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312 Fourth Ave., New York City


Contents for March, 1905



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OMING by the hundreds of thousands are the Slavs. It is common to look

pessimistically upon this new invasion of the Huns, and to forget the hopeful side. The Slavs are good and bad, like other peoples. In closing an article on this subject, Miss Kate Holladay Claghorn presents this optimistic view, which will not injure any of us :

“The writer will risk just one generalization which, it is hoped, the ultimate facts will bear out, that in the case of the new immigration we shall see a repetition of the story of the old immigration we are so familiar with. First comes the ignorant and poor but industrious peasant, the young man, alone, without wife or family, For a few years he works and saves, living according to a 'standard of life' which shocks his older established neighbors, and we may guess would often shock his people at home. At first he makes plans for going back, sends his savings home, and perhaps goes back himself. But he usually returns to this country, with a wife. America has now become his home, savings are invested here, land is bought, and a little house built. The growing children are educated in American schools, learn American ways, and forcibly elevate the • standard of life' of the family. The second generation, in the fervor of its enthusiasm for change and progress becomes turbulent, unruly, and is despaired of. Out of the chaos, however, emerges a third generation, of creditable character, from whom much may be expected. Our Austrian, Hungarian and Russian newcomers are still in the first and second stages and there seems no good reason why they should not pull through successfully to the third.

“But in that endeavor we can either help or materially hinder them, according to our treatment of them, as employees, as producers, as fellow citizens. America, for her own sake, owes to the immigrant not only the opportunities for 'life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness' that she promises to every man, but a sympathetic appreciation of his humanity, and an intelligent assistance in developing it."

These are true and weighty words. What should be the attitude of our Protestant Christianity to these peoples? Here is the call to enlarged and efficient home mission effort. Most of them have been born and trained in the Greek or Roman Catholic Church. They now come within the influence of Protestantism, with its totally different ideals and civilization. They cannot escape the effects of the new environment. The children will be open to the Protestant influences, even if the parents are not. The spirit of democracy will deeply penetrate those to whom it comes as a revelation and inspiration. That spirit makes inevitably for religious as well as civil liberty. All that we have to do is to be faithful to our opportunities, and the evangelization of this new immigration will result in a thorough Americanization and a reliable citizenship that will make for the best in our development as a nation.



We may


The General Convention

any considerable expense nor involve paid “HE results of the Conference of

othicers. The representation is thoroughly American Baptists called by the

democratic, beginning with the local Home Mission Society and held in New

church, and including the Associations and

State Conventions. York January 25, during the blizzard, have been made known so widely through

As we said before the gathering was the religious papers that it is not neces

held in New York, we believe the time is sary to give the details here.

ripe for this step of brotherhood and say that all was accomplished for which unity. Protestantism has a mighty work we had looked, except in the matter of a

to do in America. It must be a body full representation from the South. The united in spirit if the work is to be acattendance was good and representative; complished, and a common country be won the spirit of the sessions was delightful;

for righteousness. The first thing is for the discussions were free and frank; the

the Baptist brethren to get together, come conclusions, reached after thorough debate

to know and appreciate one another, see and consideration,


eye to eye, and move solidly forward. reached. And there was a common senti

This is the purpose, above every other, of ment that the action taken would mean

the proposed General Convention. Let no large things for denominational progress

attention to this or that unimportant detail and unity and fraternity if the denomina

obscure this great feature. And may no tion at large in all sections of the country

untoward circumstances prevent the realiseconded the action and carried it into

zation of the best hopes of those who deeffect.

sire for our denomination the strength

and effectiveness of unity and fellowship. This action, in a word, was that a General Convention of the Baptists of North America should be organized, to meet triennially, with object to promote closer

Serious Financial Outlook fellowship between American Baptists, in

T creased denominational efficiency, and the ary 1st confirms the estimate made in spirituality and evangelistic spirit in our December of the probable deficit of the churches, and to discuss subjects bearing Society at the close of the fiscal year, April upon the missionary, educational and 1st. Within the last two months of this year philanthropic enterprises of the denomina- $258,163.35 are required to meet accruing tion, and upon the moral and spiritual wel- obligations, and to pay the indebtedness fare of society. The organization is to already upon the Society. In case reexercise no authority other than that ceipts should be no more than for the which the weight of its opinion may carry, period last year, there would be a deficit nor interfere in any way with the churches of $59,170.35. It will be remembered or the existing missionary, educational and that about $22,000 of indebtedness were other agencies of the denomination. brought over from last year, so that the

Provision was made through a committee increase for this year is about $27,000. of nine for a general meeting at St. Louis This represents chiefly the increase for next May, between the sessions of the necessary enlargement of our work in Southern Convention in Kansas City and Cuba, Porto Rico, also among the immithe anniversaries of the Northern Socie- grant populations, the Indians and some ties in St. Louis. At St. Louis the organi- western localities; also special obligations zation could be perfected. This tells the incurred in the appointment of several story. Words of approval have come from State Evangelists in co-operation with the press and from leading laymen in all State Conventions. The equipment of sections of the country. There is the several new school buildings for the least possible machinery about the pro- negroes has also been an extra expense posed organization. It need not entail

this year.







While receipts from churches have been When the laws were so amended that somewhat more than last year, yet there former appropriations by the government has been a falling off in other respects, could no longer be made, the Roman Cathso that the aggregate increase in offerings olics in charge of the matter sought for has not been equal to the increase in ap- some other way to get the public funds. propriations.

They fixed their sharp eyes on the Indian THE SOCIETY MOST EARNESTLY APPEALS trust funds, and then concocted a scheme TO CHURCHES

whereby the government might hand over LIBERAL OFFERINGS TO

these funds for their use. Politics might WHICH MIGHT COMPEL SERIOUS RETRENCH- ke relied upon to do the rest. Ex-Indian MENT OF ITS WORK.

Commissioner Jones was won over to the plan, and then the President was led to

approve the order. The matter is exceedSectarian Appropriations

ingly discreditable to all concerned. The ELSEWHERE in this number we give attitude and explanation of President

of cerning the appropriation by the govern

his best friends and supporters. The exment of Indian Trust Funds for Roman planations and subterfuges of the Roman Catholic schools. The matter has for- Catholic authorities are contemptible but tunately found wide publicity. Not a little revealing as to their aims and morale. The of scandal has become mixed up with it,

Indians have been duped, the government and the most unpleasant feature to many

has been led to take a false step, treaty will be that the chief executive is involved provisions have been disregarded, and the in a manner greatly to be regretted. All tactics of Jesuitism have been employed. patriotic citizens would like to have the But thanks to an alert Americanism, the President free from politics of this pecu- public has been made acquainted with the liar and unsavory sort, and from connec- underhanded and un-American proceeding, tion with a notorious ecclesiastical lobby and there is no doubt of the ultimate rethat hovers about the halls of Congress

sult. If more laws are necessary, more and the executive bureaus at Washington. will be passed. In this country neither

It is time that public opinion expressed ecclesiastical interference in politics nor itself unmistakably in regard to these con- sectarian appropriations of public moneys stant efforts of Roman Catholicism to in- will be tolerated, and any party that thinks troduce into America the old-world system and acts on a different assumption will of church and state which is now every

learn to its cost that the American people where discredited and decaying. When do not propose to surrender an iota of their any denomination thrusts itself into poli- dearly bought civil and religious liberty. tics it should be treated as a political and

Our Home Mission Society was among not a religious organization. When the the first to enter its protest with the PresRoman Catholics, by whatever method, ident, as our denomination is and has seek to secure public moneys for sectarian always been firmly set for absolute severuses, they should be taught summarily ance of church and state. This is a questhat the people will not tolerate such a tion of patriotism and rights, and teaches policy. The separation of church and once more the lesson that, where Roman state is a fundamental American principle. Catholicism exists with its false claims, Notwithstanding this fact, the Roman eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. Catholics are constantly claiming that a There will be no safety from this Roman portion of the public school funds belongs Catholic lobby at Washington, so far as to them for parochial schools; are trying the Indian schools are concerned, until to induce school boards to permit priests Congress passes a bill such as has been and sisters to teach religion in the schools; introduced by Representative Stephens of and at Washington for years succeeded Texas, prohibiting any legislative or exin getting public funds for the mainten- ecutive appropriation of any funds for ance of their purely sectarian schools for sectarian uses. To this end every patriot the Indians.

should exert his influence.

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