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have frequent examples *) which may oppose or abridge their usefulness as teachers of Christianity.
.. No national measure will better preserve unity in the Christian Church, and a harmony of operation in the progressive illumination of the East, than a liberal Ecclesiastical Establishment, offering eligible situations for life to the pious and industrious Teachers of Christianity.
5. The most ample toleration to be granted to all classes of Christian Missionaries in the East; and so far as the Ecclesiastical Establishment has influence, the most cordial concurrence to be afforded to the Protestant Missionaries, in all their prudent operations for the extension of Christian learning.
V. CATECHISTS AND SCHOOLMASTERS.
All the Catechists and Schoolmasters to be members of the Church of England. Their chief
*The late respected missionaries, Messrs. Cran and Des Granges (both Presbyterians), read prayers from the English Liturgy at Visagapatam; and to this judicious compliance, they were indebted for their English audience at that place, and for easier access to the natives.
business will be to teach the English language and the elements of Christian learning. An intelligent and pious Schoolmaster amongst the Half-cast race and the Hindoos, is but another term for a Chaplain or Missionary.
Europeans in humble circumstances will be glad to accept these situations of 100%, and 60%. per annum; such as serjeants in the army who have served their time, decayed traders, and others. But it may be expected, that the greater number of Schoolmasters will be derived, in the course of time, from the community of Halfcast. Young men educated regularly at the schools of the Presidency, of known and approved character, and whose latter studies have been conducted with a view to this profession, will probably form the chief body of Schoolmasters; and, eventually, of Country Chaplains in India.
VI. COLLEGES FOR SACRED LEARNING.
It is evident that the natives of India can never be qualified for ordination to the Mini
sterial Office, unless they be regularly educated for that purpose. The Hindoos have their sacred Colleges at Benares, Oujein, Trichoor, and other places. The Roman Catholics have a College at Verapoli in Travancore, which is superintended by the Italian Bishop; and there are similar institutions in other provinces.
1. It would not be consistent to propose a Religious Establishment for India, without recommending a College for religious learning. Indeed, a Theological Seminary must necessarily be a constituent part of an Ecclesiastical Establishment in a heathen country.
2. It is proposed that there shall be a College at each Presidency; to be under the general direction of the Bishop, who shall be Visitor ex officio; to consist only of three members at the commencement, viz. three of the English Chaplains; one of whom to be President of the Institution and Professor of Theology; and the other two to be Tutors. The President to have 1000l. per annum, and the Tutors 500l. each, in addition to the salary of Chaplain. The Pupils to contribute for their own instruction, when they are able to do so.
3. All persons whose views lead them to the
Sacred Office, or who wish to acquire a knowledge of Christian learning generally, to be admissible to the benefits of the institution, whether Europeans, Half-cast Christians, Mussulmans, or Hindoos.
4. In Bengal, the Theological College may be attached to the College of Fort William; for, by the primary Regulation of that institution, the Provost (being a Clergyman of the Church of England) was appointed to instruct the Students in Theology.
VII. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON THE PROPOSED ESTABLISHMENT.
1. The two chief practical advantages of the proposed Establishment are to be expected from the Bishop and the Country Chaplains: from the influence of the Bishop, on the one hand, in giving its just ascendency to the Protestant Faith in India, which it has never yet had; and from the salutary and effective labours of the subordinate teachers, on the other.
2. It is not to be concealed, that the services of the English Chaplains are almost entirely con
fined to those persons who understand the English language; and these, as we have seen, form an inconsiderable part of the Protestant body. Nor is it to be expected, that the Clergy from England should learn to preach in a new language, in advanced life. They may attain to some elementary knowledge of an Oriental language, and be able to direct others who preach in it; but they will rarely attempt to preach in it themselves.
3. It is further to be observed, that the English Clergy do not mix with that class of perThe Half-cast race are, in general, as will be shewn, in indigent circumstances and in a degraded state of existence. They live remote from the English, and assimilate much with the Hindoo natives in their manners and customs.
4. It being ascertained, then, that the chief part of the Protestants in India speak the native languages, by what means are they to be preserved in the profession of the Protestant Faith? It is manifest, that, unless we ordain to the Saered Office the Half-casts themselves, and European teachers of humble condition who will be willing to accept a Cure amongst them, the mass of the Protestant population must fall, in no long time, into the hands of the Roman Catholics, or of