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sire to bring up their sons to the Church, but are deterred by the expense of sending them home and maintaining them at the University.
The Bishop should have the liberty of attaching to his family one of the Clergy as his Chap-. lain.
4. When the King's judges were first appointed to India, the measure was opposed at home and abroad. "What!" it was exclaimed, "impose English law on a Hindoo! Restrain the liberty of the Company's servants, by the presence of a King's judge!" This was the language then. But what is the language now? We suppose there is not a man in India who will not confess that no individual measure was ever fraught with greater blessings to the country. It is not too much to predict, that the measure which introduced English Law into India, will not be more beneficial than that which introduces the English Religion.
II. THE ARCHDEACON.
1. The Archdeacon will perform certain duties of the Bishop, in his absence. His proper station will be that of chief minister of the Metropolitan Church at the Presidency; and he ought to be,
in all respects, a man worthy of succeeding to the Episcopal office. His official business will be that of visitation of the Churches and Schools throughout the Diocese; and, as travelling is expensive, his salary ought to be liberal.
2. It will be the further duty of the Archdeacon, to ascertain the increase of Protestants in the different provinces of the Diocese, and to supply Chaplains and Schoolmasters where they are wanted. He will always have at hand relative Lists of Protestants and Roman Catholics, of Members of the Church of England and Dissenters, for the information of Government. It will also be his province, to prepare, under direction of the Bishop, an Annual Report of the State of the Diocese, for transmission to England. This Report will contain the above relative Lists, and also Returns from all the Clergy specifying the duties performed by them respectively, the number of Europeans and natives who generally attend Divine service, and the number of converts for the current year; likewise Returns from the Schoolmasters, stating the number of their scholars and of what casts. This document to be transmitted to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, in order that it may be laid regularly before Parliament for the information of the
nation. It is from such authentic returns alone that Parliament can ever arrive at an adequate knowledge of the actual state of our Indian Empire.
III. EUROPEAN CHAPLAINS.
The salary proposed is 1000l. per annum. The chief object in this increase, is, the advantage which it will give for selection at home. For a less sum than 1000l. a year there can be no selection of learned and respectable characters in England. It is well known, that an Indian Chaplaincy may be offered at this time to many Clergymen before one will accept of it; and he who does accept of it is, generally, next to despondent in his expectations. For what man will relinquish a permanent situation of two or three hundred pounds a year, in his native country, for seven or eight hundred pounds in India?
The proposed stipend of 1000l. a year for European Chaplains and of 400l. and 200l. for Country Chaplains, is, all circumstances considered, very nearly analogous to Livings of 5001. and 500l. a year, and to Curacies of 100l. a year and less, in England.
It is usual, at present, in India, to remove the Chaplains at military stations, at the end of two years. But many advantages would accrue from building churches for them, and permitting the English Chaplains to be stationary. The Country Chaplains might change their place with less inconvenience.
IV. COUNTRY CHAPLAINS,
1. It is manifest that the few English Preachers in India can never instruct the mass of the population. If Christianity ever pervade that country generally, it must be by the ministra tions of the natives,
2. Duties.-The Country Chaplains will have to perform the same duties generally as the European Chaplains. They are especially intended to supply those stations throughout the Provinces, to which no Chaplain has been appointed; to attend particular regiments in quarters; to accompany military detachments on service (a duty hitherto never enjoined); to superintend the schools in their vicinity; and to visit the inland stations, viz. the residence of Judges, Collectors, and Commercial Residents; some of whom pass
half their lives in India without once hearing Divine service.
3. The epithet Country (perfectly familiar to an Indian ear), as here applied, is merely intended to signify, that these Chaplains are, in general, natives of the country, or Europeans ordained in the country of India. It is to be understood, however, that Clergymen from England may be eligible to these inferior appointments, and be regularly appointed to them, if they choose to accept of them; as, no doubt, many will.
4. It may be expected also that some of the English Missionaries may be found qualified and willing to receive Episcopal Ordination in India. The characteristic labours of a Missionary will be very little, if at all, diminished by his being attached to the Establishment. The different classes of Protestant Christians very soon lose cast (if we may use the expression) in India. Their views of things become more enlarged; to a degree, indeed, which sometimes surprises their correspondents at home; and, by frequent collision with the natives and with other Christian sects, and even by the very influence of a relaxing climate and a new state of existence in a strange country, they find less difficulty in renouncing any particular system (of which we