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The following table shows the principal facts concerning strikes in 1907, classified according to methods of settlement:
STRIKES, BY METHODS OF SETTLEMENT.
hence (Where two or more methods of settlement have been employed, the data were reported in each case,
the totals for this table do not agree with those for other tables.)
LOCKOUTS.—There were 16 lockouts reported in 1907, involving 59 establishments and affecting 3,508 persons. The most important lockout, with regard to the number of establishments and persons involved, occurred in the cigar industry. This lockout, which was sympathetic in character, involved 2,800 persons, employed in 37 establishments, and lasted 42 days. Eight other lockouts in the cigar industry affected 15 establishments, employing 111 persons, and caused a loss of 4,010 working-days. A lockout in the metal-working industry involved 304 persons and caused a loss of 608 working-days. Of 15 lockouts for which the facts were reported, 4 terminated favorably to the employers, 3 terminated favorably to the employees, and 5 were compromised. In 2 of the 3 remaining cases the results were indefinite and in 1 the result was unknown.
In 1908 there were reported 27 lockouts, affecting 1,515 workmen in 155 establishments. The time lost by the workmen locked out was 34,979 days, besides 6,287 days lost by others thrown out of employment on account of the lockouts. Of the 27 lockouts, 10, affecting 147 workmen, were among cigarmakers; 5, affecting 714 workmen, were in textile industries; and 1, affecting 365 workmen, was directed against engineers and firemen on steamboats. Questions of wages caused 7 lockouts, and a like number arose from disputes relative to the acceptance by employers of new contracts, while disputes as to trade unions occasioned 4 lockouts. From the employers' standpoint, 6 lockouts succeeded, 14 succeeded partly, and 4 failed.
In 2 cases the results were doubtful.
Estadística de las Huelgas, 1907. Instituto de Reformas Sociales.
1908. 162 pp.
The present volume is the third report on strikes in Spain published by the Institute of Social Reform of that country. The data contained in the report relate to strikes occurring during the year 1907.
The number of employees in establishments involved in strikes, the number of strikes, and the number of strikers are shown in the following table, by sex of persons affected and by industries:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES, 1907.
1 Not reported. During the year there were 118 strikes reported, in which 12,671 strikers were involved, of whom 11,920 were males and 751 were females. The largest number of strikers in any one industry was found in the building trades, which furnished 31 per cent of all
strikers reported; one other strike, industry not specified, furnished 15.5 per cent, while mining and quarrying furnished 13.9 per cent of the total number of strikers.
The following table shows the strikes and strikers by industries and results: STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND RESULTS, 1907.
Strikers in strikes
39 12 27 Mining and quarrying.
11 1,756 195 139 1, 422 Salt works. Textiles...
1, 253 477 38 Leather, hides, etc.
418 Woodworking.. Metal working Ceramics. Chemicals..
16 125 Foods and drinks.
270 Furniture. Building
3,932 3, 257 635 Vehicles..
75 Printing, art trades, etc.
305 Marine transportation...
148 Street transportation, etc.
90 Other industries......
16 59 12, 671
5, 285 1,186 6,200
Of the 118 strikes reported, 43, or 36.4 per cent, were successful, 16, or 13.6 per cent, were partially successful, and 59, or 50 per cent, failed. The number of strikers involved in strikes which were successful was 5,285, or 41.7 per cent of all strikers; in the strikes which were partly successful the number was 1,186, or 9.4 per cent of all strikers; and in strikes which failed it was 6,200, or 48.9 per cent of all strikers. In the building trades, which furnished the largest number of strikers, 82.8 per cent of the strikers were in strikes which were successful, 16.2 per cent were in strikes which
ere partly successful, and 1 per cent were in strikes which failed.
The following table shows the number of strikes, strikers, and the strikes in which employees and employers were organized, classified according to duration of strikes : STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION, 1907.
Strikes in whichDays of duration.
Strikes. Strikers. Employees Employers
Of the 118 strikes, 65, or 55.1 per cent, involving 69.6 per cent of all strikers, lasted less than 11 days. In the 14 strikes, involving 1,013 strikers, which lasted longer than 30 days, the employees were organized in 13 instances and the employers in 7 instances.
The two following tables show the results of strikes and the days of duration, classified according to method of settlement:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY RESULTS AND METHODS OF SETTLEMENT, 1907.
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION AND METHODS OF SETTLEMENT, 1907.
The group of strikes settled by the intervention of the authorities furnished the largest number of strikes and strikers in 1907. Of the strikers in such strikes, 3,911, or 55.2 per cent, were in strikes which were successful; 681, or 9.6 per cent, were in strikes which were partially successful; and 2,496, or 35.2 per cent, were in strikes which failed. As to duration, 64.6 per cent of the strikers engaged in strikes settled in this manner were in strikes which lasted 10 days and under, 23.5 per cent were in strikes lasting from 11 to 30 days, and 11.9 per cent were in strikes which continued longer than 30 days.
The results of strikes, classified according to cause, are shown in the following table:
It is seen from the foregoing table that the largest number of strikers participated in strikes concerning hours of labor. This cause alone furnished 30.4 per cent of all strikers for the year. Strikes resulting from wage disputes furnished 20 per cent of all strikers, and strikes in sympathy with other strikes furnished 18.6 per cent of all strikers. Of the strikes due to hours of labor, 70 per cent were successful, 10 per cent partly successful, and 20 per cent failed. The cause for the largest number of strikes was wage disputes, which alone furnished 28 per cent of all strikes; and it, where it occurred as a factor in combination with other causes, formed 34.7 per cent of all disputes. The cause next in importance as regards number of strikes was employment or discharge of employees, which furnished 24.6 per cent of all strikes.
Arbetsinställelser i Sverige under år 1908. Utgifven af K. Kom
merskollegii afdelning för arbetsstatistik. 1909. 130 pp.
This report covers strikes and lockouts occurring in Sweden in 1908, and follows the plan of a report covering the years 1902 to 1907, a digest of which appeared in Bulletin No. 86. The data pre sented are in the form of tables with general discussion and detailed accounts of a number of the more important disputes. Forms of the schedules of inquiry used are also given.
There were 302 labor disputes during the year, of which 229 were strikes, 38 were lockouts, and 35 are reported as mixed or indefinite.