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TETUN KING, PRINTERS AND BOBIK-BINDERS,

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MIDDLETOWN, COXX:

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Bielical LITERATURE AND EXEGESIS

INCLUDING THE

PAPERS READ AND ABSTRACT OF PROCEEDINGS

--FOR

JUNE AND DECEMBER, 1881.

The Society prints the papers read in full, but is not respon-

sible for any opinions expressed therein.

MIDDLETOWN, CONN.:
PELTON & KING, PRINTERS AND BOOK-BINDERS.

1882.

On the Construction of Titus ii. 13.

BY PROF. EZRA ABBOT, D.D., LL, D., CAMBRIDGE, MASS.

The Greek reads as follows : προσδεχόμενοι την μακαρίαν ελπίδα και επιφάνειαν της δόξης του μεγάλου θεού και σωτήρος ημών "Ιησού Χριστού (or Χριστού Ιησού).

Shall we translate, “the appearing of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ”? or, “the appearing of the glory of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ" ?

It was formerly contended by Granville Sharp, and afterwards by Bishop Middleton, that the absence of the Greek article before qw:1po: in Tit. ii. 13 and 2 Pet. i. 1, and before Osor in Eph. v. 5, is alone sufficient to prove that the two appellatives connected by za belong to one subject.* “It is impossible,” says Middleton in his note on Tit. ii. 13, “to understand 0:0i and ow-ipos otherwise than of one person.” This ground is now generally abandoned, and it is ad

*Sharp applied his famous rule also to 2 Thess. i. 12, but Middleton thinks that this text affords no certain evidence in his favor. Winer disposes of it summarily as merely a case in which zópios is used for o {"splos, the word zipios taking, in a measure, the character of a proper name. In 2 Thess. I, II, u iyeus 11.@ denotes God in distinction from “our Lord Jesus” (ver. 12); it is therefore unnatural in the extreme to take this title in the last clause of the very same sentence (ver. 12) as a designation of Christ. We may then reject without hesitation Granville Sharp's construction, which in fact has the support of but few respectable scholars.

As to 1 Tim. v. 21 and 2 Tim. iv. I, it is enough to refer to the notes of Bishop Middleton and Bishop Ellicott on the former passage. Compare the remarkable various reading in Gal. ii. 20, adopted by Lachmann and Tregelles (text), but not by Tischendorf or Westcott and Hort,Svrlora! 7200 Osoj zal Xposv).

In Eph. v. 5. By 21 31011sia tui 1920.00 zal 0svi, the poo, and 0:0 are regarded as denoting distinct subjects by a large majority of the best commentators, as De Wette, Meyer, Oldshausen, Meier, Holzhausen, Flatt, Matthies, Baumgarten-Crusius, Bleek, Ewald, Schenkel, Braune and Riddle (in Lange's Comm., Amer. trans.), Conybeare, Bloomfield, Ellicott, Eadie, Alford, Canon Barry in Ellicott's X.T. Comm., and Prebendary Meyrick in " the Speaker's Commentary” (1881).

In the Revised New Testament, the construction contended for so strenuously by Middleton in Eph. v. 5, and by Sharp in 2 Thess. i. 12, has not been deemed worthy of notice.

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