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VI. CHAPTER 15 OF THE UNITED STATES-CANADA FREE

TRADE AGREEMENT

Chapter Fifteen

Temporary Entry for Business Persons

Article 1501: General Principle

The provisions of this Chapter reflect the special trading relationship between the Parties, the desirability of facilitating temporary entry on a reciprocal basis and of establishing transparent criteria and procedures for temporary entry, and the need to ensure border security and protect indigenous labour and permanent employment. Article 1502: Obligations 1. The Parties shall provide, in accordance with Annex 1502.1, for the temporary entry of business persons who are otherwise qualified for entry under applicable law relating to public health and safety and national security. 2. Each Party shall publish its laws, regulations, and procedures relating to the provisions of this Chapter and provide to the other Party such explanatory materials as may be reasonably necessary to enable the other Party and its business persons to become acquainted with them. 3. Any fees for processing applications for temporary entry of business persons shall be limited in amount to the approximate cost of services related thereto. 4. Data collected and maintained by a Party respecting the granting of temporary entry to business persons under this Chapter shall be made available to the other Party in conformity with applicable law. 5. The application and enforcement of measures governing the granting of temporary entry to business persons shall be accomplished expeditiously so as to avoid unduly impairing or delaying the conduct of trade in goods or services, or of investment activities, under this Agreement. Article 1503: Consultation

The Parties shall establish a procedure, which shall involve the participation of immigration officials of both parties, for consultation at least once a year respecting:

a) the implementation of this Chapter; and b) the development of measures for the purpose of further facilitating temporary entry of business persons on a reciprocal basis and the development of

amendments and additions to Annex 1502.1. Article 1504: Dispute Settlement 1. Subject to paragraph 2, a Party may invoke the provisions of Chapter Eighteen with respect to any matter governed by this Chapter. 2. A Party may not invoke the provisions of Article 1806 or 1807 of this Agreement with respect to the denial of a business person's request for temporary entry or a matter under paragraph 5 of Article 1502 unless:

a) the matter involves a pattern of practice; and b) available administrative remedies have been exhausted with respect to the particular matter involving a business person's request for temporary entry, provided that such remedies shall be deemed to be exhausted if a final decision in the matter has not been issued within one year of the institution of administrative proceedings and the failure to issue a decision is not attributable to delay caused by the business person.

Article 1505: Relationship to other Chapters

No provision of any other Chapter of this Agreement shall be construed as imposing obligations upon the Parties with respect to the Parties' immigration measures. Article 1506: Definitions

For purposes of this Chapter,

business person means a citizen of a Party who is engaged in the trade of goods or services or in investment activities; and

temporary entry means entry without the intent to establish permanent residence. Annex 1502.1 Temporary Entry for Business Persons United States of America A. Business Visitors 1. A business person seeking temporary entry into the United States of America for purposes set forth in Schedule 1, who otherwise meets existing requirements under section 101(a)(15)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, including but not limited to requirements regarding the source of remuneration, shall be granted entry upon presentation of proof of Canadian citizenship and documentation demonstrating that the business person is engaged in one of the occupations or professions set forth in Schedule 1 and describing the purpose of entry. 2. A business person engaged in an occupation or profession other than those listed in Schedule 1 shall be granted temporary entry under section 101(a)(15)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act if the business person meets existing requirements for entry. 3. The United States of America shall not require, as a condition for temporary entry under paragraph 1 or 2, prior approval procedures, petitions, labour certification tests, or other procedures of similar effect. B. Traders and Investors 4. A business person seeking temporary entry into the United States of America to carry on substantial trade in goods or services, in a capacity that is supervisory or executive or involves essential skills, principally between the United States of America and Canada, or solely to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which the business person has invested, or is actively in the process of investing, a substantial amount of capital, shall be granted entry under section 101(a)(15)(E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and be provided confirming documentation, if the business person meets existing requirements for visa issuance and for entry. 5. The United States of America shall not require, as a condition for temporary entry under paragraph 4, labour certification tests or other procedures of similar effect. C. Professionals 6. A business person seeking temporary entry into the United States of America to engage in business activities at a professional level who meets existing requirements under section 214(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall be granted entry, and be provided confirming documentation, upon presentation of proof of Canadian citizenship and documentation demonstrating that the business person is engaged in one of the professions set forth in Schedule 2 and describing the purpose of entry. 7. The United States of America shall not require, as a condition for temporary entry under paragraph 6, prior approval procedures, petitions, labour certification tests, or other procedures of similar effect. D. Intra-Company Transferees 8. A business person seeking temporary entry into the United States of America as an intra-company transferee shall be granted entry under section 101(a)(15)(L) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and be provided confirming documentation, if the business person:

a) immediately preceding the time of application for admission has been employed continuously for one year by a firm or corporation or other legal entity or an affiliate or subsidiary thereof; b) is seeking temporary entry in order to continue to render services to the same employer or a subsidiary or affiliate thereof in a capacity that is managerial, executive, or involves specialized knowledge; and c) meets existing requirements for entry.

9. The United States of America shall not require, as a condition for temporary entry under paragraph 8, labour certification tests or other procedures of similar effect.

Schedule 1

to

Annex 1502.1

.

Research and Design technical, scientific, and statistical researchers conducting independent research,

or research for an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. Growth, Manufacture, and Production • harvester owner supervising a harvesting crew admitted under applicable law. purchasing and production management personnel conducting commercial trans

actions for an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. Marketing • market researchers and analysts conducting independent research or analysis, or

research or analysis for an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. • trade fair and promotional personnel attending a trade convention. Sales • sales representatives and agents taking orders or negotiating contracts for goods

or services but not delivering goods or providing services. • buyers purchasing for an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. Distribution • transportation operators delivering to the United States/Canada or loading and

transporting back to Canada/the United States, with no intermediate loading or

delivery within the United States/Canada. • customs brokers performing brokerage duties associated with the export of goods

from the United States/Canada to or through Canada/the United States. After-Sales Service • installers, repair and maintenance personnel, and supervisors, possessing special

ized knowledge essential to the seller's contractual obligation, performing services or training workers to perform such services, pursuant to a warranty or other service contract incidental to the sale of commercial or industrial equipment or machinery, including computer software, purchased from an enterprise located outside the United States/Canada, during the life of the warranty or

service agreement. General Service professionals: with respect to entry into the United States of America, otherwise

classifiable under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, but receiving no salary or other remuneration from a United States source; and, with respect to entry into Canada, exempt from the requirement to obtain an employment authorization pursuant to subsection 19(1) of the Immigration Regulations, 1978, but receiving no salary or other remuneration from a Cana

dian source. • management and supervisory personnel engaging in commercial transactions for

an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. • computer specialists: with respect to entry into the United States of America, oth

erwise classifiable under section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) of the Immigration and nationality Act, but receiving no salary or other remuneration from a United States source; and, with respect to entry into Canada, exempt from the requirement to obtain an employment authorization pursuant to subsection 19(1) of the Immi

on Regulations, 1978, but receiving no salary other remuneration from a Canadian source. • financial services personnel (insurers, bankers, or investment brokers) engaging in

commercial transactions for an enterprise located in Canada/the United States. public relations and advertising personnel consulting with business associates, or

attending or participating in conventions. • tourism personnel (tour and travel agents, tour guides or tour operators) attend

ing or participating in conventions or conducting a tour that has begun in

Canada/the United States. • translators or interpreters performing services as employees of an enterprise lo

cated in Canada/the United States.

Schedule 2

to

Annex 1502.1

1

1

1

(As Shown in 8 C.F.R. $ 214.6(d)(2Xii), as revised March 19, 1991) Accountant-baccalaureate degree,

Pharmacist -baccalaureate C.P.A., or C.A.

degree or state/provincial license 1 Architect-baccalaureate degree or Physician (teaching and/or research state/provincial license 1

only.M.D. or state/provincial Computer Systems Analyst,

license 1 baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary – Physio/physical therapistdiploma and three years experience baccalaureate degree or state/ Disaster relief claims adjuster

provincial license 1 baccalaureate degree or three years

Psychologist-state/provincial experience in the field of claims

license adjustment

Recreational therapistEconomist_baccalaureate degree baccala eate degree Engineer–baccalaureate degree or

Registered nurse_state/provincial state/provincial license

license – Forester-baccalaureate degree or

Veterinarian-D.V.M., D.M.V., or state/provincial license

state/provincial license 1 - Graphics designer_baccalaureate Range manager (range degree, or post-secondary diploma and conservationist)baccalaureate degree three years experience

Research assistant (working in a postHotel manager-baccalaureate degree secondary educational institution, in Hotel/Restaurant Management, or baccalaureate degree post-secondary diploma in Hotel

Scientific technician/technologist Restaurant Management and three

Must work in direct support of years experience in hotel/restaurant professionals in the following management

disciplines: agricultural sciences, Industrial designer_baccalaureate astronomy, biology, chemistry, degree, or post-secondary diploma and engineering, forestry, geology, three years experience

geophysics, meteorology, or physics. Interior designer-baccalaureate

Must possess theoretical knowledge degree, or post-secondary diploma and of the discipline. three years experience

Must solve practical problems in Land surveyor—baccalaureate degree the discipline or apply principles of the or state/provincial/federal license 1 discipline to basic or applied research. Landscape architect-baccalaureate Scientistdegree

Agriculturist (agronomist) Lawyer-member of bar in province baccalaureate degree or state, or L.L.B., J.D., L.L.L., or

Animal breeder-baccalaureate B.C.L.

degree Librarian–M.L.S., or B.L.S. (for

Animal scientist-baccalaureate which another baccalaureate degree

degree was a prerequisite)

Apiculturist-baccalaureate degree Management consultant

Astronomer-baccalaureate degree baccalaureate degree or five years

Biochemist-baccalaureate degree experience in consulting or related

Biologist-baccalaureate degree field

Chemist-baccalaureate degree Mathematician-baccalaureate degree Dairy scientist-baccalaureate Medical/Allied Profesionals

degree Dentist-D.D.S., D.M.D., or state/ Entomologist-baccalaureate degree provincial license í

Epidemiologist-baccalaureate Dietician-baccalaureate degree or state/provincial license 1

Geneticist-baccalaureate degree Medical laboratory technologist

Geochemist-baccalaureate degree (Canada)/medical technologist (U.S.

Geologist-baccalaureate degree baccalaureate degree, or post-secondary Geophysicist-baccalaureate degree diploma and three years experience ? Horticulturist-baccalaureate

Nutritionist-baccalaureate degree degree
Occupational therapist-

Meteorologist-baccalaureate baccalaureate degree or state/

degree provincial license 1

degree

Note.—See footnotes 1 and 2 on page 489.

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