Prickhend, to The village juvenile band played lively tunes, a plentiful tea, with cake and preserved fruits. dance and song following, kiss in the ring with other rural sports. At nine o'clock, the children cheers for Mr and Mrs Moore. About twentysang the National Anthem, and gave nine five of the young folks adjourned to the servants' hall where the dance was kept up till midnight.
THE ANNUAL FEAST of the Down Benefit Society was held on Whit-Tuesday, the 17th, at the " George Inn." The members with their band, attended divine service at the church in the morning, when an appropriate sermon was preached by the Rev. T. S. Stevens. After partaking of an excellent dinner provided by Mr Duck (the landlord), the chairman, Mr Snow, read the financial statement, by which it appeared, the society (which numbers about 60) was in a flourishing condition, insomuch that, after meeting the current expenses, they had a balance in hand of between £600 and £700. The chair
A match between Bromley and the students of Bartholomew's Hospital came off on the Bromley ground on the 17th Bromley came off second best, or "beaten 'shamefully," and even that would be a mild term to apply to the whacking they got. "They'll never hold up their heads again after this,' ""Bromley lost again," "Beaten again," &c., &c.,
were common observations in the field.
Bromley v. Westerham. A match was played on the Bromley ground on the 23rd, between the above clubs, in which the Bromley players regained their laurels, and altho' some of their best men were unfortunate they won the match in the 1st innings.
A match between eleven of the Bromley and eleven of the Meopham clubs, played on the 30th. Meopham first innings scored 102 runs, Bromley 62. Meopham second innings 22, Bromley second innings 63, thus winning by 1 run with three wickets to spare.
The Bromley v. Beckenham youths played their return match on the 11th. The Bromley were again victorious. Score: Beckenham first innings 31, second ditto, 32, total 63 runs. Bromley in their first innings scored 72 runs, thus beating their opponents by 9 runs, and 10 wickets to spare.
man then gave the health of C. Darwin, Esq.,
given by Sir J. W. Lubbock, Bart., again this year,
provide tea, coffee, and buns. The children are expected to bring a mug each. A band will be in attendance, and Sir John hopes as many of his friends and neighbours will honour him with their company on this occasion as can do so conveniently.
ST. MARY CRAY.
PAPER MILLS The extensive paper mills at this place have lately been very much enlarged, in order to meet the increasing demand for first class paper, of the kinds made by Messrs. Joynson, the proprietors. A great quantity of expensive machinery for drying, pressing, &c., is being placed in the newly erected building, and a boiler of enormous dimensions arrived from Messrs. Horton, Son, and Kindrick, on Tuesday the 12th. It was brought from the manufactory by steam power, and great was the sensation produced as it passed through the quiet villages to St. Mary Cray. The tidings of its coming travelled much faster than the boiler itself, which was 18 hours on the road, and the people in the line of route left their work to go to meet it, so that by the time it reached St. Mary Cray a great concourse had collected The Lilliputians were not more wonder-struck at sight of Mr Gulliver's telescope than were the rustics of these rural districts in seeing this gigantic tube of iron, weighing 21 tons, moving along without any horses. Some considerable difficulty in consequence of the great length of the boiler, occurred in turning the sharp corners here and there on the road, which was soon overcome by using leverage to lift the end of the boiler and carriage sufficiently to allow it to pass. Want of water, where there was none to be got, was likely at some part of the journey to impede their progress, but they managed to get to a farm house by the road side and obtain sufficient to help them on to where a stream run close by the road, from which they took a good supply and travelled on, arriving at St. Mary Cray about 4 o'clock.
TREAT TO RIFLEMEN AND WORKPEOPLE. On Wednesday the 18th, Mr Joynson, Jun., gave a substantial treat to the Rifle corps of this district, and also to the public at large. At about seven o'clock in the evening the Bromley Rifle Corps Band played through the village and up to Mr Joynson's pleasant residence, where a plentiful repast was provided for them. The gardens and grounds of Mr Joynson, were thrown open to the public, and as might have been expected, were thronged with delighted people, who were also invited indiscriminately to partake of the substantial fare and goodly cheer. The band performed a "concord of sweet sounds" in the garden, and the lovers of Terpsichore lightly footed it over the lawn, while the more meditative roamed amid the bowers in silent joy. Songs and music, and social merriment, held the guests captive until a late hour, when all retired, having spent a happy and agreeable evening, with the conviction that he is the most respected and best served master, who acts on the principle that servants have heads and hearts as well as hands.
THE VALLEY OF CRAY CHURCH CHORAL UNION. We are glad to announce the formation and practical working of this Choral Union, for the improvement of choirs and the music in the respective churches which are united. By the zealous exertions of the Rev. G. L. Langdon, of St. Paul's Cray, five parishes are at present under training by Mr Griffiths, choir-master and organist of the association, and the different classes shew great attention to his instructions. At present about 130 members are receiving a course of training to fit them for the choirs of the churches.
BIOLOGY. Mr Sheldon Chadwick has re-ing; cently given a series of demonstrations of the bios logos in this village to large attendances. Several of the youths from the audience were put into a state of coma and made to move to music, grave or gay," enacting various scenes suggested by the operator who seemed to have them perfectly at his command. Many of the experiments were highly provocative of risibility, and the fun grew fast and furious." We venture to give no opinion of is science, our duty as journalists is simply to record the fact, but, if it be true, it is desirable that so important a science should be taken out of the hands of quacks and charlatans. and be made useful in some remedial way to the human race.
NATURAL PHENOMENA OF JULY. JULY is the hottest month of the year. The direct influence of the sun, indeed, is diminishbut the earth and air have been so thoroughly heated, that the warmth which they retain, more than compensates for the gradual diminution of the solar rays. The effects of this weather upon the face of nature, soon beAll the flowers of the forcome manifest. mer month lose their beauty, and the whole plant hastens to decay. Many plants, however, do not begin to flower until July. The lily is one of the principal garden ornaments of this month, and gives an agreeable sensation of coolness, by its whiteness, to the eye. the animal creation, seem oppressed with langour during this hot season, and either seek the recesses of woods, or resort to pools and streams, for cooling their bodies, and quenching their thirst; the insect tribe, are peculiarly active and
vigorous. These minute creatures are for the which he resigned in 1616, and remained most part annual, being hatched in the spring, without preferment till 1625, when the Archand dying on the approach of winter.
bishop, gave him the Rectory of St. Dionis, The excessive heats of this period of the year Backchurch, in Fenchurch Street. In the cause such an evaporation from the surface of interim he had taken both his degrees in the earth and waters, that, after some continu- Divinity at Oxford and Abbot continuing ance of dry weather, large heavy clouds are his esteem collated him to the prebend of formed, which, at length, let fall their collected the first stall in the Cathedral of Canterbury. fluid in extremely copious showers, which fre- He was also appointed Governor of Sion Colquently beat down the full grown corn, and lege, London, and was made Chaplain to Charles sometimes deluge the country with sudden the First. In the second year of this Monarch's floods.
reign; Dr. Warner preached before him whilst
the Parliament was sitting during passion week, JOHN WARNER,
on Matthew xxi. 28, and took such liberties BISHOP OF ROCHESTER, 1666.
with the proceedings of that Parliament as very The reconstruction of Bromley College Chapel, highly provoked some of the members who hapthe foundation stone of which was laid on the pened to be present. Some measures appear to 22nd May, as reported in our columns, affords us have been taken against him, but the dissoluan opportunity of submitting to our readers a tion of the Parliament soon after protected him, biographical sketch of this remarkable man. In yet, we are told, that a pardon from the King was 1637, King Charles the First advanced him to necessary, which pardon was extant in Dr. the See of Rochester, and under various vicissi- Pearce's time. tudes of fortune, he died Bishop of Rochester on In 1633, he attended the King on his coronathe 11th October, 1666, “ eighty-six years old," tion in Scotland, and the same year was collaas he states in his will, dated 4th September, ted by him to the Deanery of Lichfield ; in 1666. By that will he founded Bromley Col- 1637, the King advanced him to the Bishopric lege, a foundation in the language of Hasted, our of Rochester, and notwithstanding the small Kentish historian "as unexampled at the time revenue attached to this See, Dr. Warner reof its institution, as it has been without compare signed his deanery, and his prebend, besides a since," a handsome monument in a small chapel donative of £200 per annum in Kent (probably at the east end of the north aisle of Rochester Barham, or Bishops-bourne,) of which it is said Cathedral marks the spot near which his mortal he was parson--in 1640 he assisted the King remains are interred.
with €1500 on the Scotch invasion of England, John Warner was born in London, where the and gave his attendance when there was only labours of his earlier life were usefully employed one prelate present besides himself in the council in the service of the church; yet considering held at York. In the same year he had the his great munificence in his bequests to Canter-courage to oppose the præmunire in the House bury, and Rochester Cathedrals, and especially, of Peers, and asserted the rights of the Bishops in his foundation of Bromley College, for Clerical sitting in Parliament. With equal zeal he Widows, and his long connection with the See joined in the declaration made by some others of Rochester, he is entitled to rank high among of his brethren on May 14, 1641, to maintain Kentish Worthies.
and defend, as far as lawfully they might with On the eastern wall on the north side of their life, power, and estate the true reformed Bromley Church is an elaborate monument Protestant religion expressed in the doctrine of erected to the memory of Dr. Zachary Pearce, the Church of England against all Popery and Bishop of Rochester, in 1756—to Dr. Pearce Popish innovation within this realm, and mainwe are indebted for many particulars carefully tain and defend His Majesty's royal person, collected, in relation to Dr. Warner's history, honour and estate ; also the power and privi. some of which we present to our readers. lege of Parliaments, the lawful rights and liber
John Warner was born in St. Clement's ties of the subjects, and endeavour to preserve Dane's, Strand, about the year 1580. After the union and peace between the Kingdoms of some grammatical education in which he made England, Scotland, and Ireland. rapid progress, he was sent to Oxford in 1598, This opposition appeared fruitless, and in and in the year following was elected demy of August of the same year he, with 12 other Magdalen College; he took the degree of B.A. Bishops, was impeached for acting in the convo. in 1602; commenced M.A. in June 1605, in cation of 1640, making their Canons and conwhich year he was elected to a fellowship. stitutions, and granting His Majesty a benevoIn 1610 he resigned his fellowship in conse
After the death of Charles the quence, it is supposed, of a fortune (£16,000,) First, our prelate published several sermons which came to him from his Godmother. In against that illegal Act—he refused any tax or 1614, he was presented to the Rectory of St. loan to the Parliament ; his estate was seques. Michael's, Crooked Lane, by Archbishop Abbot, tered, his books seized, and he fled into Wales ;
lence. * * *
for three years he wandered about, yet wherever opportunity offered, he continued the duties of his Episcopal functions.
After His Majesty's garrisons were given up, he was forced to compound for his temporal estate, now four years sequestered, at the rate of a tenth-part real and personal, but consistently refused all oaths to the usurping governmenthaving thus recovered a considerable portion of his estate, he devoted it to the assistance of his suffering brethren. Bishop Kennet in his life of Somner, relates that Warner on one occasion irritated by a suggestion that he was considered by his friends, too parsimonious, produced a roll of distressed Clergy, whom in their ejectments, he had relieved, with no less than £8000-he sent £100 to Charles the Second, and was about to send more, when his servant betrayed him, and discovered the matter to Cromwell.
ment, he is alike indifferent-he is found displaying high moral courage, at every step of his career, under conscious rectitude, in every change of circumstances-and in the last act of his life he is seen looking forward to the maintenance of that Church he had so long and so faithfully served, as well as to the care of the widows and children of his fellow-labourers-the working clergy. The history of the Church scarcely exhibits in its long list of sincere men a more noble character than that of Bishop Warner.
To the Editor of the Bromley Record.
Sir,-The correspondent of your contemporary, who writes under the soubriquet of "Screw Steamer," considers himself, I have no doubt, wonderfully facetious in travestieing our cognomen, and in sneering at the "law writers of bygone days." Had he been satisfied with this ebullition of gamin wit, it would have been passed over in silence, as unworthy of notice, but when he deliberately asserts that in "talking of ancient custom, we write without knowledge, as the furrows are yet traceable, where on those same hills, within recollection grew a fine waving crop of oats; " meaning thereby to intimate that such an interruption is inconsistent with the public right, we are bonnd to expose his ignorance, lest some nervous people might be misled by so erroneous a conclusion. We are sorry, however, that we cannot do this without again referring to these great authorities the "law writers of bygone days," whom he treats with such supercilious contempt, and whom he will not hold in any higher esteem, when told, upon the authority of so insignificant a personage as Sir Edward Coke, that the reasonableness or unreasonableness of a custom, "is not always to be understood of every unlearned man's reason, but of artificial and legal reason, warranted by authority of
law"-(1 Inst.: 62.) Now it is quite evident that the reasoning of "Screw Steamer;" as to the "traceable furrows and waving crop of oats" being sufficient legal proof of interruption to establish a private ownership, and thereby destroy the public right, brings him within that category of persons whom the chief justice of England has desighis amour propre, still it is a duty that we owe to the pubnated "unlearned;" and however offensive it may be to lic, to check him, as well as others of his class, in the pro
of pagation of such an error. This will be effected by a very trite quotation from the same eminent judge:-"it is to be
known that the title being once gained by prescription, or
custom, cannot be lost by interruption of the possession for (1 Inst.: 114.) It is clear, therefore, that this solitary 10 or 20 years, but by interruption in the right only." boasted possession of a "waving crop of oats" by the occupier of the Hill, will not prejudice the public right of enjoyment, which has been exercised both previously and subsequently to that event. But as this high authority may probably have no weight against the profounder judgement of some modern legal charlatans, we will illustrate the relative merits of both, by an admirable story, told by Dickens, of the pothouse Politician, who, in declaiming against the abuses of our public expenditure, supported his proposition, by stating that the Lord Chancellor received £14,000 a year for his services, whilst he knew a legal celebrity, a member of his own spouting club,-and a man, in his opinion, more competent, who would gladly undertake the same office at one third of that sum, nay, sooner than his country should be so burthened, for even a less amount. Not a doubt of it, and there would be found many men of equal calibre to follow so patriotic an example:-however, let us be thankthat our ancient usages and customs, are not as yet confided to the tender mercies of any such distinguished legal luminaries. At present these customs are engrafted upon, and form part of our common law, and can only be abolished by
an act of the Legislature; so that it will he much safer for "Screw Steamer" and his advisers not to meddle "with things which they don't understand. Ne Sutor ultra cre
pldam. Let the inhabitants of Bromley, therefore, bestir themselves before it is too late, and keep a vigilant look out for the detection of any chicanery which may be resorted to for robbing them of their vested rights in Martin's Hill.
On the Restoration, Bishop Warner was replaced in the See of Rochester, which he held till his decease. It is supposed that he lived on the profits, small as they were, of his Bishopric; whilst the produce of his temporal estates was accumulating-he gave away large sums, it is known, during his life, and by his will he bequeathed about £20,000, including the sum of £8,500, which his executors paid for founding Bromley College; this sum was appropriated to the purchase of the site and the erection of the first square of houses usually called the Old College.
The Will of Bishop Warner was carried into effect through the medium of an Act of Parliament, r. 22nd Car: II, which taking an estimate of the cost of work and the value of money of that period, has limited the amount to be appropriated for the "maintenance and repaire Bromley College, to the small sum of Five Pounds only.
This defect in legislation, however, has of late, attracted the attention of well-wishers to this excellent Institution; for two small legacies have been lately receivad and invested to form the nucleus of a "Repairing Fund," upon which, ere long, large demands will necessarily be made. Exertions are being made among the friends of the Clergy of the Church of England to augment this Fund, to at least £5,000, as an invested
The character of Bishop Warner presents an embodiment of Christian qualities. Under every vicissitude of life, from affluence to comparative poverty, in him, is found a firm resolve to preErve his integrity. True to the service of his Creator, faithful to his sovereign, and considerate towards his fellow creatures, he maintains e even tenor of his way; he imperils his Serty and his fortune for his sovereign's sake, tist he holds out a helping hand to his needy rethren in the Church-to the smiles of the Court, or to the frowns of an enraged Parlia