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ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT

In Bengal

SKETCH

BRITISH INDIA.

OF AN

35 Chaplains, at a salary, on an average,

of 800l. per annum

Stationed as follows:

Madras.

FOR

THE HONOURABLE COMPANY'S PRESENT ESTABLISHMENT OF CLERGY IN INDIA.

Bombay
Bencoolen

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. 15 Chaplains.

13

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Prince of Wales's Island. 1

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35*

L. 28,000

* See

East India Register for 1813,” p. 23.

The stipend in Bengal is rather more than 8007. In the other Presidencies, it is 600/. and 7001,

PROPOSED ESTABLISHMENT.

3 Bishops.-Bengal, Madras, and Bombay. 3 Archdeacons.

40 European Chaplains; answering to Rectors in England.

60 Country Chaplains; synonimous with Curates in England; to be chiefly Natives and Europeans ordained in India.

100 Catechists and Schoolmasters; Europeans and Natives.

3 Colleges for the instruction of Natives and Europeans intended for the Church. One in each Diocese.

Estimate.

Bishop of Bengal, or Archbishop of
India. Residence in Calcutta. Sa-
lary equal to that of Chief Justice
in Bengal; about. . . . .
Bishop of Madras. Salary equal to
that of Judge at that Presidency
Bishop of Bombay. Salary equal to
Recorder at that Presidency;

about

3 Archdeacons, at 5,000l. each

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.L.8,000

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40 English Chaplains at 1,000l.. 60 Country Chaplains; of whom 20 at 400/. each, and 40 at 2001. each. 16,000 100 Catechists and Schoolmasters; of whom 50 at 100%. each, and 50 at

601. each

3. Colleges for clerical instruction, at

2000l. per annum, each.

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CEYLON.

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40,000

8,000

6,000

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L.98,000

Deduct present Establishment... 28,000 Total Eccles'. Estab*. for Hindostan . .L.70,000

N. B. The whole expense of this Establishment would not be required for some years, since the instruction and ordination of the native Teachers can only be accomplished by slow degrees.

THE Ecclesiastical Establishment for Ceylon may, in general, be analogous to that of Hindostan : only that there being but few Europeans in that island, a smaller number of European Chaplains is required; and there being, on the other hand, a large population of Protestant natives, a much greater number of Country Chaplains, Catechists, and Schoolmasters must be appointed.-The

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whole European. Establishment which is required, in present circumstances, is, a Bishop, an Archdeacon, and seven Chaplains; there being seven principal stations in Ceylon.-The new Establishment to harmonise with the existing religious institutions on the island.

The insular Diocese of Ceylon to comprehend Java, Mauritius, and other islands.

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REMARKS.

1

1. THE principle on which this Establishment is offered to the consideration of the Legislature, and of the East-India Company, is, That, by a system of gradual native instruction, India should be able, in the lapse of time, to teach itself. This principle will be more fully explained hereafter.

2. The present number of European Chaplains, is not (in the proposed Establishment) much increased; for the increase of European Chaplains would not add much to the instruction of the natives. Provision, however, is made for Divine Service at the smaller stations, by Country Chaplains.

3. An Ecclesiastical Establishment of a very

simple nature is required in India. There is no place for Deans, Prebendaries, and Canons: Even the Romish Church has them not. There must, however, be an intermediate dignity between Bishops and Chaplains; not only for the performance of essential and appropriate duties, but to preserve some harmony of gradation in the Establishment. The office of Archdeacon will be explained hereafter.

4. The European Chaplains to be appointed, as at present, to the principal Civil and Military stations.

5. The Country Chaplains to be appointed to the subordinate stations, civil and military; and, in some cases, to be assistants to the European Chaplains; as at Cawnpore and Berhampore, where there are large bodies of English troops.

6. The Schoolmasters to be placed at all the principal and subordinate stations; and, particularly, in the vicinity of the Hindoo cities and great towns. In these places there are always some natives, who desire to learn the English language, and are ambitious to obtain a little European knowledge and Christian learning.

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