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Judge-made law, 23, 179-261.
Judicial proceeding, eight parts of,

49, 50; four feet of, 51.
Judicially recognised custom, 12,

191-203.

Kallans, 176.
Kāma, meaning of, 132.
Kāma-sūtra, 131-148, 184.
Kandyans, laws of, 190; customs

of, 193.

Illața custom, 192-6, 239.
Illegitimate sons, rules for, 93.
Illoms, 177, 1992, 194 6.
Immoral and illegal debts, Chap. 3,

Part III., 315, 318.
Impartibility of estate, right of

coparceners to determine, 244-5,

281.
Indebtedness, the normal state of

the Family, 263-5.
Independent, three persons, 86, 167.
Indian, life of, in Käma-sūtra, 136;

society, 137, 113, 144, 103-70,

178, 206.
Infants, presumptions in favour of,

236-7.
Inheritance, disqualification for,

113; what should be regarded
Innes, Vr., his letter, 1-9; his

confession, 6, 7, 202 ; estimation
of, 1, 15; his arguments from
the Mřicchakatikā, 63-78; his
explanation of Mr. Holloway's
dictum, 189); 190, 191, 192, 196,
202, 204, 212, 225, 228, 23:3,
238, 242, 246, 248, 251, 252,
253, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261,

266. Part III. passim.
Interest, rules about, 108.

as, 301.

Kāni, or Tamil acre, 173 n.
Kantu Lal's case, 278; Part III.

passim, particularly, Chap. 3.
Karei, 17:3-4, 210.
Karnātaka Hanumantha's case, 331.
Karnataka kingdom, existence of,

imaginary, 179–84.
Karpakambal v. Ganapathi, 331,
Kavastha scribe, 64, 65, 70.
Keshava v. Rudran, 194.
Keshavan v. Vasudevan, 1994.
King, and priest, 31 ; how to deter-

mine suits, 35, 36, 44 62 ; con-
quering, 39, 40, 106; his edict
and pleasure, 51, 52; to preserve
order, 88-91 ; qualities of, 105–8;
to punish, 127 ; how, prospers,
how, punished, 131 n.; to prac-
tise artha, 134; interpolation in

Manu about, 145.
King v. Hoare, 317.
Krishnamma v. Perumăl, 355.
Ksatriyas, 9, 29; high above others,

30; Gāndharva marriage for,
140 n.; detachment of, from
Viçres and land, 163; adoption

by, 250.
Kubera, 366.
Kumarasami Nadan v. Palanayappa

Chetti, 275.
Kurral, contents of, 144-5; kama

section of, 145; artha section of,
145.

Jagannātha, 61, 243.
Jaina, faith abolished, 40.
Jimūta Vāhana, 101 n., 180, 181,

185, 186.
Joint Family, 149-78.
Joint property, gift of, 88, 94;

aliening, without consent of all,
119, 225–35. See “Gift,'' Aliena-

tion,' &c.
Joint Undivided Family, indistin-

guishable from Household, 160;
how originated, 161; reactionary

theory of, 170, 299.
Jolly, Professor, 11, 19, 36, 38, 41,

47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 58, 59, 60, 63,
70, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83, 87,
181, 182, 208, 218, 219, 220, 221,

239, 249, 251, 259, 298, 305, 369.
Jones, Sir W., 15, 35, 54,130, 300.
Judge, what Närada expects in a,

52 ; qualities of, 77.

Land, given, not to be taken back,

123, 169; inalienability of, 155;
detachment of Bralımans and
Ksatriyas from, 10:3 -4 ; redis-
tribution of, 172-4; estimation

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of, by Gentoo Code, 217-18; not

divided, 218.
Law, judge-made, see Judge-made

law'; not in Manu, 33 ; not for
kings, 47 ; Närada's opinion of,
43 53, 82–3; ridiculed in the
• Toy-cart,' 70; various notions
of, 131 2; to be gathered from
the Käma-sūtra, 141; distrusted
in the Mahābhārata, 147 ; no, in
India, 181–5; for non-Brahmans,
188-90; in Madura, 212. See

*Usage,'Hindū Law.'
Law-books, fabricated, 251-2.
Law-treatises, use of, 44 62.
Lending money, to whom permis-

sible, 108, 230.
Levirat, see · Niyoga.'
Lower castes, civilising the, 7, 8.

Madhava, 365.
Madras, mleccha, 169.
Madras school,' law of the, 10,

187.
Madura, Country, 173; university,

180; kingdom, 242, 243.
Magistrate, qualities and employ-

ment of, 105-8.
Mahā Pātuk, 123,
Malikaparje, 177, 193.
Majority of the Iligh Court, 294.
Malabar, 195; authority for, 61,251;

Brahmans, adoption amongst,

198.
Manager, binds the rest, 232 ; pre-

sumption against, 2336-7. See

• Head of Family,'' Women,' &c.
Managing Member, debts incurred

by, 13, 2:36–7; who to be, 118.
See • Women,' &c. Relation of,
to coparceners, 276,
Manas, 177.
Mänava- dharma - çāstra, 6. See

Manu.'
Mänava school, 34, 57.
Mandelslo, 42.
Mandlik, Mr., 186, 1996, 201, 206,
249, 259, 362, 363, 301, 365,

56, 369.
Mantrus, 45.
Manu, on usage, 24 43 ; a religious

essay, 34; date of, 34, 48, 51;

name of, 34, 80; for practical
use, 34, 44, 78; for whose
benefit, 46, 54, 57; recognises
conflicting usages, 55; rubbish
in, 57 ; whether referred to in
the Mricchakațikā, 6:3-78; less
developed than Närada, 79; on
ordeale, 84; no development
since, 120; on kāma and artha,
131, 133, 145-6; derelopment

in, 163-6; influence of, 189.
Maravans, 10, 175, 188, 205, 256.
Marco Polo, 42.
Marriage, runaway or secret, 139-

40; disapproved forms of, 140;
second, of woman, 142-3, 201;
of Brahmans with public women,
166 n.; Makkaparje, 177; Illata,
19244; Beera and Deega, 193;
Sarvasvadhana, 177, 193; with
brother's daughter, 203. See

Polvandry,' Polygamy.'
Max Müller, Professor, 19, 25, 57,

365,
Mayne, Mr., 22, 23, 140 n., 161,

189, 212, 239, 247, 256, 296,

297
Medhatithi, 60.
Megasthenes, 72.
Minakshi v. Virappa, 353.
Minor, presumption in favour of,

13, 236-7.
Minority of the High Court, 291;

becomes the majority, 325.
Mirasi right, 17:3 n.
Mitäkşarī, 6, 11, 27, 59, 60, 80,91,

98, 120, 161, 170, 171 n., 181,
186, 189, 212, 221, 223, 221,
225, 226, 228. Part III. passim.
233, 235, 238, 239; isolated text
of, discussed, 213, 297 ; Mr.
Mandlik on, 363-4; Professor
Max Müller on, 365 ; objections

to, 367-70
Mithilā lawyers, 181, 182.
Moeg, 162.
Morley, Mr., 182
Mother, authority of, 86; esti te

of, 92; controls division, 117;
rights of, 165, 167, 168; may
ruin the Father, 207, 217, 219;

entitled to a portion, 367 - 70).
Vricchakatika, 63-78, CO; date of,

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70, 71 ; ordealy in, 85; heroine
in, 135, 137; Vidusaka in, 1.36 n.;

hero of, 166 n.
Muddun Thakoor's case, 321.
Munro, Sir T., his opinion, title-

page; his letter, 47 n., 201, 250.
Muppanár, adoption by a, 203.

Nagalinga Mudali v. Subramaniya,

212.
Nairs, 177, 195, 205.
Nambūdris, 12, 177, 194-98, 249.
Nandi, on Kāma, 132.
Nannül, 141.
Närada, date of, 48, 79–80; his

opinion of law, 48-53 ; observa-
tions on, 79–98; mixed society,
&c., to be found in, 166-7; on
aliening one's share, 234; relied
on by Turner, C.J., 297-9; op-
posed to Madras teachings, 298;

on Father's debts, 319.
Nārāyanasāmi Chetti v. Samidas

Mudali, 312.
Náttukottei Settis, 178, 209.
Nāyikās, what, 137.
Niyoga, 42, 4:3, 56, 91, 95, 158.
Non-Brahmans, the law for, 188-90.
Non-division, presumption of, 12.
Notice, effect of, upon purchase,

309.
Nūzvid case, 216
Nyaya, 77.

Parakiyā, what, 137 n.
Paramount authority, 221.
Parcener, debt of, 85.
Partition, Narada's rules for, 92-5.

See Division.' Property not
liable to, 114; definition of, in

the Vitākṣarā, 321.
Pasung-karei, 173 n.
Path, the true, 147.
Patriarchal Family, 149-78.
Phear, Mr., 193.
Piri, 171.
Pitamardha, what, 136, 138.
Poligar, 174; position and powers

of, 282-8.
Polyandry, 20; for all but Brah-

mans, 02, 205; of Kandyans, 193.
Polygamy, reasons for, 142; whose

idea, 105 n.; of Kandyans, 193.
Ponnappa

Pillei's

case,

203-314.
Pope, Dr., 144, 145.
Porul, 145.
Presumptions of law, foreign to

the Sanskrit system, 204; should

be discarded, 2:37.
Priest, King and, 31. See · Brah-

mans.'
Principles, false, see ‘False Princi-

ples.
Processual law, 271-4; misuse of,

352.
Proclamation, Royal, 7, 16, 40,

190.
Profit, made by son, how dealt

with, 114, 168.
Property, individualisation of, 107,

168, 169, 299 ; artificial rights
of, 302; by birth, 369. See

Joint l'roperty.
Prostitutes, entitled to their pay,

122. See · Hetæra.'
Protap Chundra Roy, Mr., 26.
Public, Brahman and Ksatriya, 144.
Puna Karuppana Pilleis case, 310.
Punishment, 28, 105, 120; magni-

tude of, depends on what, 121;
panegyric on, 127 ; commutation

of, 1:28; may destroy the King,
Punjab Customary Law, 17.
Put, fear of, 177.
Putrikā, formula of, 195 6.

Oath, 81.
Obligation of the son, twofold, 300.
Offices, hereditary, 243.
Open-field system, 173 n.
Opoo pätuk, 123.
Ordeal, 69, 72, 83-5.
Order, breach of, 88-91.
Orientalists and scholars, thanks to,

21.
Ownership, see Equal Ownership.'

131 n.

Paiçāka marriage, 140.
Pandits, made great use of Jagan-

nātha in Madras, 61. See 'Gentoo

Code.'
Pangu, 171-4, 210.

SUT

136 n.

Seebohm, Mr., 173 n.
Self-acquired property, indivisible,

13.
Service, one duty of Cūdras, 29.
Seshachella's case, 233.
Share, aliening one's own, 13, 119,

121, 168, 225-35, 305–6; double
for Father, 116; of absentee,

118, 217. See Gifts.'
Shaving the head, 72.
Shiragunga case, 245, 246, 356.
Sin, no commission of, in Çūdra,

30.
Sivagiri case, 279-82, 288-90, 331,

337-9, 318.
Sivaji's nephews, 243.
Sixty-four arts and sciences, 135,
Slavery, rules about, 122.
Small Cause Court, question of

jurisdiction of, 310.
Smrti, usage in, 33.
Smộti-candrikā, 366.
Smộti-texts, 48-52 ; practical cha-

racter of, 63.
Society, Indian, 137, 143, 144, 103-

70, 178.
Son, may compel division, 12, 207–

24; may not do so, 115; always
dependent, 86 ; youngest, may
succeed, 87, 93, 118; twelve
sorts of, 95; profit made by,
how dealt with, 114; subject to
Fatber, 168; rights, &c., of, Part
III., passim, particularly, Chap.

3; not a coparcener, 229.
Southern lawyers, 152.
Srinivāsa Nayudu v. Yelaya Nayu-

du, 333.
Stepmother, share for, 239.
Strange, Sir T., 15, 82, 150, 201,

212, 224, 232, 238, 371.
Strange, Mr., 201, 212.
Subramanyan

Subramanyan,
323, 352.
Succession, in Gentoo Code, 110-11,

QUE
Queen, policy of the, 7.

Rākşasa marriage, 140.
Ramachandra Aiyar, Mr., 177.
Ramakrishna v. Namasivaya, 346,

354.
Ramnad, kingdom, settlement of,

243 ; case, 196, 253.
Ratnam v. Govindarāzalu, 276.
Reddis, 192, 194, 200, 239.
Redistribution of holdings, 172–3 n.
Regnaud, M., 64.
Regulation XXV. of 1802, 246.
Revive barred debt, power to, 275–

6, 327, 313,
Revue Critique, 22.
Richardson, Mr., 72.
Rig-veda, 58.
Robbers, shares amongst, 121.
Royal Proclamation, see Procla-

mation.'
Rshi, degrading sacred, 57.
Rshis, conflicting, not to be trusted,

147 ; degrading, 368.
Ruk-vedis, 308.

to wife's separate property, 112.
Suitors, ignorance and apathy of,

10, 11.
Suraj Bunsi Koer's case, 320, 337,

346.
Survivorship, principle of, 13, 333.
Sutherland, Mr., 223.

Sacra, connection of, with property,

156.
Sadr Adalat, on the filial obligation,

301.
Sales, different effects of, 307-9.
Sāma-veda, 58.
Sāmāniyā, what, 137 n.
Sami Iyer, Mr. P., 223.
Sampradaya, 183.
Sanskrit, law, see “Ilindū law';

legal literature, 16; conversing
in, 136; equivalents for English

plırases, 170.
Sanskrit texts, pitchforking English

doctrine into, 4, 19.
Sanskrit words, for privileged

classes, 31.
Saravana Tēvan v. Muttāyi Ammal,

278, 295.
Sarvadhikari, Mr. R., 181-84.
Sarvasvadhana marriage, 177, 193,

191.
Schools of Ilindū law, 11, 12, 14,

179–87, 255-6.
Scotland, C.J., 15.

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hārata, 147 ; is law, 184; in the
East and Soutb, 186 ; separate,
for every tribe, 188-90; need
not be valid,'196; Privy Coun-
cil on, 196 ; not judicially re-
cognised, 191-203; has modified
the law, 201; of Zamindāris,
242-47; becomes law, 363 ; Mr.
Mandlik on, 363; must be ascer-
tained, 374.

Váchaspati Misra, 186.
Vaiçyas, 9; alone to follow agri-

culture, 164.
Vantage-ground, Mr. Innes', 7, 361.
Varāhamihira, 133.
Värasudār, 171 n.
Varna-Sankara, 103-4,
Vasiştha, 58.
Vatsyayana, 131-148; date, &c.,

of, 132-33.
Vayidināda v. Appu, 198.
Veda, supreme authority, 32 ; op-

posite texts in, 32, 38, 39, 41-

48, 50, 54, 146.
Veda-çāstra, 44, 107 ; Çūdra must

not learn, 127.
Velliyammal v. Katha Chetti, 318.
Vena, King, 108.
Venkataramayyan v. Venkatasub-

ramanya, 270.
Vibhakta, 19.
Viduşaka, what, 136 ; in Mțiccha-

katikā, 136 n., 138. .
Vijñāna, dharma is, 26, 27.
Vijñāneçvara, 27, 28, 60, 148, 181.
Village Community, 160 ; English,

173 n.
Violence, in the Gentoo Code, 126.
Virarāyava v. Rāmalinga, 201.
Virarăgavamma's case, 351.
Virasanyappa v. Rudrappa, 201.
Virasvāmi Grāmini's case, 306.
Virgin-widow, marriage of, 142-3.
Visbnu, 59; on artha, 146.
Vitā, what, 136, 138.
Vyavahāra, how bred, 26; Gentoo

Code on, 119.

Suus hæres, what, 231.
Svakiya, what, 137 n.

Talboys Wheeler, Mr., 28.
Tamils, laws of, 190.
Tarawads, 177.
Thanks, to Orientalists and scholars,

21-23.
Thefts, in the Gentoo Code, 125–26.
Themis, dharma'connected with,

28.

Theoretical developments, 60, 221,

299, 302, 366, 369.
Timmappaya v. Lakshminārāyana,

341.
Toy-cart, 63–78; a necessary article

of furniture, 136.
Tradition, a constituent of dharma,

35.
Translations, of Smštis, 16; of terms

of art, 19.
Treatise, benefit derived from a,

145.
Tribunal, constitution of, 64, 05,

70.
Tupper, Mr., his work on custom,
Turner, Sir Charles, bis admission,

202; an unconscious convert,

260.
Twice-married women, 137.

17, 18.

Ulliţtār, 171 n.
Umamaheswara v. Singaperumal,

353.
Uncertainty of the law, 20.
Undivided, see "Joint Family.'
Undivided Family, member of, may
aliene, 13. See

Alienation,'
“Son,' &c.
Union, state of, 12; in the Hindu

Family, 204-6.
Usage, 6-9, 12, 17; is highest

dbarma, 24-43; where to be found,
29-33 ; divergencies of, 32; not
replaced by the Smộtis, 41;
reasons from local, and the çās.
tras, 41-62; conflicting, recog-
nised by Manu, 55; Nārada on,
83, 88-91; Gentoo Code on,
119; preferred in the Mahāb-

Wāris, 171 n.
Warren Hastings' Letter, 99.

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