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1. TABLE 1.- IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST

RESIDENCE; FISCAL YEARS 1820-1989–CONTINUED

Region and country of last residence 1

1861-70

1871-80

1881-90

All countries.
Europe .....
Austria-Hungary

Austria

Hungary.
Belgium........
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
France..
Germany.
Greece.
Ireland 5
Italy.
Netherlands.
Norway-Sweden.

Norway

Sweden.
Poland..
Portugal.
Romania.
Soviet Union.
Spain..
Switzerland.
United Kingdom 58
Yugoslavia..

Other Europe.
Asia.

China 10

2,314,824
2,065,141

7,800
7,124

3484
36,734

(4) 17,094 35,986 787,468

72 435,778 11,725

9,102 109,298

(6)

(6) 2,027 2,658

(?) 2,512 6,697 23,286 606,896

(°)

8 64,759 64,301 (11)

69 (12) (13)

186 (15) (16)

131 (11)

72
166,607
153,878

2,191
9,046
(12)
(20)
(20)
(21)
9,046

95
(20)

95 1,397 (20) (20) (20) 1,397 (22) 312

214 17,791

5,246,613
4,735,484

353,719
226,038
127,681
20,177

(*)
88,132

50,464 1,452,970

2,308 655,482 307,309

53,701 568,362 176,586 391,776 51,806 16,978

6,348 213,282

4,419 81,988 807,357

(9)

682 69,942 61,711 (11)

269 (12) (13) 2,270 (15) (16) 3,782 (11)

1,910 426,967 393,304

2,812,191
2,271,925

72,969
63,009
9,960
7,221

(4)
31,771
72,206
718,182

210 436,871 55,759

16,541 211,245

95,323 115,922 12,970 14,082

711 39,284

5,266 28,293 548,043

(9) 1,001 124,160 123,201 (11)

163 (12) (13)

149 (15) (16)

404 (11)

243 404,044 383,640

5,162
13,957

(12)
(20)
(20)

(21)
13,957

157 (20)

157 1,128 (20) (20) (20) 1,128 (22)

358 10,914

790

Hong Kong
India..
Iran
Israel.
Japan
Korea
Philippines.
Turkey.
Vietnam.

Other Asia.
America .......

Canada and Newfoundland 17 19.
Mexico 18
Caribbean

Cuba
Dominican Republic.
Haiti..
Jamaica..

Other Caribbean
Central America

El Salvador..

Other Central America..
South America

Argentina
Colombia.
Ecuador..

Other South America.
Other America.
Africa
Oceania
Not specified 17

19 1,913

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1891-1900

1901-10

23 341,498

23 96,720

3,687,584 8,795,386 3,555,352 8,056,040 18 592,707 18 2,145,266

234,081 668,209 3181,288 3808,511 18,167 41,635

(*) (*) 50,231 65,285

30,770 73,379 23 505,152

15,979 167,519 388,416 339,065 651,893 2,045,877

26,758 48,262 321,281 440,039

95,015 190,505 226,266 249,534

(23) 27,508 69,149

12,750 53,008 23 505,290 23 1,597,306

8,731 27,935 31,179 34,922 271,538 525,950

(°) (°)

282 39,945 74,862 323,543 14,799 20,605 (11) (11)

68 4,713 (12) (12)

(13) (13) 25,942 129,797

(15) (15)

(16) (16) 30,425 157,369

(11) (11) 3,628 11,059 38,972 361,888 3,311 179,226

49,642 33,066 107,548

(12) (12) (20) (20) (20) (20) (21) (21) 33,066 107,548

549 8,192 (20) (20)

549 8,192 1,075 17,280 (20) (20) (20) (20) (20) (20) 1,075 17,280 (22) (22)

350 7,368 3,965 13,024 14,063

19 971

26 33,523

See footnotes at end of table.

1. TABLE 1.-IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST

RESIDENCE; FISCAL YEARS 1820-1989–CONTINUED

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5,735,811
4,321,887
23 896,342

453,649
442,693

33,746
4 3,426
41,983

61,897 23 143,945

184,201

146,181 1,109,524

43,718 161,469 66,395 95,074

7,861 4,817 14,393

2,559 12,623

All countries.
Europe.
Austria-Hungary

Austria .

Hungary
Belgium......
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
France....
Germany.
Greece..
Ireland 6
Italy.
Netherlands.
Norway-Sweden.

Norway

Sweden
Poland.
Portugal
Romania
Soviet Union.
Spain...
Switzerland
United Kingdom 5 8
Yugoslavia
Other Europe.

24 114,058

9,119 10,973 68,028 7,150 8,700 4,740 3,960 17,026 3,329 3,871 1,370 3,258 5,512

3,469 12,189 8,347 5,393

38,809 24 226,578

8,973 19,789 57,661 14,860 20,765 10,100 10,665 7,571 7,423 1.076

571 2,898 10,547

2,515,479 1,325,727 103,743 67,106 36,637 18,575

918 10,984 51,121 477,765 47,608 48,362 185,491 52,277 44,632 22,935 21,697

9,985 19,588 1.039

671 7,894 17,675

23 4,813

4,107,209
2,463,194

63,548
32,868
30,680

15,846 102,194 32,430 49,610 412,202

51,084 211,234 455,315

26,948 165,780 68,531 97,249 227,734 29,994 67,646 61,742 28,958

29,676 21 339,570

49,064 42,619 112,059 29,907

(11) 1,886 3 241

(13) 33,462

(15)

(16) 33,824

(11)

12,739
1,516,716

924,515
459,287

74,899
12 15,901

(20)

89,732
13,311

23 921,201

21 31,572

21 139,306

21 202,824

China 10

5,835 11,949 16,596 4,928 (11) 496

195 (13) 1,948 (15)

1,576 8,486 37,280 16,709

(11) 1,761 1,380

13

Hong Kong
India.
Iran.
Israel..
Japan
Korea
Philippines.
Turkey...
Vietnam...
Other Asia.

13 476

1,555

16 528

15 107 16 4,691

68,611 23,091 341,408 9 1,888

31,400 247,236 21,278

(11) 2,082 (12)

(13) 83,837

(15)

(16) 134,066

(11)

5,973
1,143,671

742,185
219,004
123,424

(12)
(20)
(20)

(21)
123,424
17,159

(20)
17,159
41,899

(20)
(20)

(20)
41,899

(22) 8,443 13,427 1,147

America...

1,065
(11)

7,435
160,037
108,527
22,319
15,502

8,225 16,350 153,249

9,657 15,541 1,973 3,388 25,476 46,250

6,231 19,307

3,519 11 335 21,572 996,944 377,952 299,811 123,091 78,948 9,897

4,442 1 8,869

798 (11)

9,551 354,804 171,718 60,589 49,725

12 26,313

12 9,571 20 1,150 20 191

(21)

(20)

21

Canada and Newfoundland 17 18
Mexico 18
Caribbean.

Cuba
Dominican Republic.
Haiti..
Jamaica..

Other Caribbean
Central America

El Salvador.

Other Central America.
South America

Argentina
Columbia.
Ecuador.

Other South America..
Other America ...

4,590
5,861

21 20,935

20 673

(21) 58,998 15,769

(20)
15,769
42,215

(20)
(20)

(20)
42,215

[blocks in formation]

5,627

911 (21) 16,874 21,665

5,132 16,533 21,831 3,338 3,858 2,417 12,218 29,276

7,367 14,551

142

44,751

5,895 38,856 91,628 19,486 18,048

9,841 44,253 59,711 14,092 12,976 12,491

22 31

Africa.

Oceania

6,286
8,726

228

25 1,750 2,483

Not specified

22

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See footnotes at end of table.

1. TABLE 1.-- IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST

RESIDENCE; FISCAL YEARS 1820-1989-CONTINUED

TAE

Region and country of last residence 1

1961-70

1971-80

1981-89

1984

1985

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All countries.
Europe.
Austria-Hungary

Austria

Hungary
Belgium.....
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
France.
Germany.
Greece...
Ireland 6
Italy
Netherlands
Norway-Sweden

Norway

Sweden.
Poland...
Portugal.
Romania.
Soviet Union..
Spain.....
Switzerland
United Kingdom 58
Yugoslavia.

Other Europe.
Asia..

China 10
Hong Kong.
India..
Iran.
Israel
Japan
Korea
Philippines.
Turkey.
Vietnam.

Other Asia.
America ......

Canada and Newfoundland 17 19
Mexico 18
Caribbean

Cuba
Dominican Republic
Haiti..
Jamaica.

Other Caribbean
Central America

El Salvador.

Other Central America..
South America

Argentina
Colombia
Ecuador.

Other South America.
Other America.
Africa.
Oceania
Not specified 22

3,321,677 4,493,314 5,801,579
1,123,492 800,368 637,524

26,022 16,028 20,152
20,621 9,478 14,566
5,401 6,550 5,586
9,192 5,329 6,239
3,273 6,023 6,649
9,201 4,439 4,696
45,237 25,069 28,088
190,796 74,414 79,809
85,969 92,369 34,490
32,966

11,490 22,229 214,111 129,368 51,008 30,606 10,492 10,723 32,600 10,472 13,252 15,484 3,941 3,612 17,116 6,531 9,640 53,539 37,234

64,888 76,065 101,710 36,365 2,531 12,393 27,361 2,465 38,951 42,898 44,659 39,141

17,689 18,453 8,235 7,561 213,822 137,374 140,119 20,381 30,540 15,984 11,604 9,287 7,324 427,642 1,588,178 2,416,278 34,764 124,326 306,108 75,007 113,467 83,848 27,189 164,134 221,977 10,339

45,136 101,267 29,602 37,713 38,367 39,988 49,775 40,654 34,526 267,638 302,782 98,376 354,987 477,485 10,142 13,399 20,028

4,340 172,820 266,027

63,369 244,783 557,735 1,716,374 1,982,735 2,564,698

413,310 169,939 132,296 453,937 640,294 975,657 470,213 741,126 759,416 208,536 264,863 135,142 93,292 148,135 209,899 34,499 56,335 118,510 74,906 137,577 184,481 58,980 134,216 111,384 101,330 134,640 321,845 14,992 34,436 133,938 86,338 100,204 187,907 257,954 295,741 375,026 49,721

29,897 21,374
72,028 77,347 99,066
36,780 50,077 43,841
99,425 138,420 210,745
19,630 995

458
28,954 80,779 144,096
25,122 41,242 38,401
93
12

582

543,903
69,879
2,846
2,351

495
787
693

512 3,335 9,375 3,311 1,096 6,328 1,313 1,455

403 1,052 7,229 3,800 2,956 3,349 2,168

795 16,516 1,404

611 247,775 29,109 12,290 23,617 11,131 4,136 4,517 32,537 46,985

1,652 25,803 55,998 208,111 15,659 57,820 68,368

5,699 23,207

9,554 18,997 10,911 27,826

8,753 18,873 38,636

2,287 10,897

4,244 21,208

2 13,594 4,249

295

570,009 69,526 2,521 1,930 591 775 684

465 3,530 10,028 3,487 1,288 6,351 1,235 1,557

386 1,171 7,409 3,811 3,764 1,532 2,278

980 15,591 1,521

719 255,164 33,095 10,795 24,536 12,327 4,279 4,552 34,791 53,137

1,690 20,367 55,595 225,519

16,354 61,290 79,374 17,115 23,861

9,872 18,277 10,249 28,447 10,093 18,354 40,052

1,925 11,802

4,601 21,724

2 15,236 4,552

12

See footnotes at end of table.

1. TABLE 1.—IMMIGRATION BY REGION AND SELECTED COUNTRY OF LAST

RESIDENCE; FISCAL YEARS 1820-1989–CONTINUED

Region and country of last residence 1

1986

1987

1988

All countries
Europe..
Austria-Hungary

Austria

Hungary
Belgium.......
Czechoslovakia.
Denmark
France
Germany.
Greece.
Ireland 6
Ital
Netherlands..
Norway-Sweden.

Norway

Sweden
Poland.
Portugal.
Romania,
Soviet Union.
Spain...
Switzerland.
United Kingdom 58
Yugoslavia..

Other Europe.
Asia..

China 10
Hong Kong
India.
Iran
Israel.
Japan
Korea
Philippines.
Turkey..
Vietnam..

Other Asia
America......

Canada and Newfoundland 17 19
Mexico 18
Caribbean.

Cuba.
Dominican Republic.
Haiti.
Jamaica ...

Other Caribbean
Central America

El Salvador..

Other Central America..
South America

Argentina.
Colombia
Ecuador

Other South America.
Other America
Africa
Oceania
Not specified

601,708
69,224
2,604
2,039

565
843
588

544 3,876 9,853 3,497 1,757 5,711 1,263 1,564

367 1,197 6,540 3,804 3,809 1,001 2,232

923 16,129 1,915

771 258,546 32,389

9,930 24,808 12,031 5,124 4,444 35,164 61,492

1,975 15,010 56,179 254,078 16,060 66,753 98,527 30,787 26,216 12,356 18,916 10,252 30,088 10,881 19,205 42,650

2,318 11,213

4,518 24,601

2. 15,500 4,352

8

601,516
67,967
2,401
1,769

632
859
715

515 3,809 9,923 4,087 3,032 4,666 1,303 1,540

372 1,168 5,818 4,009 2,741 1,139 2,056

964 15,889 1,793

708 248,293 32,669

8,785 26,394 10,323 4,753 4,711 35,397 58,315

2,080 13,073 51,793 265,026 16,741 72,511 100,615 27,363 24,947 14,643 22,430 11,232 30,366 10,627 19,739 44,782

2,192 11,482

4,656 26,452

11 15,730 4,437

63

643,025
71,854
3,200
2,493

707
706
744

561 3,637 9,748 4,690 5,121 5,332 1,152 1,669

446 1,223 7,298 3,290 2,915 1,408 1,972

920 14,667 2,039

785 254,745 34,300 11,817 25,312 9,846 4,444 5,085 34,151 61,017

2,200 12,856 53,717 294,906

15,821 95,170 110,949 16,610 27,195 34,858 20,474 11,812 31,311 12,043 19,268 41,646

2,556 10,153

4,736 24,201

9 17,124 4,324

72

1989

1820-1989

1,090,924 55,457,531

94,338 36,977,034 3,586 4,338,049 2,845 31,825,172

741 31,666,801 705 209,729 526 145,223

617 369,738 4,101 783,322 10,419 7,071,313 4,588 700,017 6,983 4,715,393 11,089 5,356,862

1,253 372,717 1,809 2,144,024

556 6 800,672 1,253 6 1,283,097 13,279 587,972 3,861 497,195 3,535 201,345 4,570 3,428,927 2,179 282,404

1,072 358,151 16,961 5,100,096 2,464 133,493

741 181,064 296,420 5,697,301 39,284 873,737 15,257 11287,863 28,599 426,907 13,027 5,494 13131,634 5,454

14 455,813 33,016

15 611,284 66,119

2,538 409,122 13,174

11 443,522 74,458 940,099 672,639 12,017,021

18,294 4,270,943 405,660 3,208,543 87,597 2,590,542

9,523 12 739,274 26,744

20 468,000 13,341 23,572

21 405,833 14,417 762,547 101,273 673,385 57,628

20 195,086 43,645 478,319 59,812 1,163,482 3,766

20 125,165 14,918

20 271,570 7,587

20 143,293 33,541 623,454

3 110,126 22,285 301,348 4,956 197,816

86 267,009

12 161,946

19 955,374

20 214,888

See footnotes at end of table.

FOOTNOTES TO TABLE 1:

1 Data for years prior to 1906 relate to country whence alien came; data from 1906–79 and 1984-89 are for country of last permanent residence; and data for 1980-83 refer to country of birth. Because of changes in boundaries, changes in lists of countries, and lack of data for specified countries for various periods, data for certain countries, especially for the total period 18201989, are not comparable throughout. Data for specified countries are included with countries to which they belonged prior to World War I.

2 Data for Austria and Hungary not reported until 1861.
3 Data for Austria and Hungary not reported separately for all years during the period.
4 No data available for Czechoslovakia until 1920.
5 Prior to 1926, data for Northern Ireland included in Ireland.
6 Data for Norway and Sweden not reported separately until 1871.
7 No data available for Romania until 1880.

8 Since 1925, data for United Kingdom refer to England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

9 In 1920, a separate enumeration was made for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Since 1922, the Serb, Croat, and Slovene Kingdom recorded as Yugoslavia.

10 Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan.
11 Data not reported separately until 1952.
12 Data not reported separately until 1925.
13 Data not reported separately until 1949.
14 No data available for Japan until 1861.
15 Data not reported separately until 1948.
16 Prior to 1934, Philippines recorded as insular travel.

17 Prior to 1920, Canada and Newfoundland recorded as British North America. From 182098, figures include all British North America possessions.

18 Land arrivals not completely enumerated until 1908.
19 No data available for Mexico from 1886-93.
20 Data not recorded separately until 1932.

21 Data for Jamaica not collected until 1953. In prior years, consolidated under British West Indies, which is included in “Other Caribbean."

22 Included in countries “Not specified” until 1925.

23 From 1899-1919, data for Poland included in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Soviet Union.

24 From 1938-45, data for Austria included in Germany.
25 Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in the United States.

Represents zero. Note: From 1820-67, figures represent alien passengers arrived at seaports; from 1868-91 and 1895-97, immigrant aliens arrived; from 1892-94 and 1898–1989, immigrant aliens admitted for permanent residence. From 1892–1903, aliens entering by cabin class were not counted as immigrants. Land arrivals were not completely enumerated until 1908.

See Glossary for fiscal year definitions. For this table, fiscal year 1843 covers 9 months ending September 1843; fiscal years 1832 and 1850 cover 15 months ending December 31 of the respective years; and fiscal year 1868 covers 6 months ending June 30, 1868.

Source: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1989 Statistical Yearbook, pp. 2-5, as reprinted by CRS.

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