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CONTENTS.

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Introduction.
Review of Stephens' Arabia Petræa
A Synopsis of Natural History
Tortesa, the Usurer
Undine
Hyperion : A Romance
George P. Morris
The Canons of Good Breeding
The Damsel of Darien .
An Address delivered before the Goethean and

Diagnothian Societies of Marshall College
Alciphron : A Poem
Voices of the Night
Sacred Philosophy of the Seasons
A Notice of William Cullen Bryant .
Memoirs and Letters of Madame Malibran
Mercedes of Castile
The Dream, and Other Poems
The Antediluvians ; or, The World Destroyed
The Tower of London.
Visits to Remarkable Places : Battlefields, Cathe-

drals, Castles, etc. .

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Night and Morning
Sketches of Conspicuous Living Characters of France
Writings of Charles Sprague .
- The Old Curiosity Shop, and Other Tales .
Master Humphrey's Clock
Critical and Miscellaneous Essays
Corse de Leon ; or, The Brigand
Powhatan : A Metrical Romance
A Grammar of the English Language, in a Series

of Letters
The Works of Lord Bolingbroke
Biography and Poetical Remains of the Late Mar-

garet Miller Davidson
Incidents of Travel in Central America, etc.
The Quacks of Helicon : A Satire
Life and Literary Remains of L. E. L.
Joseph Rushbrook ; or, The Poacher
Life of Petrarch .
The Pic Nic Papers
Ten Thousand a Year .
The Critical and Miscellaneous Writings of Sir

Edward Lytton Bulwer.
Guy Fawkes ; or, The Gunpowder Treason
Poetical Remains of the Late Lucretia Maria

Davidson

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INTRODUCTION.

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The present arrangement of Poe's critical writings would be unintelligible even to Poe specialists familiar with the Griswold arrangement without some explanatory remarks.

Readers of Poe have been so long accustomed to the nomenclature of Griswold that they will with difficulty - possibly with disfavour — understand the original titles given by the author himself. The immense injustice done to Poe in rechristening his miscellaneous work will be obvious if we give an example or two. Thus, by way of illustration, in the inviting section dubbed “Minor Contemporaries"

Literary Criticism” in recent editions, but catalogued indiscriminately « The Literati" by Griswold

” in his third volume, one meets with such headings as « William Cullen Bryant,

- Nathaniel Hawthorne, “ James Russell Lowell,” “J. Fenimore Cooper,"

• “Thomas Babington Macaulay,” « Elizabeth Barrett Browning,” etc. Turning to the names, one finds, not an elaborate biographical or character study such as these headings would lead a reader to expect, but sometimes a cursory sketch, a passing criticism on some ephemeral publication, a page or two of caustic comment on some stray collection of prose or verse. In a dozen instances it is not the man himself or the woman that Poe is discussing, but a novel, a poem, a collection of essays and miscellanies, to which are occasionally attached personal comments and reminiscences.

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The thirty or forty reviews and sketches of our Volumes X. and XI. appear with Poe's own titles affixed to them.

We find it well to cite another difficulty with which the Poe student may be confronted, not in identifying Poe with Griswold, but in identifying Griswold with Poe. For example, in the articles on Hawthorne and the poetical Davidson sisters — not to mention others

Griswold (followed by recent editors) has proceeded in a peculiar manner with the original matter, Leaving aside the utter incompleteness of the Hawthorne critique, Griswold has taken the review of Hawthorne in Godey's Lady's Book for November, 1847, split it open, inserted another review of Hawthorne from Graham's Magazine for May, 1842, mutilated the latter, and then continued with the tail fragment of the 1847 review as colophon, thus dissecting Poe's later paper on the New England writer and inserting scraps and fragments from one written five years earlier.

The case of the Davidson sisters is almost as unique. Two reviews written by Poe five months apart are blended under the title “ Margaret Miller and Lucretia

" Maria Davidson,” without an indication of their source, date, or order. A recent follower of Griswold does indeed furnish a note supplying the chronological data, and inserts the space of one omitted line between the two reviews, but makes no attempt to restore these reviews to their original integrity, or to indicate that they were not integral continuations one of the other.

An edition which goes back of Griswold to the ground-rock of Poe himself is bound to do much of this picking to pieces, restoration, exhumation of the entombed Poe, and removal of the mass of superincum

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bent accretion that has overgrown him and his works during the last fifty years. This is an ungracious and a gigantic task, considering the immense bulk of Poe's work and the absolute critical neglect, under which, with the exception of the “ Poems,” it has so long lain.

In selecting the reviews of the middle period of Poe's critical activity, the editor has been guided by the important · letter to Burton (editor of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine) in which Poe mentions specially the date and amount of his work during the twelvemonth from July to June, 1839–1840 ; by Poe's general correspondence and the internal evidence of the reviews themselves ; by the history of his editorial connection with Graham's Magazine, which succeeded Burton's and « The Casket, contains editorial notes and references for 1841, 1842, 1843, and 1844, confirming Poe's authorship of certain reviews; and by Poe's constant reference to previous review work along the same lines, or in connection with the same writers as those under consideration. The exceeding brilliancy and power of the reviews of the Middle Period show Poe at his ripest, and have made the labour of collecting and editing them almost a welcome one. Travels, novels, romances, history, essays, scientific memoirs, poems, addresses, pass under his swift and unerring eye. A rich intellectual force was freely expended on these forty critiques and sketches, many of which laid the foundations of critical writing in America and showed the potency of a fearless and independent pen.

In one of these reviews alone does Poe seem to have obtained help from others the

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of Hebrew learning in his notice of Stephens' “ Arabia Petræa,” which was due to the assisting pen of Professor Charles Anthon.

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