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RECENT FOREIGN STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS.
AUSTRIA. Die Arbeitseinstellungen und Aussperrungen in Österreich während
des Jahres 1908. Herausgegeben vom k. k. Arbeitsstatistischen Amte im Handelsministerium. 169, 308 pp.
This volume contains the fifteenth annual report of the Austrian Government on strikes and lockouts. The information, which is compiled by the Austrian Bureau of Labor Statistics, is given in the form of an analysis and six tables showing: (1) Strikes according to geographical distribution; (2) strikes according to industries; (3) general summary of strikes; (4) comparative summary of strikes for the 10-year period 1899–1908; (5) details for each strike in 1908; (6) details for each lockout in 1908. An appendix gives a brief review of industrial and labor conditions in Austria, statistics of trade unions, and notes concerning the strikes and lockouts reported in the preceding pages of the report.
STRIKES IN 1908.—The number of strikes and the number of establishments affected by strikes, as well as the number of strikers and the number of persons affected by the strikes, show a marked decrease as compared with 1907. The number of strikes during 1908 was 721; the number of establishments affected was 2,702; the number of persons employed in these establishments was 135,871, and of this number 78,562 went on strike. Of the 78,562 persons on strike, 3,771 were dismissed and 3,304 found other work after the strike.
The average number of strikers to each strike in 1908 was 109, as compared with 163 in 1907, 142 in 1906, and the number of strikes as compared with the number of establishments affected was in the proportion of 1 to 3.7, as compared with 5.6 in 1907 and in 1906. In other words, the strikes of 1908, measured by the number of establishments affected by a strike, and the average number of strikers for each strike, were considerably less important in 1908 than in either 1907 or 1906.
The introduction to the report calls attention to the fact that estimates of the losses occasioned by the strikes must be accepted only with many reservations. On this basis the wage loss of 78,562 strikers, who were out 1,011,036 days, is estimated at 3,083,000 crowns ($625,849); of this amount 147,800 crowns ($30,003) was caused by the strikes which were successful, 1,920,800 crowns ($389,922) by the partly successful strikes, and 1,014,400 crowns ($205,924) by the strikes which failed. In addition 7,810 persons not on strike were thrown out of work, and their loss in wages is estimated to have been 227,000 crowns ($46,081).
The number of lockouts in 1908 was 35, as compared with 26 in 1907.
The following table shows by industries the number of strikes, the number of establishments affected, the number of strikers, etc., for the year 1908:
STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, STRIKERS, AND OTHER EMPLOYEES
THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1908.
The industries in which the largest number of strikes occurred were the building trades with 145 strikes, quarrying with 95 strikes, and mining and metallurgical with 81 strikes. Each of three other groups had over 50 strikes; textiles with 59, metal working 58, and woodworking, caoutchouc, etc., 53. In each of the following industries more than 5,000 workers were on strike: Mining, etc., industries with 26,803 strikers, building trades industries with 12,664 strikers, textile industries with 7,284 strikers, and quarrying, etc., industries with 5,939 strikers. These four industries included 52,690 strikers, or 67.2 per cent of the total number of strikers.
The following table shows the causes of strikes for 1908, by industries:
STRIKES BY INDUSTRIES AND CAUSES OR OBJECTS, 1908. (Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the industry totals of this
table, if computed, would not agree with those of the preceding table.)
As in previous years, the demands of the strikers were most frequently for increase of wages and for reduction of hours, the first demand occurring in 490 strikes and the second in 138 strikes.
The following table shows the number of strikes and of strikers in each group of industries in 1908 by results:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND RESULTS, 1908.
The following table shows the number of strikes and of strikers in 1908 according to duration and results:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION AND RESULTS, 1908.
STRIKES DURING FIFTEEN YEARS.—The summaries for the years 1894 to 1908 were compiled partly from the report for 1908 and partly from previous reports. The following table shows the number of strikes and strikers, establishments affected, and working-days lost in Austria for the period during which the Ministry of Commerce has published reports on strikes:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, AND WORKING-DAYS LOST,
BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.