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pendents or survivors of insured workers (97 Stat. 134); made half of social security benefits received by nonresident aliens taxable (97 Stat. 82); made nonresident aliens ineligible for a tax credit for the elderly and the permanently and totally disabled (97 Stat. 87); and required the printing of social security cards on counterfeitresistant banknote paper (97 Stat. 137).

2. P.L. 98-116, the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 1984 (October 11, 1983; 97 Stat. 795), prohibited the use of funds for illegal aliens (97 Stat. 799).

3. P.L. 98-135, the Federal Supplemental Compensation Amendments of 1983 (October 24, 1983; 97 Stat. 857), amended section 3306(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code to extend until January 1, 1986 the period during which employers are not required to pay Federal unemployment tax on the wages of temporary alien farmworkers admitted under sections 101(aX15)(H) and 214(c) of the INA (97 Stat. 860).

4. P.L. 98–151, the Further Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1984 (November 14, 1983; 97 Stat. 964), appropriated $30 million for the education of "immigrant” children, including undocumented aliens (97 Stat. 973); and continued in effect the Government-wide ban against the employment of noncitizens with specified exceptions (97 Stat. 982).

5. P.L. 98-166, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1984 (November 28, 1983; 97 Stat. 1071), prohibited the use of Legal Service Corporation funds during FY 1984 for most aliens not admitted for lawful permanent residence (97 Stat. 1090).

6. P.L. 98-181, the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1984 (November 30, 1983; 97 Stat. 1153), included a 1-year suspension of section 214 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 prohibiting financial assistance to nonimmigrants or undocumented aliens (97 Stat. 1239).

7. P.L. 98-369, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 (July 18, 1984; 98 Stat. 494), amended the Internal Revenue Code to include a statutory definition of resident and nonresident aliens (98 Stat. 672).

8. P.L. 98-411, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985 (August 30, 1984; 98 Stat. 1545), prohibited the use of Legal Services Corporation funds during FY 1985 for most aliens not admitted for lawful permanent residence (98 Stat. 1563).

9. P.L. 98-473, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1985 (October 12, 1984; 98 Stat. 1837), authorized and appropriated funds for refugee and Cuban/Haitian assistance and for emergency immigrant education, continued the Government-wide ban against employment of noncitizens with specified exceptions (98 Stat. 1963); and continued the ban against the use of military construction funds for illegal aliens (98 Stat. 1881).

10. P.L. 98-511, the Education Amendments of 1984 (October 19, 1984; 98 Stat. 2366), included in title VI, the "Emergency Immigrant Education Act of 1984”, a 5 year authorization, 1985-1989, of assistance for local education agencies for alien children enrolled in elementary or secondary schools (98 Stat. 2401). IV. 99th CONGRESS, 1985-1986 A. Legislation Amending the INA

1. P.L. 99-169, the Intelligence Authorization Act (December 4, 1985; 99 Stat. 1002), amended section 316 of the INA to facilitate naturalization of certain foreign intelligence sources (99 Stat. 1007).

2. P.L. 99-396 (August 27, 1986; 100 Stat. 837) amended section 212(1) of the INA relating to a waiver of the nonimmigrant visa requirement for Guam (100 Stat. 842); and sections 308 and 341 of the INA relating to U.S. non-citizen national status (100 Stat. 842, 843).

3. P.L. 99-500, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1987 (October 18, 1986), amended section 286 of the INA to require immigration inspection fees.

4. P.L. 99-505 (October 21, 1986), amended section 101(AX15)(D) of the INA to permit alien crewmen on U.S.-based fishing vessels to stop temporarily at ports in Guam.

5. P.L. 99-570, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 (October 27, 1986) amended sections 212(a)(23) and 241(a)(11) of the INA to broaden the excludability

and deportability of alien drug offenders; and section 287 of the INA relating to INS custody of illegal alien drug offenders.

6. P.L. 99-603, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (November 6, 1986), amended the INA to provide for employer sanctions, legalization, and agricultural worker programs, among other things.

7. P.L. 99-605, the Refugee Assistance Extension Act of 1986 (November 6, 1986), amended title IV of the INA to authorize appropriations for refugee assistance through FY 1988, and to amend the terms under which it is provided.

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8. P.L. 99-639, the Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 (November 10, 1986), consisted of a series of amendments to the INA intended to deter immigration-related marriage fraud.

9. P.L. 99-653, the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1986 (November 14, 1986), consisted of a series of amendments to the INA popularly referred to as the State Department consular efficiency amendments. B. Legislation Affecting the INA and INS Operations

1. P.L. 99–180, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1986 (December 13, 1985; 99 Stat. 1136), appropriated $593,800,000 for FY 1986 (99 Stat. 1144). Additionally, it appropriated $5 million to reimburse State for incarcerated Cubans (99 Stat. 1146), and $7.1 million for a facility to incarcerate illegal alien felons (99 Stat. 1145).

2. P.L. 99-190, the Further Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1986 (December 19, 1985; 99 Stat. 1185), authorized and appropriated funds for refugee and Cuban/ Haitian assistance (99 Stat. 1315).

3. P.L. 99-328 (May 28, 1986; 100 Stat. 505) allowed qualified persons representing all of the States to be naturalized on Ellis Island on July 3 or 4, 1986.

4. P.L. 99-353 (July 2, 1986; 100 Stat. 755) designated July 4, 1986 as “National Immigrants Day”.

5. P.L. 99-500, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1987 (October 18, 1986) appropriated $593,000,000 for IŇS, appropriated $5 million to reimburse States for incarcerated Cubans, and authorized and appropriated funds for refugee and Cuban/Haitian assistance.

6. P.L. 99-570, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 (October 27, 1986), required INS to establish a four-city pilot program to improve INS and police computer capabilities to respond to drug-related inquiries (section 1751); required a comprehensive information system to facilitate visa denial to drug traffickers (section 2011); and required Defense Department cooperation with INS (sections 1601 and 3057).

7. P.L. 99-603, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (November 6, 1986) includes a number of provisions which either amend laws other than the INA (e.g., requirements for verification of immigration status for aliens applying for certain benefits), or are freestanding (e.g., section 204, State legalization impact-assistance grants).

8. H. Res. 314 (November 12, 1985), expressed the sense of the House that the President should investigate the Miroslav Medvid case to prevent a similar mishandling of a political asylum case.

9. H. Res. 409 (May 20, 1986) expressed the sense of the House that the Attorney General should investigate Kurt Waldheim's World War II activities to determine whether he should be denied admission to the United States.

10. S. Con. Res. 143 expresssed the sense of the Congress on the resumption of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Orderly Departure Program for Vietnam.

11. S. Res. 185 (July 10, 1985) expressed the sense of the Senate that the Cuban Government was thwarting Cubans' human rights by suspending the U.S.-Cuban immigration agreement in retaliation for U.S. broadcasting to Cuba.

12. S. Res. 353 (March 13, 1986) expressed the sense of the Senate that the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe should investigate the Medvid defection attempt. C. Legislation Regulating Alien Participation in Federal Assistance Programs and

Other Federal Activities 1. P.L. 99-173, the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 1986 (December 10, 1985; 99 Stat. 1024), continued the ban against the use of funds for illegal aliens (99 Stat. 1028).

2. P.L. 99–180, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1986 (December 13, 1985; 99 Stat. 1136), continued the prohibition against the use of Legal Services Corporation funds for most aliens not admitted for permanent residence (99 Stat. 1163).

3. P.L. 99-190, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1986 (December 19, 1985; 99 Stat. 1185) continued the Government-wide ban against employment of noncitizens with specified exceptions (99 Stat. 1291).

4. P.L. 99-272, the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (April 7, 1986; 100 Stat. 82), amended section 3306(Xi) of the Internal Revenue Code to extend until January 1, 1988 the period during which employers are not required to pay Federal unemployment tax on wages of temporary alien farmworkers admitted under sections 101(a)(15) and 214(c) of the INA (100 Stat. 327).

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5. P.L. 99-498, the Higher Education Amendments of 1986 (October 17, 1986), limited eligibility for Federal student aid programs to aliens who are or are intending to become permanent resident aliens, and required a study of the denial of student aid to certain noncitizens.

6. P.L. 99-500, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 1987 (October 18, 1986), continued the prohibition against the use of Legal Services Corporation funds for most aliens not admitted for permanent residence, continued the ban against the use of military construction funds for illegal aliens, continued the Government-wide ban against employment of non-citizens with specified exceptions, and prohibited implementation of HUD regulations prohibiting unlawful aliens receiving housing assistance.

7. P.L. 99-509, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986 (October 21, 1986), amended section 1903 of the Social Security Act to restrict Medicaid eligibility to aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence or permanently residing in the United States under color of law, except in the case of otherwise qualified aliens who have an emergency medical condition (section (9406).

8. P.L. 99-514, the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (October 22, 1986), added a new section 6039E to the Internal Revenue Code requiring aliens applying for permanent resident status to provide certain information, including whether they are required to file a tax return for the 3 most recent taxable years (section 1234).

9. P.L. 99-595 (October 31, 1986) amended section 3306(cX1) of the Internal Revenue Code to extend until January 1, 1993 the period during which employers are not required to pay Federal unemployment tax on wages of temporary alien agricultural workers admitted under sections 101(aX15XH) and 214(c) of the INA. V. 100th CONGRESS, 1987-1988 A. Legislation Amending the INA OR IRCA

1. P.L. 100–71, the Supplemental Appropriations Act, FY87 (July 11, 1987; 101 Stat. 391) amended section 286(h/1/A) of the INA to permit INS travel fee funds to remain available until expended (101 Stat. 394).

2. P.L. 100-202, the Further Continuing Appropriations Act, FY88 (Dec. 22, 1987; 101 Stat. 1329), amended section 210(d) of the ÎN, as amended by IRCA, relating to special agricultural worker applications (101 Stat. 1329-18).

3. P.L. 100-203, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (Dec. 22, 1987; 101 Stat. 1330) made a technical correction to section 201(b)(2XB) of IRCA (101 Stat. 1330-321).

4. P.L. 100-204, the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, FY88–89 (Dec. 22, 1987; 101 Stat. 1331), amended section 212(a)(23) of the INA relating to the exclusion of drug law violators (101 Stat. 1399).

5. P.L. 100-205, the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1988 (Sept. 28, 1988; 102 Stat. 1851), amended section 214 of the INA concerning entry as nonimmigrants of Canadian citizen professionals (102 Stat. 1877).

6. P.L. 100-459, the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, FY89 (Oct. 1, 1988; 102 Stat._2186), amended sections 286 and 344 of the INA to create revolving “Immigration Examinations Fee Account” (102 Stat. 2203); and amended section 101(b)2) of the INA, relating to the adoption of illegitimate children of American fathers, to expire October 1, 1989 (102 Stat. 2203).

7. P.L. 100-525, the Immigration Technical Corrections Act of 1988 (Oct. 24, 1988), consisted of miscellaneous amendments to the INA and IRCA, and other immigration-related provisions.

8. P.L. 100-658, the Immigration Amendments of 1988 (Nov. 15, 1988), amended section 314 of IRCA (NP-5 program), which made more visas available to countries disadvantaged by the repeal of the national origins quota system, by extending it to FY89 and FY90 and increasing the annual number of visas available from 5,000 to 15,000.

9. P.L. 100-690, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (Nov. 18, 1988), amended the INA in Title VII, Subtitle J--Provisions Relating to the Deportation of Aliens Who Commit Aggravated Felonies (sections 7341-7350). B. Legislation Affecting the INA, INS Operations, or Refugees

1. P.L. 100-71, the Supplemental Appropriations Act, FY87, included a FY87 appropriation for INS of $137,216,000 (101 Stat. 393 and 472); struck INS preinspection limitation of section 208(a) of P.L. 99-500 and P.L. 99-591 (101 Stat. 472); and required the President to add AIDS virus infection (HIV) to dangerous contagious diseases for the purposes of section 212(a)(6) of the INA (101 Stat. 475).

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8. P.L. 99-639, the Immigration Marriage Fraud F 10, 1986), consisted of a series of amendments to the tion-related marriage fraud.

9. P.L. 99-653, the Immigration and Nationality vember 14, 1986), consisted of a series of amendmen to as the State Department consular efficiency amer B. Legislation Affecting the INA and INS Operation

1. P.L. 99–180, the Departments of Commerce, J and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1986 (De appropriated $593,800,000 for FY 1986 (99 Stat. 114 $5 million to reimburse State for incarcerated Cub lion for a facility to incarcerate illegal alien felons (

2. P.L. 99-190, the Further Continuing Appropria 19, 1985; 99 Stat. 1185), authorized and appropriate Haitian assistance (99 Stat. 1315).

3. P.L. 99-328 (May 28, 1986; 100 Stat. 505) allow all of the States to be naturalized on Ellis Island on

4. P.L. 99-353 (July 2, 1986; 100 Stat. 755) desig Immigrants Day”.

5. P.L. 99-500, the Continuing Appropriations R appropriated $593,000,000 for INS, appropriated $ incarcerated Cubans, and authorized and appr Cuban/Haitian assistance.

6. P.L. 99–570, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 to establish a four-city pilot program to improve I ties to respond to drug-related inquiries (section 1" formation system to facilitate visa denial to drug quired Defense Department cooperation with INS

7. P.L. 99-603, the Immigration Reform and ( 1986) includes a number of provisions which eithe (e.g., requirements for verification of immigration tain benefits), or are freestanding (e.g., section 204 ance grants).

8. H. Res. 314 (November 12, 1985), expressed President should investigate the Miroslav Medvid dling of a political asylum case.

9. H. Res. 409 (May 20, 1986) expressed the sen General should investigate Kurt Waldheim's Wo whether he should be denied admission to the Uni

10. S. Con. Res. 143 expresssed the sense of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Orderly De

11. S. Res. 185 (July 10, 1985) expressed the se Government was thwarting Cubans' human righ immigration agreement in retaliation for U.S. bro

12. S. Res. 353 (March 13, 1986) expressed the mission on Security and Cooperation in Europe sł tion attempt. C. Legislation Regulating Alien Participation in

Other Federal Activities 1. P.L. 99-173, the Military Construction Appr 1985; 99 Stat. 1024), continued the ban against th Stat. 1028).

2. P.L. 99–180, the Departments of Commerce, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1986 ( continued the prohibition against the use of Leg most aliens not admitted for permanent residence

3. P.L. 99-190, the Continuing Appropriation 1985; 99 Stat. 1185) continued the Governmentnoncitizens with specified exceptions (99 Stat. 129

4. P.L. 99-272, the Consolidated Omnibus Budge 7, 1986; 100 Stat. 82), amended section 3306(c)(1) extend until January 1, 1988 the period during w pay Federal unemployment tax on wages of temp under sections 101(a)(15) and 214(c) of the INA (10

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isa allocation in FY88; and extended H-1 nonimmigrant
ed nurses through Dec. 1, 1989.
nti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (Nov. 18. 1988), required denial
nvicted drug traffickers (sec. 4603); required development of
ment border security program (sec. 4604); authorized appro-
S personnel enhancement (sec. 6151); provided for INS for-
ec. 6165); and included a supplemental FY89 appropriation
Litle X).
mmending humanitarian treatment of Southeast Asian ref-
r measures to ensure humanitarian treatment of refugees
8, Senate Oct. 12, 1988).
g Alien Participation in Federal Assistance Programs and
ties
irther Continuing Appropriations Act, continued the prohi-
Legal Services Corporation funds for most aliens not admit-
nce (101 Stat. 1329-33); continued the ban against the use
funds for illegal aliens (101 Stat.liation Act, added section
ecurity Act, to disregard, in the computation of income for
ental Security Income (SSI), payments under section 412(e)
ssistance for refugees) and payments under section 501(a) of
ssistance for Cuban and Haitian entrants) (101 Stat. 1330-

che

ommercial Fishing Industry Vessel Anti-Reflagging Act of ents relating to the manning by aliens of certain fishing vespusing and Community Development Act of 1987, in section n of restriction on use of assisted housing by aliens) amendIousing and Community Development Act of 1980 to add mporarily or permanently under section 245A of the INA to g assistance; and to add a new subsection (c), modifying re). ugustus F. Hawkins-Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secnent Amendments of 1988 (Apr. 28, 1988; 102 Stat. 130), in e Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, includections 4401-4410 ("'Emergency Immigrant Education Act of .eral assistance for immigrant education (102 Stat. 242). reasury, Postal Service and General Government Appropria2, 1988; 102 Stat. 1721), continued the2 Stat. 1829), continued z of military construction funds for illegal aliens (102 Stat. Jepartments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, ppropriations Act, FY89, continued the prohibition against s Corporation funds for most aliens not admitted for perma

2225). 'echnical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988 (Nov. 10, 202(n) of the Social Security Act to deny Social Security benunder section 241(a)(19) of the INA (relating to Nazi persecu

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39-1990
g the INA or IRCA
Jepartments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary,
Appropriations Act, 1990 (Nov. 21, 1989; 103 Stat. 988),
2) of the INA, relating to the adoption of illegitimate chil-
Stat. 1038).
epartments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Edu-
encies Appropriations Act, 1990 (Nov. 21, 1989; 103 Stat.
204(a)(1) of ĪRCA to reduce the FY90 State legalization
(SLIAG) appropriation of $1 billion by $555.2 million and to
for FY92 (103 Stat. 1174).
mmigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989 (Dec. 18, 1989; 103
tions 101(a)(15)(H)(i) and 212 of the INA to establish condi-
during a 5-year period of nurses as H-1 temporary workers
ended section 210 relating to SAW fraud (103 Stat. 2103). It
of IRCA to authorize additional uses of SLIAG funds (103

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