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TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

[graphic]

16. 94 15.95

17.07 15. 50

15. 57 16.40

13. 91 18.08

19. 63 24.36 20.00 20.37

23. 26 24. 55

22.12 19. 66

24.00 23. 61

23. 18 19. 63

24. 41 24. 45

27.96 20.58

15. 76 16. 41

TEXTILES. 20 Linen: 1907

(280 cases).. 1897

-(202 cases).. 21 North German textile. 1907.

.(546 cases).. 1897.

(343 cases). 22 South German textile: 1907.

(291 cases).. 1897

(228 cases).. 23 Silesian textile: 1907

.(187 cases).. 1897

(181 cases).. 24 Alsace-Lorraine textile: 1907

(227 cases). 1897.

(203 cases).. 25 Rhineland-Westphalian textile: 1907

(440 cases).. 1897

(387 cases).. 26 Saxony textile: 1907.

(675 cases).. 1897

(782 cases).. 27 Silk: 1907

.(93 cases).. 1897.

(68 cases).. 28 Paper making: 1907..

(793 cases).. 1897

-(592 cases).. 29 Paper products: 1907

-(500 cases).. 1897

(271 cases).. 30 Leather: 1907

(537 cases).. 1897

(292 cases).. WOODWORKING. 31 Saxony woodworking: 1907.

(484 cases). 1897

(252 cases). 32 North German woodworking: 1907..

.(3,344 cases).. 1897.

(1,872 cases).. 33 Bavarian woodworking: 1907

.(631 cases).. 1897.

(392 cases). . 34 Southwest German woodworking: 1907

.(821 cases). 1897

(352 cases). 35 Flour milling: 1907.

(1,027 cases).. 1897..

(1,007 cases).. 36 Food products: 1907.

-(789 cases).. 1897.

(340 cases).. 37 Sugar: 1907.

(508 cases).. 1897.

(509 cases 38 Dairying, distilling, and starch: 1907

(409 cases). -(360 cases).

18.03 18. 22

17.75 13. 83

19. 16 20. 63

16. 51 16.10

14. 44 16.07

15. 67 14. 49

15. 58 16.58

17.74 16.66

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TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

[graphic]

18.52 17.54

18. 34 17. 66

14.71 19.44

18.06 16. 33

14.85 15. 71

15. 15 15. 36

16.03 18. 10

12.95 12.85

15. 35 17.21

17.27 19.75

B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIATIONS—Contd. 39 Brewing and malting: 1907

(1,608 cases).. 3.81 1897.

(1,142 cases) 4.09 40 Tobacco: 1907

-(81 cases).. 1897

-(57 cases).. 41 Clothing: 1907

(676 cases).. .75 1897

(295 cases).. 1.38 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907.

-(34 cases). 1897.

(38 cases). BUILDING TRADES (NOT INCLUDING IN

STITUTES). 43 Hamburg building trades: 1907

-(505 cases).. .40 1897..

(302 cases).. 2.33
44 Northeast building trades:
1907

.(1,927 cases).. .26
1897
..(1,680 cases)..

.24
45 Silesian-Posen building trades:
1907

.(1,084 cases).. 1897.

(717 cases).. . 56 46 Hanover building trades: 1907

(629 cases).. .64 1897.

(457 cases).. 47 Magdeburg building trades: 1907

(389 cases).. 1.04 1897

(179 cases). .56 48 Saxony building trades: 1907.

.(1,109 cases). .73 1897

.(767 cases

.13 49 Thuringian building trades: 1907

(391 cases). 52 1897

(239 cases). 50 Hessen-Nassau building trades: 1907.

(694 cases).. .14 1897..

-(474 cases). 51 Rhineland - Westphalian building

trades:
1907.

(1,855 cases).. 1.46
1897
(1,063 cases).

. 56
52 Wurttemberg building trades:
1907

(583 cases). 1897

.(403 cases). . 50 53 Bavarian building trades: 1907

-(1,149 cases). 62 1897

-(1,175 cases).. 54 Southwest building trades: 1907.

.(716 cases). . . 56 1897..

(474 cases 55 Printing and publishing: 1907.

.( 428 cases). 2. 57 1897...

- (252 cases).. 1. 59 56 Private railways: 1907.

(168 cases).

5. 39 1897

(125 cases)

7. 43 57 Street and small railroads: 1907.

(485 cases).. 11. 20 1897.

.(168 cases).. 9. 82 58 Express and storage: 1907

.(3,932 cases).. 1. 67 1897.

(1,426 cases). 2. 68 59 Livery, drayage, cartage, etc: 1907.

(2,500 cases).. 4. 89 1897

(1,242 cases).. 4. 75 INLAND NAVIGATION. 60 West German inland navigation: 1907..

..(276 cases). 6.57 1897....

..(155 cases).. 8. 40 61 Elbe inland navigation: 1907.

(325 cases). 5. 26 1897

(216 cases) 7.55

16.57 15.01

17.15 14.97 17.21 15. 67

16. 70 16.89

14.99 18.14

20.79 18.65

20. 36 19.83 11.83 18. 40

16.03 16. 51

16.98 14. 25

12.77 13.55

18.27
14.62

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TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Concluded.

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62 | East German inland navigation: 1907...

(152 cases).. 1897.

(156 cases).. 63 Marine navigation (not including in

stitute):
1907.

.(459 cases)..
1897...

-(397 cases). 64 Engineering, excavating, etc. (not in

cluding institute):
1907

(2,143 cases)..
1897.

(1,226 cases).. 65 Meat products: 1907.

(1,120 cases).. 1897..

(329 cases).. 66 Blacksmithing, etc. 1907.

.(929 cases).. 1897

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C. PUBLIC AUTHORITIES.
Establishments of the naval adminis-
tration:
1907..

.(105 cases)..
1897.

(86 cases)..
Establishments of the military admin-
istration:
1907..

.(157 cases)..
1897.

.(190 cases).. Postal and telegraph administration: 1907.

.(122 cases)..
1897..

..(54 cases)..
Railway administration:
1907.

.(3,316 cases)..
1897.

-(2,233 cases)..
Dredging, towing, etc.:
1907

(79 cases)..
1897.

(52 cases).
Building operations (States and Em-
pire):
1907.

(248 cases)..
1897.

(188 cases)
Marine navigation:
1907.

.(1 case)..
1897.

.(5 cases)
Building operations of local govern-
ments:
1907.

.(505 cases).
1897

(262 cases).

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1 Included in associations 4 to 11.

HOUR OF THE DAY.

Table 6 shows the distribution of the accidents throughout the various hours of the day, and in addition gives the proportion occurring on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon. În connection with this table attention should be called to Table '10, which shows the number of hours the injured person had been at work on the day when the accident occurred.

In Table 6 the day is divided into eight periods of three hours each; the result of this division is that there are only four periods for the time comprised between 6 a. m. and 6 p. m. As was to be expected, the last period of the morning and the second period of the afternoon show the highest proportion of the accidents, in each case in 1907 and with but one exception in 1897, the first half being approximately 50 per cent of the proportion occurring in the second half of the day. Approximately 55 per cent of the accidents occur in the periods 9 to 12 a. m. and 3 to 6 p. m.; some of the groups of industries show an even more striking concentration of the accidents in the last period of the morning and in the second period of the afternoon; thus the metal-working association for south Germany (association 12) had 37.23 per cent of its accidents in the period 9 to 12 a. m.; the brewing and malting group (association 39) in 1897 had 43.75 per cent of its accidents in the period 9 to 12 a. m. Especial interest attaches to the accident rates on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon; in the period 6 to 9 a. m. on Monday 2.56 per cent of the accidents occur. This is at the rate of 0.85 per cent per hour in this period. In the afternoon many of the associations had a high proportion of the accidents in the period between 3 and 6 o'clock. Thus the Hamburg Building Trades Association (association 43) had 36.51 per cent of the accidents at this period; in fact the building trades are conspicuous by the concentration of accidents in the second period of the afternoon.

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The columns showing the accidents on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon emphasize the statements already made concerning the higher proportion of accidents occurring in these periods.

The best method of comparing the Monday and Saturday accidents with the other days of the week is to deduct the Monday or Saturday percentage from the percentages given in the first eight columns of the table and to assume that the remainder represents the proportion of accidents occurring on the other five days of the week; by this procedure the 2.52 per cent of the accidents occurring on Sunday is credited to the percentage computed for the five days other than Monday or Saturday and makes the contrast less than it actually is. In 1907, during the period 6 to 9 a. m. on Monday, 2.56 per cent of the accidents occurred, as contrasted with 2.26 per cent for the 6 to 9 period for the other five days of the week, or more than one-eighth higher; during the period 9 to 12 a. m. Monday, 4.78 per cent of the accidents occurred, as compared with 4.73 per cent for the other five days of the week, or slightly higher than the average. The higher rate on Monday morning was conspicuous during the early part of the forenoon. In 1897 the per cent of accidents occurring in the period 6 to 9 Monday morning was 2.34, as compared with 2.29 for the other five days; in the period 9 to 12 Monday morning, 4.84 per cent of the accidents occurred while during the other five days it was 4.94. The concentration of the accidents on Monday morning, therefore, was greater in 1907 than in 1897.

In 1907, on Saturday afternoon, the proportion of accidents occurring in the period 3 to 6 was 4.48 per cent, as compared with 4.37 per cent on the other five days of the week, or a difference of 0.11 per cent; in the period 6 to 9 p. m., however, the proportion on Saturday was 1.45 per cent, while on the other five days it was 1.56 per cent, or 0.11 per cent higher. In 1897 the per cent of accidents occurring during the period 3 to 6 on Saturday afternoon was 4.69 as compared with 4.34 on the other five days, or a difference of 0.35 per cent. For the period 6 to 9 the per cent of accidents was 1.55, while for the other five days it was 1.76 per cent, or 0.21 per cent higher. In 1907 the excess of accidents on Saturday afternoon was less than in 1897; while the 3 to 6 Saturday afternoon period shows an improvement in this respect during the 10-year interval, the concentration on Monday morning in 1907 has increased.

TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED. [Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. 1 Beiheft, I Teil. Gewerbe-Unfall

statistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 300 to 308.)

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.87

A. TOTALS.
Grand total:

1907.....(81,248 cases).. 1.93 2.55 13.87 28.42 13.81 26.32 9.25 3.85 2.56 4.78 4.48 1.45

1897 (45,971 cases).. 1.37 2.26 13.79 29.52 12.67 26. 39 10.36 3.64 2.34 4.84 4.69 1.55 Industrial accident associa

tions (not including in-
stitutes):
1907.....(75,370 cases).. 1.80 2.34 13.89 28.41 13.86 26.59 9.31 3.80 2.57 4.80 4.48 1.47

1897. .(41,746 cases).. 1.32 2.26 13.86 29.61 12.61 26.37 10.51 3.46 2.384.88 4.66 1.57 Subsidiary institutes of

building trades, engineer-
ing, and navigation acci-
dent associations:

1907......(1,345 cases).. 1.07 .77 12.36 32.08 15.50 31.24 6.21 77 2.08 4.83 5.80 .74
1897... ..(1,155 cases).

12. 81 32.02 15.00 31.47 8.05 .65 1.56 5.54 5. 63| Public authorities:

1907. .....(4,533 cases).. 4.32 6. 44 13.82 27.56 12.50 20.51 9.06 5.79 2.54 4. 48 3.97 1. 28

1897 (3,070 cases).. 2.58 3.07 13.15 27.30 12.80 24.86 9.24 7.00 2.08 3.94 4.69 1.56 B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS. 1 Mining:

1907.....(11,381 cases).. 5.90 5.34 14.77 23.81 13.90 13.86 11.95 10.47 3.59 3.64 2.17) 1.97

1897 (5,670 cases). . 4.12 5.46 14.57 28.28 12.90 13.63 11.21 9.83 2.73 4.53 2.42 2.05 2 Quarrying:

1907 -(2,677 cases) 84 1.60 15.49 26.67 14.38 30.68 7.78 2.56 2.69 4.59 5.72 1.27

1897.. (1,544 cases). .98 .70 13.87 30.77 13.73 30.17 8.08 1.70 2.06 4.38 5.28 1.61 3 Fine mechanical products:

1907. -(1,481 cases) .90 .48 14.27 33.56 15.30 26.60 6.89 2.00 2.90 5.13 4.93 1.35 1897 (567 cases). .90 10.39 33.15 15.41 29.39 8.06 1.80 1.59 6.17 5.47) .35

IRON AND STEEL, 1 4 South German iron and

steel:

1907... ...(2,105 cases).. .48 1.15 15.19 29.55 13.26 31.91 7.35 1.11 2.28 4.99 4.94.90

1897......(1,093 cases) .38 1.54 13.94 31.06 11.35 29.23 10.19 2.31 2.104.67 5.76 2.38 5 Southwest German iron: 1907. -(821 cases) 2.32 7.46 13.81 24.82 14.30 18.09 10.64 8.56 2.92 3.65 3.78 1.58 (301 cases 4.421 5.10 11.56 27.55) 11.20 20.75 9.18 10.24 1.001 6.31 3.65 1.00

i Including blacksmithing, etc. 85048°-Bull. 92–11—3.

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