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how much impressing ought to be borne with; for he would certainly find, that though to be reduced to twenty-five shillings a month might be a private mischief," yet that, agreeably to his maxim of law and good policy, it" ought to be "borne with patience," for preventing a national calamity. Then I would press the rest of the Judges; and opening the red book, I would press every civil officer of government from 50l. a year salary, up to 50,000l. which would throw an immense sum into our treasury: and these gentlemen could not complain, since they would receive twenty-five shillings a month, and their rations; and this without being obliged to fight. Lastly, I think I would impress * * *

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I YESTERDAY expressed my wonder that John Hay, one of our guides, who had been pressed aboard a man of war, did not chuse to continue in it longer than nine months, after which time he got off.-Johnson. "Why, Sir, no man will "be a sailor, who has contrivance enough to get << himself into a jail; for, being in a ship is being *in a jail with the chance of being drowned."

Boswel's Tour to the Hebrides, p. 151.

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Works, Essays, p. 155.

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fea & NAVAL DESPOTISM. adt to tear sat ena Moon A Bmq bitow 1,7cm bu di gasg ma) Pylo} mye lop new memitavog te valec finta mors stru te woul by tow quidw decay chigu pasta abmy sed LAC * 520913 190 VAL. IN SOLOMI IN the evening Morgan [first surgeon's mate] visited the sick, and having ordered what was proper for each, I assisted Thomson [second mate] in making up his prescriptions: but when I followed him with the medicines into the sick birth or hospital, and observed the situation of the patients, I was much less surprised that people should die on board, than that any sick person should recover. Here I saw about fifty miserable distempered wretches, suspended in rows, so huddled one upon another, that not more than fourteen inches space was allotted for each with his bed and bedding; and deprived of the light of day day, as well as of fresh air breathing nothing but a noisome atmosphere of the morbid steams exhaling from their own excrements and diseased bodies, devoured with vermin hatched in the filth that surrounded them, and destitute of every convenience necessary for people in that helpless condition.




About this time captain Oakhum, having received sailing orders, came on board, and brought a ▲ 3


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along with him a surgeon of his own country,
grossly ignorant, and intolerably assuming, false,
vindictive, and unforgiving, a merciless tyrant to
his inferiors, an abject sycophant to those above,
him. In the morning after the captain came on
board, our first mate, according to custom, went
to wait on him with a sick list, which when this
grim commander had perused, he cried with a
stern countenance, "Blood and oons! sixty-one
people sick on board of my ship! Hark'e, you
sir, I'll have no sick in my ship, by G-d!" The
Welchman replied, he should be very glad to find
no sick people on board; but while it was other-
wise he did no more than his duty in presenting
him with a list. "You and your list may be
d-n'd," said the captain, throwing it at him;
"I say there shall be no sick in this ship while I
have the command of her." Mr. Morgan being
nettled at this treatment, told him, his indig-
nation ought to be directed to God Almighty, who
visited his people with distempers, and not to
him, who contributed all in his power towards
their cure.
The bashaw not being used to such
behaviour in any of his officers, was enraged to fury
at this satirical insinuation, and stamping with his
foot, called him insolent scoundrel, threatening to
have him pinioned to the deck, if he should pre-


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Morgan came down to the birth, where he soon received a message from the surgeon, on, to bring the


sick list to the quarter-deck, for the captain had


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ordered all the patients thither to be reviewed. This inhuman order shocked us extremely, as we knew it would be impossible to carry some of them on the deck, without imminent danger of their lives; but as we likewise knew it would be to no purpose for us to remonstrate, we repaired to the quarter-deck in a body, to see this extraordinary muster; Morgan observing by the way, that the captain was going to send to the other world a. great many evidences to testify against him. When we appeared upon deck, the captain bade the doctor, who stood bowing at his right hand, look at these lazy lubberly sons of bitches, who were good for nothing on board but to eat the king's provision and encourage idleness in the skulkers. The surgeon grinned approbation; and taking the list, began to examine the complaints of each as they could crawl to the place appointed. The first who came under his cognizance was a poor fellow just freed of a fever, which had weakened him so much, that he could hardly stand. Mr. Mackshane (for that was the doctor's name) having felt his pulse, protested that he was as well as any man in the world; and the captain delivered him over to the boatswain's mate, with orders that he should receive a round dozen at the grangway immediately for counterfeiting himself sick: but before the discipline could be executed, the man dropt down on the deck, and had well nigh perished under the hand of the executioner. The next patient to be considered laboured under a quartan ague, and being 3 A4






then in his interval of health, discovered no other symptom of distemper, than a pale meagre countenance, and emaciated body; upon which he was declared fit for duty, and turned over to the boat swain; but being resolved to disgrace the doctor, diedu Lupon the forecastle next day, during his cold: fit. The third complained of a pleuritic stitch, and spitting of blood, for which Dr. Mackshane prescribed exercise at the pump to promote expec toration; but whether this was improper for one in his situation, or that it was used to excess, I know! not, but in less than half an hour he was suffocated with a deluge of blood that issued from his lungs. A fourth, with much difficulty, climbed to the quarter-deck, being loaded with a monstrous ascites or dropsy, that invaded his chest so much, he could scarce fetch his breath; but his disease being interpreted into fat, occasioned by idleness and excess of eating, he was ordered, with a view to promote perspiration and enlarge his chest, to go aloft immediately: it was in vain for this unwieldy wretch to alledge his utter incapacity, the boatswain's driver was commanded to whip him up with a cat and nine tails: the smart of this application made him exert himself so much, that he actually arrived at the puttoc shrouds; but when the enormous weight of his body had nothing else to support it than his weakened arms, either out of spite or necessity, he quitted his hold and plunged into the sea, where he must have been drowned, had not a sailor, who was in the boat along-side, saved his life, by


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