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beginning to diminish and the market to become even quieter. Present prices at primary points are about 47 to 48 cents at this writing.

Glue

The glue market is fairly active and stocks are moving. Prices on the higher grades are firmly maintained in sympathy with the high cost of raw materials. In the cheaper grades, however, the market is rather unsettled because of foreign competition. There has been a big increase in importations of late in the cheaper grades of 10 cent values and under, causing the domestic market in these descriptions to weaken.

Varnish Gums

The varnish gum market is quiet, but good feeling is apparent and few complaints are heard. Consumers seem well supplied, but little activity is expected during the hot summer months when varnish making becomes a rather uncertain proposition. The chief demand is for the better grades.

Shellac

There is little activity in the shellac market, local business being largely confined to routine transactions. The advent of hot weather practically eliminates the practicability of importing shellac, as it is almost certain to arrive in a damaged condition from overheating. Some shellac has already arrived in a "blocky" condition. Information from the sources of supply contains the usual contradictory statements as to the new crop. There have been several reports of damage by excessive rains which washed the stick-lac off the trees, but this seems to be discounted by the fact that shippers are offering the finer grades of Orange at attractive prices and no evidence of firmness is apparent in any description. Local prices are hardly representative of actual transactions, but indicate the trend of the market: DC .. .21 @ 22

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The Heywood & Wakefield Strike Ended

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HE strike of the employes of Heywood Bros. & Wakefield, at Wakefield, Mass., which had been on for six weeks, was ended on May 31st by nearly 1,000 employes returning to work. The Rattan Workers union accepted the proposition made to them by the company. The Italian strikers, who belong to the I. W. W., did not accept the proposition and these did not return to work. The principal concession obtained by the strikers concerns the appointment of a general committee to confer with the company on hours of labor, overtime and other matters affecting the employes. The company also agrees to post price lists for piecework, adopt a better policy of distributing piecework, to have a price accompany new piecework when distributed, to take back all employes who went on strike, and not to discriminate against employes who wish to belong to unions. But recognition of the union is not included.

Factory Improvements in Grand Rapids

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OOD progress is being made on the new factory of the John D. Raab Chair Co. The factory will be located on the site purchased last fall at Monroe avenue and Mason street, N. W. It will have a frontage of 200 feet on Monroe avenue, cover the entire frontage on Mason street, 220 feet to Bond avenue, N. W., and will have a depth of 80 feet.

On the Bond avenue frontage will be the power plant, 46 x 44 feet. The factory will be four stories, brick, slow combustion mill construction, and in its arrangement and equipment it will represent the very latest and best ideas

in factory designing, with every attention paid to convenience, efficiency and safety.

On the second floor will be the show-rooms above the office, and the machine room. On the third floor will be the cabinet department and white storage, and on the fourth the shipping department and finished storage. On each floor, centrally located, will be toilet rooms and lockers for the employes, and adjoining the office will be a fully equipped emergency room.

The Royal Furniture Co. is just completing a twostory brick office building adjoining the factory on Monroe avenue. A handsome dining-room is one of the features of the second floor. For the past six weeks, while the building has been in course of erection, the offices of the company have been in the factory showroom on the top floor of the main building.

The Federation of Furniture Makers

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EMBERS of the Board of Governors of the Federation of Furniture and Fixture Manufacturers have been elected since the meeting which was held in Chicago, last week, and which was fully reported in the May issue of THE FURNITURE MANUFACTURER AND ARTISAN. The men who have been chosen to membership in the board by the constituent associations are as follows:

National Association of Furniture Manufacturers.P. A. Peterson, Rockford, Ill.; A. F. Karges, Evansville, Ind.

Central Bureau of Extension Table Manufacturers.— J. A. Conrey, Shelbyville, Ind.; E. Nonnast, Chicago, Ill. National Bureau of Metal Bed Manufacturers.-A. O. Foster, Utica, N. Y., and H. N. Davis, St. Louis, Mo. National Association of Commercial Fixture Manufacturers.-S. D. Young, Grand Rapids, Mich., and Chas. F. Kade, Plymouth, Wis.

National Association of Upholstered Furniture Manufacturers.-C. J. Kindel, Grand Rapids, Mich.; E. W. Schultze, Sheboygan, Wis.

National Association of Chair Manufacturers.-A. W. Highfield, Superior, Wis.; Ashton P. Derby, Gardner, Mass.

Parlor and Library Table Manufacturers Association. -M. R. Stevenson, Jamestown, N. Y.; Frederick B. Smith, Detroit, Mich.

Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association.-L. D. Waters, Hastings, Mich.; G. L. Wilkinson, Wabash, Ind. Parlor Frame Manufacturers Association.-H. W. Mallen, Chicago, Ill.

Manufacturers Cost Club-A. J. Pratt, Coldwater, Mich., and Geo. H. Rice, Green Bay, Wis.

The Board of Governors will be called together in Grand Rapids, about the 7th of July. The date has not been definitely fixed.

President Irwin, in pursuance with the action taken at the Chicago meeting, has appointed a committee of seven on the grading of hardwood lumber. The chairman of this committee is, naturally, Geo. A. Buckstaff, of Oshkosh, and the other members of the committee are: Thos. McNeill, Sheboygan Chair Co., Sheboygan, Wis.; E. K. Pritchett, The Macey Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.; O. B. Wilmarth, Wilmarth Show Case Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.; Louis Welker, National Furniture Co., Williamsport, Pa.; F. C. Hannahs, Hannahs Mfg. Co., Kenosha, Wis.; F. L. Northey, Northey Mfg. Co., Waterloo, Iowa.

Every member of this committee is familiar with the subject. An early meeting of this committee will also be held.

P. W. Sawyer is the organizer of a new corporation at Wausau, Wis., for the manufacture of abrasive papers and cloths. The firm will occupy the plant of the Wausau Sandpaper Co.

BOOK REVIEWS

FACTORY ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION. Second edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co., 239 West 39th Street, New York. Price, $3.00 net.

Written by Hugo Diemer, professor of industrial engineering at the Pennsylvania State College and a consulting industrial engineer of prominence, the second edition of "Factory Organization and Administration" presents an amplified and rearranged version of the initial edition of the same work. The work, as in its first appearance, is designed for the instruction of the executives and employes of manufacturing institutions and is a compilation of the experiences acquired by the author during twenty years' activity as an employe and consultant. Since the book includes much of the material delivered in lecture courses before advanced classes in engineering colleges, it will not be found without definite value to engineering students.

In tracing the evolution of industrial management, finance, control, accounts, construction, labor and kindred subjects, the work is exhaustive. Much that is practical will be found in its twenty-eight chapters. Particularly adaptable are the suggestions contained in the pages devoted to factory location, the planning of factory buildings, the drafting and pattern departments. While the work is intended to serve as an advanced text-book, its material is of that definite nature that will appeal to manufacturers in whatever capacity they may be employed. Numerous illustrations, reproducing charting methods and specific examples, add to the value of the complete work.

TRADE DIRECTORY OF SOUTH AMERICA-DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, WASHINGTON, D. C.

A complete revision and detailed classification of the names of South American importers and merchants, made by the American consular officers in coöperation with the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, has been published as a section of a new edition of the World Trade Directory. The lists have been brought up to date and are presented in uniform style, with a finding index. A new feature is the listing, so far as the information could be obtained, of (1) the American and other foreign agents of South American importing firms, and (2) of the Lames of the parent firms of branch houses located in various South American cities.

The Directory does not aim to include the names of South American exporters, nor are the names of manufacturers given, except those who are, or seem likely to become, purchasers of American materials or merchandise. The publication is a Directory of South American buyers for use by exporters and manufacturers in the United States. The Directory is in octavo form, bound in buckram, and is sold at $1.00 a copy, to cover partially the cost of printing. Those desiring one or more copies of this Directory should apply to the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce for the necessary order blank. THE EXPRESS SERVICE AND RATES-W. H. Chandler, Assistant Manager Traffic Bureau, the Merchant's Association of New York, with Appendix of Test Questions, and numerous Tables and Charts. 340 pages. Published by the LaSalle Extension University, Chicago. W. H. Chandler, in his treatise on "The Express Service and Rates," presents a work of timely and lively public interest. The vast field of express service has, strange to say, never been adequately treated. Stimson's "Express History" treats of the historical side, but it is now out of date. Various works on transportation devote

short chapters to express service, but there has never been an adequate treatment. This fact, even if there were no other reasons for interest in Mr. Chandler's treatise, just published by the LaSalle Extension University, Chicago, should make this carefully prepared manual noteworthy. But there are other reasons. On February first of this

year, the new express rates went into effect. The Interstate Commerce Commission's activity, the parcel post competition, and other events are directing popular interest to this subject. Furthermore, the recent announcement that the United States Express Company is to discontinue brings another reason for popular interest. The new publication is more a practical than a scholarly effort, though no objection can be brought against it on that score. It covers the whole express field, from history, organization, and service to rates and classification. Express statistics and finance are subjects carefully treated; and both the old and the new rate-making systems are fully explained. This is of especial interest since the rates are lowered considerably. The relation to the parcel post is also carefully discussed.

OILSTONE GRINDERS. Mummert-Dixon Co., Hanover, Pa.

Heads of departments, skilled mechanics and manual training school instructors, interested in efficiency equipment, will find instructive material in the latest publication of the Mummert-Dixon Company-a catalog illustrating and describing its line of oilstone grinders. The manufacturers, who are pioneers in the field of oilstone grinders, claim the endorsement of leaders in wood-working industries and offer a machine declared to be the most effective on the market for the abrasing of edged tools. The catalog recently issued contains detailed description of construction and operation and illustrates the latest developments in the Mummert-Dixon line.

Just About the Buyers

Charles J. O'Neil, furniture buyer for the Houghton & Dutton Co., Boston, was married recently at Watertown, Mass.

Thos. O'Haire is the new manager for the E. W. Edwards & Son store, in Syracuse, N. Y. He was formerly buyer for the upholstery department at their Troy

store.

Samuel E. Stocker, who has been with the Ohio Sample Furniture Co., at Cleveland, Ohio, has been made the manager. of the West Side branch of the establishment at 8911 Lorain avenue.

George I. Green has been made the manager at Summerfield's, in Boston, succeeding in that position George Obenhueber, who recently resigned and left for the West. Mr. Green was at one time with the Shawmut Furniture Co.

W. H. Bierce, who has been with Burns & Co., of Harrisburg, Pa., has just closed with C. H. Eyerby, of Hagerstown, Md., to buy for his new store, which will be opened during the fall months. Mr. Bierce is coming to the markets this month to select the stock.

R. S. Hooper has been made the manager and buyer of the furniture and floor covering departments of the Dorris-Heyman Co., of Phoenix, Ariz., succeeding in that position Frank A. Beane, who has been made general manager of the concern, a position heretofore held by C. D. Dorris, who is to leave soon for the East. Mr. Hooper was for nine years with the Phelps-Dodge Co.. of Douglas, Ariz.

Geo. Snapper, who was the buyer for the furniture department of the Edward Malley Co. for about five years,

is to be the buyer for the stores of Edward Schuster & Co., Inc., in Milwaukee, Wis. A new store is to be opened on Mitchell street, in September. This will be in connection with the two stores which the company named already has, one at Third and Garfield streets and the other at Twelfth and Vleit streets. Mr. Snapper will be in Grand Rapids early in July to buy for the furniture departments of the three stores.

Recent Deaths

Ernest Bragg, an employe of the Carroll Furniture Co., Jamestown, N. Y., committed suicide May 22nd, while despondent following the loss of his position.

Louis Zimmerman, an employe of the Fancher Furniture Co., Salamanca, N. Y., committed suicide by hanging himself in the basement of the Fancher plant, May 19th.

Edward Lawrence Shaw, president of the Shaw Furniture Co., East Cambridge, Mass., and one of the best known manufacturers of fine furniture, died on April 19th.

Louis Frederick, president of L. Frederick & Bro. Furniture Co., died at his home in St. Louis, on May 26th. He had not been in good health for some time and his death was not unexpected. He had been in the furniture business in St. Louis for more than thirty years.

George M. Small, for twenty-five years identified with S. C. Samuel & Co., manufacturers of church furniture, in Boston, died on May 28th, after a week's illness. A year ago he organized the George M. Small Co., Inc., of which corporation he was president. He is survived by a widow and two sons.

Spencer Swain, for many years vice-president of Heywood Bros. & Wakefield Co., died on June 7th, at Harrison, Conn., where he had gone a short time before, hoping to recover his health. He was 56 years of age. While connected with Heywood Bros. & Wakefield he had charge of their export trade. He is survived by a son who is not connected with the furniture business.

Robert Doran, 70 years old, president of the firm of Doran Brothers, carpet manufacturers, Philadelphia, Pa., died at his home May 23rd. In addition to his industrial interests, Mr. Doran was a director in the American Security Co., in the organization of which he assisted, and a trustee of the Pennsylvania Mutual Life Insurance Co. He is survived by a widow and one daughter.

Philip Frederick, who for thirteen years was the cost expert of the Simmons Manufacturing Co., of Kenosha, Wis., and who six months ago took a position with the Milwaukee Chair Co., died from morphine poisoning in the Kercher Turkish baths, in Chicago, on May 16th. He apparently had become estranged from his family, and had been missing for nearly three weeks prior to his death. Two days before his death his wife received a message from him enclosing checks and urging the payment of his life insurance. It developed that he was carrying $15,000 in insurance.

Alfred H. Andrews, whose name has been associated with the manufacture of office and school furniture for many years, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Holbrook, in Milwaukee, during the current month. He was 77 years of age. Mr. Andrews' home was in Lombard, a suburb of Chicago, and he had gone to visit his daughter when his final illness overtook him. For many years he was the recognized head of the A. H. Andrews Co., but for fully 20 years had only a nominal connection with that company. He was born in New Britain, Conn., and came of a New England family of culture. He began his business career as a solicitor of subscriptions for a religious paper, and in 1863 he established a school supply and book store in Chicago. A factory

was started later. This factory was purchased by the Merle & Heaney Manufacturing Co., in 1894, and Mr. Andrews was made the president of the company. was married in 1872 and his widow survives him.

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Parlor Table Manufacturers

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MEETING of the parlor table manufacturers was held in Jamestown, N. Y., on May 18th, following the organization of the federation. There was a good representation of the manufacturers, for these were in attendance:

H. C. Higby, Charlotte Mfg. Co., Charlotte, Mich. Frank Whitcomb, Davis-Birely Co., Shelbyville, Ind. Mr. Richards, Gray Furniture Co., Adrian, Mich. J. E. Greilick, J. E. Greleick Co., Traverse City, Mich. A. B. McCall, Hannahs Mfg. Co., Kenosha, Wis. J. H. Miller, Miller Cabinet Co., Rochester, N. Y. Mr. Block, Mutual Mfg. Co., Dayton Ohio. W. J. Strong, Palmer Mfg. Co., Detroit, Mich. T. M. Jackson, Saginaw Table & Cabinet Co., Saginaw, Mich.

Mr. Wilhelm, Wilhelm Furniture Co., Sturgis, Mich. Frederick B. Smith, Wolverine Mfg. Co., Detroit. And also representatives of the following Jamestown manufacturing concerns:

Bailey Table Co., Jamestown, N. Y. Diamond Furniture Co., Jamestown, N. Y. Jamestown Table Co., Jamestown, N. Y. Level Furniture Co., Jamestown, N. Y. Maddox Table Co., Jamestown, N. Y. H. P. Robertson Co., Jamestown, N. Y. The following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: President-M. R. Stevenson, Maddox Table Co. Secretary and Treasurer-A. B. McCall, Hannahs Mfg. Co.

Representation in the federation was considered and steps taken to select two members of the association for places on the board of governors. A banquet followed

the business session.

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Get a Skilled Chemist

ARRY J. LINDEMAN, who had his education in the manufacture of finishing material with the old firm of Wm. T. Lindeman & Co., later the Barrett-Lindeman Co., has been appointed superintendent of the Shelbyville Filler & Color Co., of Shelbyville, Ind. Mr. Lindeman was in full charge of the factory when it came under the control of the LawrenceMcFadden Co. In addition to the instruction which he received at the hands of his father, who was one of the pioneers in the manufacture of fillers and stains, he received a thorough education in chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. The accession of Mr. Lindeman to the working force of the Shelbyville Filler & Color Co. should put that company in the front rank of the business in which it is engaged.

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A New Invisible Hinge

HE Soss Manufacturing Co. has placed on the market a new Soss invisible hinge, which is known as No. 103. This has been produced to meet the demand for a small hinge for use on pianos, cabinets, tables and furniture of every description. This hinge has greater clearance between the plates when open than any hinge of its size.

The new Lincoln factory, Columbus, Ind., has just made its first shipment of chairs. At present the new chair manufacturing concern is making only diners and rockers, although it intends soon to put out a full line of upholstered furniture. It will shortly add parlor suites to its output. It now employs between thirty and fifty

men.

F. M. Collester, manager of the John A. Dunn Co. branch at St. Anthony Park, has been elected pre-ident of the St. Paul Credit Men's Association.

Herman E. Tarr, eleven years with the John A. Dinn Co., has purchased an interest in the Rhode Island Supply Co., of Providence, R. I., and has left the road.

Charles Rush, who has the reputation of having started twenty-four factories making metal beds, is now the manager of the Montauk Metallic Bed Co., of Brooklyn, N. Y. P. M. Heron, of the Sanitary Feather Co., Chicago, has returned from a three months' trip during which he visited Japan, the Philippines and China. He arrived in Seattle, June 11th.

C. W. Jackson was elected president of the Plymouth Chair Co., Plymouth, Wis., May 12th, following the resignation of C. H. Lenhart. Mr. Jackson formerly acted as secretary of the concern.

C. E. Block, for ten years the southern representative of the Widdicomb Furniture Co. has purchased an interest in the McMullen Machinery Co., and has been made the treasurer of the company.

Benjamin C. Van Lee, manager of the Zeeland Furniture Manufacturing Co., Zeeland, Mich., left with his father for a two months' trip in Europe, June Sth, where the Zeeland manufacturers will spend their vacation.

H. P. Johnson, of the A. J. Johnson & Sons Furniture Co., accompanied by his wife, will make an extensive tour of Europe, sailing on the Imperator. They will visit Norway, Sweden, Germany, France and Switzerland and will be absent about fourteen weeks.

William H. Linela, president of the Lincoln Chair Co., Columbus, Ind. has purchased the interests in that corporation of Lewis Bowlen and J. P. Sohn, who have been financially interested in the company since its organization. Mr. Sohn for some time acted as manager of the Columbus factory.

Jack K. Klein, of Klein Bros., manufacturers of bamboo furniture, who is touring the world, writes Arthur S. Lyon, of the Lyon Mercantile Agency, that he found one of the Lyon reference books in Kobe, Japan. Even the Japs keep their eye on the furniture trade through the use of the reference books.

Chas, F. Retting, of the Retting Furniture Co., Grand Rapids, who spends his winters at Pasadena, Cal., made the trip to his home at Spring Lake, near Grand Rapids, in his Ford machine, arriving home during the past month. He was a little less than twenty-four days in making the trip, met with few mishaps, camped out nearly every night, and is as bronzed and weather-beaten as a plainsman. The trip was immensely enjoyed.

Alex. F. Osborn, formerly secretary of the Hard Mfg. Co, of Buffalo, N. Y., has been placed in charge of the service and copy department of the E. P. Remington Advertising Agency, 1280 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. While Mr Osborn was connected with the Hard Mfg. Co., he was in charge of both the sales and advertising departments and acquired a knowledge of national distribution. It was with the Buffalo Chamber of Commerce that Mr. Osborn began his advertising career. There he acted as publicity secretary in connection with the $100,000 development fund. He also edited the Chamber's monthly magazino called "The Live Wire." He was also the Instructor in the Y. M C. A's advertising course. Mr. Osborn has been a frequent contributor to the publications of this company.

Edgar R Nomes, designer for the Century Furniture Co, and one of the owners of that company, has been chucen as advisor in the finishing and decoration of the

new Pantlind hotel, which is now in process of erection. Mr. Somes will act in conjunction with Leonard Schultze, of Warren & Whetmore, of New York, the architects, and J. Boyd Pantlind, who has made it evident for a good many years that he has taste in furnishing. It is the purpose to make the hotel in its furnishings bespeak the reputation of Grand Rapids as a furniture center. Mr. Somes got his education in Boston, and took the architectural course at the Boston Tech., and studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and for years was associated with leading Boston architects and decorators. His ability and taste is generally recognized and he will undoubtedly be of great service in the position to which he has been chosen.

John D. Case, long the secretary of the Sligh Furni ture Co., Grand Rapids, has sold his stock in that company and will sever his active connection with the company at the end of the July season. The sale of the stock in the company was made some time ago, but the announcement of the change is of only recent occurrence. The purchasers are Norman McClave, Charles F. Campbell, Geo. Keck and some of the younger men in the organization. Mr. Case has been with the Sligh company for more than twenty-seven years. Prior to his becoming identified with the company he was in the retail trade in Syracuse, N. Y. In the early days of his connection with the company he devoted himself entirely to the sales department and won a reputation as a salesman which he has sustained during all the years. Mr. Case has always been particularly popular and remains with the company during the selling season to meet old-time friends and patrons of the Sligh company for the last time. Mr. Case has purchased an interest in the Grand Rapids Underwear Company with Carl Mather and E. A. Clements.

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More Factories Install Standard Dry Kiln MONG new improvements in the way of drying equipment, it is noted that the Tate Furniture Co., of High Point, N. C., are putting in a Standard Dry Kiln, two-room size, 100 feet in length; while the Pioneer Furniture Co., of Eau Claire, Wis., are installing a three-room Standard kiln, each room 104 x 19 feet in size.

These new installations further attest the popularity of the Standard Moist Air Drying System among furniture manufacturers. The success of this make of kiln in drying hardwoods is largely due to the fact that in it the drying elements-heat, humidity and circulation of air are always absolutely under the control of the operator, so that the drying conditions can be exactly regulated to suit the special requirements of the stock. Bedding Concerns Consolidated

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WO St. Paul bedding concerns have been consolidated. The Northwestern Bedding & Manufacturing Co., capital $500,000, has been incorporated in South Dakota by F. J. Wilcken, A. C. Wilcken, Conrad Hamm, L. J. Buenger and others. The corporation, the main plant of which is located in the Midway district of the Twin Cities, will assume all interests of the Northwestern Bedding Co. and the Union Mattress Co., 182 University Ave., St. Paul, Minn. The Northwestern Bedding Co. was established in 1884, and the Union Mattress Co. in 1904. A. C. Wilchen, secretary of both affiffiffiated companies, will continue as secretary and general manager of the Northwestern Bedding & Manufacturing Co.

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Save the Saw

Kerf, Edge Strips and the Operation of Ripping in Jointing Lumber

Real economy in producing any line of furniture comes from taking every advantage in the saving of lumber, labor and glue. There is no economy, however, in saving lumber and glue if it takes additional labor and time to perform the work. So in effecting the greatest economy the fewer the operations that can be performed in producing a certain line of work, just so much less will be the cost of production.

By reducing all the jointing operations to ONE is the reason why the

TINDERMAN AUTOMATIC
JOINTS GLUES (LAMPS and SIZES UMBER

All operations combined in one machine

A 3% Percent Saving in Lumber on
6-in. Widths.

is so much more profitable than other methods, as it takes every advantage in the saving of waste in labor, lumber and glue from the cut-off saw until the panel is sized to width ready for planing.

Saving the saw kerf and edge strips does not seem as if it was of much importance, but with the Visible Dial Feeding Fence operated properly by the end feeder, 40 to 65 per cent. of the labor of ripping is done away with, and the 3-32-in. saw kerf and edge strip that is wasted in ripping with a saw is recovered by the Visible Dial Feeding Fence, making a net saving of 3g-in. in lumber. Taking into consideration the saving of ripping, jointing, glue, clamping and sizing and the saving of lumber effected by the Linderman process, the Linderman process means a paying investment in any factory jointing from 750 feet and up of lumber per day.

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