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Based upon my interviews with defectors, it appears that the

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screened at their place of escape and then again in West Germany,

appear lost and indifferent.

Their escapes are usually dangerous,

they are proud of this, they consider themselves heroes, they

thought that in the U.S.A. they would be useful, that their Soviet

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exactly what the Soviet Government expects--the disillusionment in

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The defectors fear the Soviet agents, do not trust the

new

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English, they are alone, they long for their dear ones and friends

in

the U.S.S.R., and feel guilty towards them, they

are lost,

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the beginning, during the first days, they need attention, a chat,

explanation of some of the ways of life in the new society.

But

most important--human understanding, feeling of security, and hope

for a better future for the sake of which escaped to America.

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It is not necessary to create a totally new organization for

defectors.

An existing organization which has assisted defectors

in the past, the Tolstoy Foundation, is the ideal organization for

an enhanced program for defector resettlement.

The organization

is named after the great Russian writer and humanitarian, and many

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shown that with this organization the defectors feel at ease and

safe.

The Tolstoy Foundation has a Center (commonly referred to as

the 'Farm') where Russian-Americans currently reside; there is a

library with a Russian collection of books, a church, a hall for

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Russian-Americans, i.e., in Nyack, and in New Jersey.

Although

the Center is only 20 miles from New York City where the Soviet

authorities are widely represented, defectors could live at the

Center among its residents without any feeling of danger.

I suggest utilizing the experienced personnel of the Tolstoy Foundation along the the Foundation's Center for any increased

program for the assistance of defectors. The stay at the Tolstoy Foundation Center for the defectors could be the first painless

period of their adaptation to the U.S.A.

There they could easily

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language.

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defectors could teach English and Russian literature, culture,

etc., while the American students could, in turn, teach defectors

English, etc.

While residing at the Center, the defectors could

work with Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe and Voice of America.

Their speeches and radio broadcasts addressed to the Soviet radio

listeners could be a first-class American propaganda weapon.

It also would be very desirable to publish every six months

an almanac in which the defectors could write about the

reasons

for their escape from the U.S.S.R., and about other experiences in

the Soviet Union.

Such an almanac would be an excellent source of

information about the U.S.S.R. for the American public and the

press.

Experience shows that the defectors who began their new

life by writing articles and books about their escape and the

reasons behind it, psychologically, break their ties with their

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resettlement of these defectors--would find employment in any part

of the country--the Foundation would need the assistance from the

State Department and other organizations for this purpose.

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In connection with security measures, it would be necessary

to have a constant contact with the local police and control by

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possibly, the staff of workers should be reinforced with screened American personnel who can speak Russian.

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the U.S.S.R. should be discussed and reviewed with the management

of the Tolstoy Foundation.

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