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low the 14 cent. level. Consumers seem just termined not to purchase beyond actual daily needs on the price falls below this point, and so the deadA continues. Bids of 13 cents are common and some business has been done at 13 cents, but the nominal quotation is 14 cents. Brass tubing manufacturers are maintaining previous price schedules without change and it seems improbable that there will be any change in the near future, even should copper drop sharply. There is considerable interest manifested in the possibility of war, which would stimulate the brass trade materially.

THE RAW MATERIAL MARKETS
Cotton

The raw cotton market is distinctly weak, lacking support from both producing and consuming ends. The assurance of an ample supply for all normal requirements is coupled with the fact that the demand for cotton fabrics is at a low ebb and that consumers of cotton are consequently indifferent and disposed to delay buying in the anticipation of still lower prices for the staple. The size of the present crop has been definitely settled and the prospects for next season are encouraging. Although planting has been delayed in some sections by unseasonably cold weather, as a whole the planting has proceeded favorably and it is already apparent that the acreage devoted to cotton will be fully as great if not larger than last year. Methods of cotton cultivation are improving rapidly, and if the weather is propitious, the present rate of production should be more than maintained. Lack of demand for cotton products has begun to react sharply upon manufacturers throughout the industry. It is reported that the cotton yarn market has not been so dull in years, and it is apparent that the mills have no incentive to stock up on yarns, being assured of ample supplies whenever needed, and anticipating further weakening of prices. Cotton spinners have been quietly cutting down their output, and a concerted movement toward a general curtailment is now on foot. The volume of curtailment in the textile manufacturing centers has reached alarming proportions. It is said that the volume of output is now actually less than it was when a lesser number of mills were in existence and running full time in 1906. Many mills have been closed entirely and it is estimated that 15.000 looms Fall River are standing idle in New Bedford alone. mills are operating to about 85 per cent. of capacity. In heavy cotton goods, barely 65 per cent. of total capacity is reaching the market. It seems to be the policy of the The war mills to shut down rather than overstock. scare brought a possibility of increased business in heavy cotton goods, such as ducks, drills and uniform materials, but at this writing this feature does not seem Prices have been mainlikely to prove of importance.

tained at a low level for some time and if present dull conditions are long maintained, it is practically certain that they will become seriously unsettled. Published quotations on tickings are: Amoskeag ACA......1334

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52 Carpet Wools

The market in carpet and upholstery wools is quiet with a deadlock on prices. Some large arrivals from foreign sources have been noted, but most of such stocks were owned by large consumers and hence did not appear on the general market. Holders of carpet wools seem confident that the future will justify their present attitude of holding obstinately to present high quotations, while consuming interests are equally convinced that prices will be lower. The volume of business in the manufacturing centers is such as to permit the discussion to proceed without serious embarrassment. Wool stocks are not necumulating to any great extent, but there is no shortage in sight. It is believed that trading on a large

scale will not be resumed until the new carpet season is well under way.

Silk

The raw silk market is exceptionally firm and active considering the time of year. It had been reported that domestic manufacturers were well provided with stock, but their continued inquiries and the active movement of stock would indicate that they have been buying from hand to mouth. There are indications of a serious shortage in supply if the present rate of consumption is maintained. It is said that there are but 1,000 bales of raw silk suitable for export remaining in the Japanese market and holders are very independent. Prices have advanced steadily and some of the better grades are unobtainable. Owing to the high quotations on Japan silks, the Italian market has become more active and prices have advanced there also. There are rumors of unfavorable conditions for the coming season in the Italian producing sections. Chinese silks are firmly held at high levels.

FINISHING-ROOM SUPPLIES
Linseed Oil

Gloom and depression are the features of the linseed oil market. The predictions of a famine and big advances in price, which emanated from some quarters recently, do not appear to be borne out by the facts. The flaxseed market is exceptionally quiet and prices have been shading off from week to week. The domestic supply of seed appears to be considerably larger than was anticipated and there is plenty in sight from foreign sources if needed. Seed receipts at primary points have been light since the market began to break early in April and it is believed that holders are withdrawing their stocks from the market. Crushers are fully supplied and are not willing to make further purchases until they can dispose of the oil which they have accumulated. It is reported that the crushers are carrying heavier stocks of oil at present than in many years past. The European demand for South American seed has fallen off materially, indicating that foreign oil producers are also well supplied. General business depression is assigned as the principal reason for the big slump in consumptive activity for oil. Prices have been shading off for several weeks, but buyers still refuse to anticipate their needs. An authority reports that a large paint manufacturing concern, one of the leading individual consumers of linseed oil, estimates its requirements this year at fully 40 per cent. below normal, based on lack of interest in painting operations. Oil prices have receded to a 50 cent basis on paper but it is understood that price cutting is general throughout the trade. It would seem that a 50 cent price was fairly safe, but the spring season has been distinctly disappointing and it is believed that dealers are generally overstocked as a result. Even lower prices now seem in prospect, although a sudden increase in demand would stiffen things up.

Varnish Gum

Although showing no signs of weakness, the varnish gum market has slowed down. Large quantities of goods have been moved, but consumers now seem to be well stocked up for immediate needs and are not anxious about the future. There is no present indication of shortage in any of the more desirable grades and buying is consequently at a minimum. Prices are practically unchanged.

Shellac

Local dealers are discouraged by the unsettled condition of the shellac market. It seems to lack support both from the consuming interests and the sources of supply. Dealers, both here and abroad, seem unable to figure out the situation and are quoted as complaining of the uncertainty. Reports from the producing sections are indefinite or contradictory, and the only reliable indication of this phase of the market is that Calcutta dealers who handle the bulk of the world's supply, are shading prices, although in an erratic manner. Speculation appears to be rife in the European market and there are many complaints of this feature. Shipments of shellac to this

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The turpentine market has again turned to apathy and indifference. Consumption has been small, dealers are inactive and little stock is moving. Prices have shaded off and are now at about 47 cents at primary points. It now seems certain that the production of turpentine will be sharply curtailed. The bulk of the turpentine supply comes from the yellow pine lumber producing sections. The demand for this class of lumber has been very light and turpentine production has consequently increased. Plentiful supplies have reached the market, but at present prices the margin of profit is negligible and it is understood that the manufacture of turpentine is to be curtailed materially.

GLASS AND MIRROR PLATES
Depression Prevails

On May 29th, the American window glass factories are expected to close their plants until on or about October 1st. Such was the announcement made during the last few days by one close to the situation in this trade.

The plate glass market has been anything but brisk during the past few weeks and this may be accounted for by the fact that the building season has not opened as early as many believed that it would. It is freely admitted, however, that there is quite a lot of work on the boards of the architects, which, if finally put through, would make the trade from fair to moderate.

One large Pacific Coast dealer in plate and window glass is reported to have specified quite recently the importation of 100,000 boxes of glass from Belgium factories for Pacific seaboard delivery. Prices on this specification are not obtainable and considerable secrecy is said to be maintained about the order. The Belgium factories are not operating as briskly as they were a month ago, and during the past fortnight ten furnaces went out of fire. When they will resume no one can tell. Many factories are unable to take care of any excessive quantity of "A" glass and have sent out instructions to quote a higher price. This, of course, refers to the jobbing interests, and on both single and double in "A" quality and even then to accept only a certain percentage of "A" unless the glass happens to be already in stock.

Many of the furnaces in the different glass factories are becoming worn and the termination of the present fire is admitted to be near at hand. For that reason it will be almost utterly impossible for the jobbers to accept any large quantity orders for "A" glass. It is admitted in some offices that an avance of about five points or thereabouts on "A" quality can be reasonably anticipated, but there are others who do not believe there will be any change in the other qualities. That the Belgium factories will remain out of fire for several months is being freely admitted. With ten furnaces on the inactive list in that country, this leaves only about twelve or fourteen furnaces in active oneration. In the domestic field, one of the factories in Texas recently closed its shops and it is currently reported that other plants will close down earlier than the time agreed upon by the wage scale. This is

being done, so it is said, for the purpose of installing new machinery and to make other improvements in the general line of factory upkeep.

With the general shutdown of all the hand plants only a few weeks distant, buyers are being warned now that if they expect prompt and efficient deliveries they should place their specifications at the earliest possible date. It has been even suggested that the dealers send specifications of all requirements immediately, and when these are received the factories will notify the trade whether or not these specifications can be taken care of with promptness or delay, as the occasion may arise.

At the present time there is said to be a movement on foot having for its ultimate end the consolidation of glass factories in the West and Southwest. In this connection it is averred that the factories in the Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana districts will be the ones that will be interested in this proposed movement.

From Detroit comes the report that building operations in that district are on a most active scale, and this has proved to be good news to the trade. Chicago is not up to normal, and while a number of large buildings are contemplated in the Pittsburgh district, actual work has not been started on any of these plans, save in two instances. The East is also reported to be suffering from more or less apathy in the building trade, and, as a matter of fact, this condition is being reflected in the plate glass industry.

The jobbing interests throughout the country have experienced a rather light demand for plate and window glass during the last few weeks, this being due to the general inactivity of the building contractors. In not a few districts of this country the price lists have not been of a character that would insure the jobbers wealth on every order booked. That there is a growing scarcity of first and second qualities is rather freely admitted by both brokers and jobbers everywhere. This would indicate that the price lists on all these qualities in the popular sizes will rule higher as the season advances.

UPHOLSTERING AND BEDDING SUPPLIES

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Cheap grades of chicken feathers are about one cent higher than last year, turkey feathers 1 to 2 cents higher, duck feathers 3 to 4 cents higher and goose feathers, including downs, have soared to new levels. The supply seems totally inadequate and no sign of relief is in sight. Burlap

The burlap market is unsettled and values are rather uneven. Early in April a sharp upward tendency became apparent, due to the strength of the producing points. Jute went above $170 and is now between $170 and $175.

The alarmists are at work again predicting dire calamities for the coming crop, but this seems to have had little effect. Toward the end of April, prices eased off again and the market has been rather dull. The demand from Argentina has been dull also and there seems to be an ample supply of goods on the market. Transactions have been chiefly in small lots locally and prices have been variable within a small range. On the basis of 5.75 for 1012 oz. 40s, heavy weights have been in fair demand. There is a feeling that prices should be lower next season, and holders are consequently reluctant to accumulate stocks.

UPHOLSTERERS' COVERINGS

Leather

Both the hide and leather markets continue extremely dull as a whole, relieved by activity in certain specialties. Ultra-conservatism is the keynote in all departments. That the high prices ruling in the hide market are based upon actual conditions is amply attested by the manner in which they have been upheld in the face of curtailed purchases by tanners. Receipts of cattle at primary points have been very small and well-known authorities are quoted as predicting that the receipts of cattle this spring will be the lightest in years. The importation of hides from Mexico has practically ceased as a result of the recent developments in that quarter. European hides are in fair demand and command a premium. Slightly higher prices are anticipated throughout the hide market at this time, for the spring killed hides are considered more desirable by tanners and the better qualities will appear on the market from now on. Tanners are merely purchasing what they need for actual requirements and are unwilling to anticipate future needs. Some complain that they will be unable to operate unless they can bring consumers to understand the necessity for advanced prices. Upholstery leathers are very quiet at present. The automobile trade is using fair quantities but the demand from the furniture trade is dull. From one quarter there was reported a heavy demand for goat grained leather to replace the real goat skins. Prices have advanced to the point where the imitation is praetically on a parity with the real goat, with the added feature that the goat grain embossed on hides is far more economical in cutting up. Despite the dullness of the market, prices show no signs of weakening.

the Master Craftsman's Choice, Art in Gum, the Gum With an Individuality, the Gift of the Centuries and the Sovereign Cabinet Wood all receiving consideration as first, second or third choices. The preponderance of opinion was with the Master Craftsman's Choice and the Cabinet Wood DeLuxe, however, and a decision of the question as to these two led to "Figured Gum, the Cabinet Wood DeLuxe" being hit upon as the winner.

This slogan was submitted by R. E. Amoss, of 3 William street, Hammond, Ind., who has been awarded the prize. The slogan chosen will hereafter be a feature of the Louisville Veneer Mills advertising of figured gum veneers and panels, according to H. E. Snyder, advertising and sales manager of the company.

TH

A Brown Wood Era

ECHNICAL writers are taking the ground, largely from the fact that American walnut is coming into favor again with furniture manufacturers, interior finish concerns, etc., that a brown wood era is at hand. They point out that with Circassian walnut and figured gum being used on account of the tone of the wood being brownish, and with fumed effects in oak and other finishes which are of the same general character being preferred to the natural finish, it is apparent that the public taste is inclining in the direction of browns.

"If this is true," said a furniture manufacturer who has ordered black walnut for use in his fall lines, "the American wood seems destined to regain the high favor which it once had in this country, and which it has continued to enjoy on the Continent, where standards of art and craftsmanship, it must be conceded, are sometimes higher than ours. Walnut has a beautiful natural brown color, which is distinctly pleasing, being rich without being ostentatious and attractive without being garish. Personally, I am inclined to rejoice that the vogue as to color is changing. We have had reds and yellows and blacks, and now that we are taking up the brown there is hope for a stimulation of interest on the part of the public in the offerings of the furniture factories.”

Figured Gum, the Cabinet Wood de Luxe Carpet and Upholstery Industries Directory

T

HE Louisville, Ky., Veneer Mills, of which D. E. Kline is head, has concluded an interesting contest for the selection of an advertising slogan. The concern has been a leading manufacturer of figured gum veneers and panels, and has been seeking for some time a slogan which would convey in a few well-chosen words an adequate idea of the beauty and desirability of this material. It was finally decided to have a contest as a means of securing a phrase of that kind, a prize of twenty dollars in gold being offered.

Hundreds of entries were received, and the best of these were submitted to a committee of judges, composed of H. W. Marsh, of Veneers, Indianapolis; E. W. Meeker, manager of the Hardwood Record. Chicago, and J. N. Nind, Jr., advertising manager of THE FURNITURE MANUFACTURER AND ARTISAN, of Grand Rapids. The phrases which were submitted to the judges were the following:

Monarch of the Woods, Art in Gum, the Gum with an Individuality, the Cinderella of Cabinet Woods, Figure 1 Gum Reflects Nature's Best Inspiration, Figured Gum— the Master Craftsman's Choice, Figured Gum-the Gift of the Centuries; Figured Gum, the Cabinet Wood DeLuxe; the Sovereign Cabinet Wood, the Flite of Cabinet Woods, and the Premier Cabinet Wood.

The judges showed considerable variety in their choice, the Flite of Cabinet Woods, the Cabinet Wood De Luxe,

W

TE HAVE received from the publishers the “American Buyers' Directory," containing Kendrick's Directory of the Carpet and Uphol stery Industries, a publication of 30 years' standing. The present issue is for 1914-15, and embodies information which must prove a great saver of time to busy mer chants and to their assistants as well. Its 150 pages contain classified tables and an alphabetical list of manufacturers and jobbers of carpets, rugs, mattings, linoleums, upholstery goods and curtains, together with the mill titles, products of the same listed by their various brand names and trade-marks, a glossary of Oriental rug terms and various tables which will prove of invaluable service to the buyer of all classes of floor coverings and furnishings in general. Sent free on certain conditions by The American Carpet and Upholstery Journal, 102 South Twelfth street, Philadelphia, Pa.

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AMONG THE SUPPLY MANUFACTURERS

P

A Linderman Automatic Device RACTICALLY every new idea in the manufacture of furniture has been conceived by experience and experiment. Without these two elements we would still be laboring under obsolete conditions.

We know beyond a doubt that there has been a vast number of improvements in machines for every department of the furniture factory and that it's a wise plan for the president, manager and superintendent to keep in touch with the latest developments that are being brought out by the different manufacturers. Any one who has followed the woodworking industry will not have to look back very far to see the superiority of presentday methods; but after summing it all over, the improvements made on machines far exceed the developments. That is, there have been very few methods, when compared with improvement, that have distinctively revolutionized previous operations in working up lumber.

There is, perhaps, no method that has caused as much attention and comment in the woodworking line as the Linderman automatic ripper, jointer, gluer, clamper and sizer, because it revolutionizes every precedent in manufacturing lumber. Instead of the several operations and machines required to bring the jointed panel to its finished width, as ripping, jointing, gluing, clamping and

sizing to width, it performs the work required previously by several machines at one antomatic operation with facilities for taking care of every advantage in the saving of lumber, glue and waste, in addition to a large reduction in labor costs.

The question of whether the double cut tapered wedge dovetail joint is satisfactory on solid or exposed furniture can no longer be debatable as an investigation of the solid and exposed mahogany, quartered oak, gum and other kinds of woods turned out on the Linderman machine at the plants of the Empire Mfg. Co., Rockford, Ill.; Gunn Furniture Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.; W. K. Cowan & Co., Chicago; Wisconsin Furniture Co., Milwaukee, Wis.; Crescent Furniture Co., Evansville, Ind.; Indian Head Table Co., Nashua, N. H.; J. K. Rishel Furniture Co., Williamsport, Pa.; White Furniture Co., Mebane, N. C.; A. B. Atkin Co., Knoxville, Tenn., and fifty others demonstrates the value of the tapered wedge dovetail joint welded lumber on the best lines of solid furniture.

The Linderman machine, by its economy, means better manufacturing facilities and when a small manufacturer of furniture using but 1,350 feet of lumber per day can make a saving of 14 per cent. in the lumber purchases on a year's output, a saving of 60 per cent. in their glue bills and 85 per cent. of the labor of ripping,

jointing, gluing, clamping and sizing, there seems to be but one answer-a valuable and important improvement has been made in the manufacture of furniture.

The Linderman is a universal process, adapting itself to the peculiar conditions of every factory. The illustration here shows how several factories have saved the operation of squaring the ends of panels when edge strips are used. This new squaring table, or fence, by the aid of a rip saw in front of the dovetailing heads, straightens the edge of the panel, putting on a cleat or edge strip at the same operation and with the new forming dovetailing head used for jointing cross grain, this class of work can be done practically at the rate of 40 feet per minute.

A

A Train Loaded With Red Gum Lumber RECORD-breaking shipment of red gum lumber passed through Memphis, on April 17th, enroute from the largest hardwood mill in the world, that of the Lamb-Fish Lumber Co., Charleston, Miss., to Pensacola, Fla., where it will be loaded on a specially chartered steamer for Egypt. This shipment consists of 541,000 feet, loaded in thirty 40-foot box cars, and was brought to Memphis over the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley Railroad, and moved from Memphis to Pensacola via the Louisville & Nashville railroad.

coast.

This is a demonstration of the potential wealth in the forests of our Southern states, as this class of hardwood grows extensively in the southern section of the Mississippi valley and Atlantic Red gum is at last taking its rightful place among the useful and beautiful hardwoods of the world, where it belongs, because of its fine texture, enduring quality, freedom from warp and stain, natural beauty and ease with which it lends itself to polish.

About forty manufacturers of red gum recently formed an organization for the exploitation of this lumber. They have opened headquarters in the New Bank of Commerce & Trust Co. building, in Memphis, and are demonstrating the fact that "It pays to advertise." Like all big undertakings, the furtherance of this movement does not end with promoting the interests of gum manufacturers alone, but benefits every acre of timber land from which this wood is cut.

It is significant and not at all surprising that this, the largest shipment of red gum ever made, is destined to Egypt. Egypt! That land that has taken the initiative from the dawn of civilization. American lumber manufacturers are delighted to note that she still has the habit of building on a large scale, and in placing this order for red gum, she has exercised a discriminating taste, cultivated for so many centuries. Egypt knows how to build. Before you assert that this country ever groped in darkness, look at the face of the Sphinx, which was old when history began, and which bears the impress of an intelligent people who built temples that mock at time and smile at our puny efforts at architecture; made glass three thousand years before England learned the art, and employed mathematics in architecture that we have only recently discovered. Here we are reminded of Solomon's temple, and are impressed with the wisdom and esthetic taste he exercised in selecting for interior finish wood from the forest of Lebanon, a cedar that very much resembles gum in color, texture, etc. "He built the walls of his house with cedar, both the floor of the house and the walls of the ceiling, and he covered them

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on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. Within-there was no stone seen."

Egypt has something yet to teach the world. She knows how to market, as is evidenced by importing red gum from one of our Southern states, when her next door neighbor and "family connection," India, abounds in mahogany, teak, ebony, rosewood, etc., and just up the river Nile lie the great forests of Central Africa, and nearby the hardwood district of Guinea.

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machine is illustrated with this. The manufacturer of this machine has good reason to be proud of it. There is no other machine made for which it is claimed and guaranteed that it will be successful in handling any and all adhesives. This machine is the result of many years' experience in building glue spreading machines and in keeping pace with changing conditions and requirements. It is made by Chas. E. Francis Co., Rushville, Ind., who are well known to readers as manufacturers of equipment for gluing, veneering and built-up stock work. In this new glue spreader, the value of which has already been demonstrated by actual use in representative factories under various conditions, the manufacturer has successfully embodied all the peculiar requirements of cold or vegetable glue. The machine is likewise a success with animal glue, casein, silicate of soda and other adhesives. It is an extra heavy machine, nicely designed, and of first-class construction. The illustration shows the scraper for the lower roll (a very important part of the vegetable glue spreader) hinged outward to show its construction. This machine has many unique features and is a model in design and construction throughout.

Those who are using animal glue may install this machine and be prepared to change over in whole or in part to any vegetable glue at any time desired, or vice versa, which means that any and all inconveniences will be avoided. Any further information will be supplied by addressing the manufacturers.

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F

Changed his Connection

RANK J. DONAHUE, who for a number of years has been district sales manager for the Glidden Varnish Company in the state of Michigan, has connected himself with the Van Camp & Donahue Company, with headquarters at 673 Canton Ave., Detroit, Mich. Mr. Donahue needs no introduction to the trade in the state of Michigan; that fact, coupled with the reputation of the concern that is back of him, and the strong line of varnishes for the manufacturing as well as for the architectural trades that he is representing, we are sure will cause him to be courteously received at all times.

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KNOW

PERIOD FURNITURE

By Buying and Reading

W. L. KIMERLY'S BOOK

Published by

GRAND RAPIDS FURNITURE RECORD CO.

Lumber Dried As Never Before

SEE THE DIFFERENCE

GRAND RAPIDS DRY KILN

GRAND RAPIDS VENEER WKS., SOLE MFRS., MICHIGAN

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