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The artistic disposition Susceptibility and impulse towards ex.
pression—Music in the rough, in animals, in savages—Design
Music of savages—First efforts in the direction of design-Ele-
mentary types—Reiteration of phrases—Sequences—Tonality-
COMBINATION OF OLD METHODS AND NEW
Renewed cultivation of contrapuntal methods—Influence of Italian
taste and style upon Handel-His operas--His oratorios–J. S.
Characterisation—Increase of impulse towards the embodiment of
definite ideas external to music-Spohr-Weber-Mendelssohn
Italian disposition and its fruits-French opera–German ideals-
Wagner-Early influences-Instinct and theory-Exile and
THE ART OF MUSIC
THERE are probably but few people in the world so morose as to find no pleasure either in the exercise or the receipt of sympathy, and it is to be hoped there are very few so blind or perverse as to regard it as an undesirable and useless factor in the human psychological outfit. Whether it is the higher development of an original instinct which enabled mankind to rise above the rest of the animal world by co-operation and mutual helpfulness, or whether it is the outcome of the state of mutual dependence which is the lot of human beings, it is obviously a quality without which society could hardly continue to exist in the complicated state of organisation at which it has arrived. The jarring interests of hurrying, striving millions require something more than mere cold-blooded utilitarian motives to keep them properly balanced; and in matters of everyday life the impulses which tend to mutual helpfulness and forbearance are fed by the ordinary phases of this omnipresent instinct. But there are many kinds and infinitely variable , degrees of sympathy, and some people love best to bestow it, and some there are who much prefer to receive it. And apart from the ordinary sympathetic consideration of everyday life on the one hand, and of the devoted sympathetic heroism which often rises to the pitch of entire sacrifice of self on the other, most people have some special liries and subjects which excite their sympathetio instincts, and make