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Erects his sluices, and his mounds sustains,
And whirls perpetual windmills in his brains;
All problems has his lively thought subdu'd,
Measur❜d the stars, and found the longitude,
And squar'd the circle, and the tides explain'd;
The grand arcanum once he had attain'd,
Had quite attain'd, but that a pipkin broke,
And all his golden hopes expir'd in smoke.
And once, his soul inflam'd with patriot zeal,
A scheme he finish'd for his country's weal:
This in a private conference made known,
A statesman stole, and us'd it for his own,
And then, O baseness! the deceit to blind,
Our poor projector in this jail confin'd.
The Muse forbears to visit ev'ry cell, Each form, each object of distress to tell; To shew the fopling, curious in his dress, Gaily trick'd out in gaudy raggedness: The poet, ever wrapt in glorious dreams Of Pagan gods and Heliconian streams: The wild enthusiast, that despairing sees Predestin'd wrath, and Heaven's severe decrees! Thro' these, thro' more sad scenes she grieves to go, And paint the whole variety of woe.
Meantime, on these reflect with kind concern,
And hence this just, this useful lesson learn:
If strong desires thy reas'ning pow'rs control;
If arbitrary passions sway thy soul;
If pride, if envy, if the loss of gain,
If wild ambition in thy bosom reign,
Alas! thou vaunt'st thy sober sense in vain:
In these poor Bedlamites thyself survey,
Thyself, less innocently mad than they.
SHEPHERD AND THE PHILOSOPHER.
REMOTE from cities liv'd a swain,
Unvex'd with all the cares of gain;
His head was silver'd o'er with age,
And long experience made him sage;
In summer's heat and winter's cold,
He fed his flock, and penn'd the fold;
His hours in cheerful labour flew,
Nor envy nor ambition knew;
His wisdom, and his honest fame
Through all the country rais'd his name,
A deep Philosopher (whose rules
Of moral life were drawn from schools)
The Shepherd's homely cottage sought,
And thus explor'd his reach of thought.
Whence is thy learning? Hath thy toil O'er books consum'd the midnight oil? Hast thou old Greece and Rome survey'd, And the vast sense of Plato weigh'd? Hath Socrates thy soul refin'd, And hast thou fathom'd Tully's mind? Or, like the wise Ulysses, thrown, By various fates, on realms unknown, Hast thou through many cities stray'd, Their customs, laws, and manners weigh'd!
The Shepherd modestly reply'd,
I ne'er the paths of learning try'd;
Nor have I roam'd in foreign parts,
To read mankind, their laws and arts;
For man is practis'd in disguise,
He cheats the most discerning eyes;
Who by that search shall wiser grow,
When we ourselves can never know?
The little knowledge I have gain'd,
Was all from simple nature drain'd;
Hence my life's maxims took their rise;
Hence grew my settled hate to vice.
The daily labours of the bee
Awake my soul to industry.
Who can observe the careful ant,
And not provide for future want?
My dog (the trustiest of his kind)
With gratitude inflames my mind;
I mark his true, his faithful way,
And in my service copy Tray.
In constancy and nuptial love,
I learn my duty from the dove;
The hen who from the chilly air,
With pious wing protects her care;
And ev'ry fowl that flies at large,
Instructs me in a parent's charge.
From nature too I took my rule,
To shun contempt and ridicule.
I never with important air,
In conversation overbear.
Can and formal
When men the solemn owl despise ?
My tongue within my lips I rein;
For who talks much, must talk in vain.
We from the wordy torrent fly;
Who listens to the chatt'ring pie?
Nor would I, with felonious flight,
By stealth invade my neighbour's right.
Rapacious animals we hate;
Kites, hawks, and wolves, deserve their fate.
Do not we just abhorrence find
Against the toad and serpent kind?
But envy, calumny, and spite,
Bear stronger venom in their bite.
Thus ev'ry object of creation
Can furnish hints to contemplation;
And from the most minute and mean,
A virtuous mind can morals glean.
Thy fame is just, the sage replies;
Thy virtues prove thee truly wise.
Pride often guides the author's pen;
Books as affected are as men:
But he who studies nature's laws,
From certain truth his maxims draws:
And those, without our schools, suffice
To make men moral, good, and wise.