« ÎnapoiContinuați »
(Public Law 87-510, June 28, 1962; 76 Stat. 121, as amended)
That this Act may be cited as the “Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962”.
SEC. 2. [22 U.S.C. 2601] (a) The President is hereby authorized to continue membership for the United States in the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration in accordance with its constitution approved in Venice, Italy, on October 19, 1953. For the purpose of assisting in the movement of refugees and migrants and to enhance the economic progress of the developing countries by providing for a coordinated supply of selected manpower, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary from time to time for the payment by the United States of its contributions to the Committee and all necessary salaries and expenses incident to United States participation in the Committee.
(b) * There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary from time to time
(1) for contributions to the activities of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for assistance to refugees under his mandate or persons on behalf of whom he is exercising his good offices, and for contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration, the International Committee of the Red Cross; and to other relevant international organizations; and
(2) for assistance to or on behalf of refugees who are outside the United States designated by the President (by class, group, or designation of their respective countries of origin or areas of residence) when the President determines that such assistance will contribute to the foreign policy interests of the United
States. (c)(1) Whenever the President determines it to be important to the national interest he is authorized to furnish on such terms and conditions as he may determine assistance under this Act for the purpose of meeting unexpected urgent refugee and migration needs.
* Paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (b) provided, before enactment of the Refugee Act of 1980, as follows:
(1) for contributions to the activities of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for assistance to refugees under his mandate or in behalf of whom he is exercising his good offices,
(2) for assistance to or in behalf of refugees designated by the President (by class, group, or designation of their respective countries of origin or areas of residence) when the President determines that such assistance will contribute to the defense, or to the security, or to the foreign policy interests of the United States;
(3) for assistance to or in behalf of refugees in the United States whenever the President shall determine that such assistance would be in the interest of the United States: Provided, That the term “refugees” as herein used means aliens who (A) because of persecution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion, fled from a nation or area of the Western Hemisphere; (B) cannot return thereto because of fear of persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion; and (C) are in urgent need of assistance for the essentials of life;
(4) for assistance to State or local public agencies providing services for substantial numbers of individuals who meet the requirements of subparagraph (3) (other than clause (C) thereof) for (A) health services and educational services to such individuals, and (B) special training for employment and services related thereto;
(5) for transportation to, and resettlement in, other areas of the United States of individuals who meet the requirements of subparagraph (3) (other than clause (C) thereof) and who, having regard for their income and other resources, need assistance in obtaining such services; and
(6) for establishment and maintenance of projects for employment or refresher professional training of individuals who meet the requirements of subparagraph (3) (other than clause (C) thereof) and, who, having regard for their income and resources, need such employment or need assistance in obtaining such retraining.
(2) There is established a United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assis ance Fund to carry out the purposes of this section. There is authorized to be appre priated to the President from time to time such amounts as may be necessary for the fund to carry out the purposes of this section, except that no amount of funds may be appropriated which, when added to amounts previously appropriated but not yet obligated, would cause such amounts to exceed $50,000,000. Amounts appropriated hereunder shall remain available until expended.
(3) Whenever the President requests appropriations pursuant to this authorization he shall justify such requests to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, as well as to the Committees on Appropriations.
(d) The President shall keep the appropriate committees of Congress currently informed of the use of funds and the exercise of functions authorized in this Act.
(e) Unexpended balances of funds made available under authority of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, and of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and allocated or transferred for the purposes of sections 405(a), 405(c), 405(d) and 451(c) of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, are hereby authorized to be continued available for the purposes of this section and may be consolidated with appropriations authorized by this section.
(f) The President may furnish assistance and make contributions under this Act notwithstanding any provision of law which restricts assistance to foreign countries.
Sec. 3. [22 U.S.C. 2602] (a) In carrying out the purpose of this Act, the President is authorized
(1) to make loans, advances, and grants to make and perform agreements and contracts with, or enter into other transactions with, any individual, corporation, or other body of persons, government or government agency, whether within or without the United States, and international and intergovernmental organizations;
(2) to accept and use money, funds, property, and services of any kind made available by gift, devise, bequest, grant, or otherwise for such purposes. (b) Whenever the President determines it to be in furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the functions authorized under this Act may be performed without regard to such provisions of law (other than the Renegotiation Act of 1951 (65 Stat. 7), as amended, regulating the making, performance, amendment, or modification of con: tracts and the expenditure of funds of the United States Government as the President may specify.
Sec. 4. [22 U.S.C. 2603] (a)(1) The President is authorized to designate the head of any department or agency of the United States Government, or any official there of who is required to be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to perform any functions conferred upon the President by this Act. If the President shall so specify, any individual so designated under this subsec tion is authorized to redelegate to any of his subordinates any functions authorized to be performed by him under this subsection, except the function of exercising the waiver authority specified in section 3(b) of this Act.
(2) Section 104(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1104(b), iş amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: "He shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.”.
(b) [22 U.S.C. 2604] The President may allocate or transfer to any agency of the United States Government any part of any funds available for carrying out the pur poses of this Act. Such funds shall be available for
obligation and expenditure for the purposes for which authorized in accordance with authority granted in this Act or under authority governing the activities of the agencies of the United States Government to which such funds are allocated or transferred. Funds allocated or transferred pursuant to this subsection to any such agency may be established in separate appropriation accounts on the books of the Treasury.
Sec. 5. (22 U.S.C. 2605] (a) Funds made available for the purposes of this Act shall be available for
(1) compensation, allowances, and travel of personnel, including members of the Foreign Service whose services are utilized primarily for the purpose of this Act, and without regard to the provisions of any other law, for printing and binding, and for expenditures outside the United States for the procurement of supplies and services and for other administrative and operating purposes. (other than compensation of personnel) without regard to such laws and regulations governing the obligation and expenditure of Government funds as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act;
(2) employment or assignment of members of the Foreign Service serving under limited appointments for the duration of operations under this Act;
(3) exchange of funds without regard to section 3651 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 543), and loss by exchanges;
(4) expenses authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, not otherwise provided for;
(5) expenses authorized by the Act of August 1, 1956 (70 Stat. 890–892), as amended;
(6) contracting for personal services abroad, and individuals employed by contract to perform such services shall not be considered to be employees of the United States for purposes of any law administered by the Office of Personnel Management, except that the Secretary of State may determine the applicability to such individuals of section 2(f) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2669(f)) and of any other law administered by the Secretary concerning the employment of such individuals abroad; and
(7) all other expenses determined by the President to be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. (b) Except as may be expressly provided to the contrary in this Act, all determinaions, authorizations, regulations, orders, contracts, agreements and other actions ssued, undertaken, or entered into under authority of any provision of law repealed by this Act shall continue in full force and effect until modified, revoked, or superseded under the authority of this Act. Sec. 6. (Amendments to other Acts, executed and text omitted] Sec. 7. [22 U.S.C. 2601, note] Until the enactment of legislation appropriating funds for activities under this Act, such activities may be conducted with funds made available under section 451(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. ---SEC. 8. AUDITS OF U.S. FUNDS RECEIVED BY THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH
COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES.
(a) PROGRAM AUDITS 1.-Funds may not be made available to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) under this or any other Act unless provision is made for
(1) annual program audits to determine the use of UNHCR funds, including the use of such funds by implementing partners; and
(2) such audits are made available through the Department of State for inspection by the Comptroller General of the United States.
(6) INSPECTION AND REPORT BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall inspect each such audit and submit a report of that inspection to the Congress.
(c) FIRST PROGRAM AUDIT.—The first program audit pursuant to subsection (a)(1) shall begin not later than June 1, 1986.
Done at New York January 31, 1967; accession advised by the Senate of the United States of America subject to certain reservations, October 4, 1968; accession approved by the President of the United States of America, subject to said reservations, October 15, 1968 accession of the United States of America deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, with the said reservations, November 1, 1968; proclaimed by the President of the United States of America November 6, 1968; entered into force with respect to the United States of America, Novem
ber 1, 1968.
PROTOCOL RELATING TO THE STATUS OF REFUGEES
The States Parties to the present Protocol, Considering that the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees done at Geneva on 28 July 1951 3 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention) covers only
Subsection (a) was amended in its entirety by $ 701 of P.L. 101-246, February 16, 1990. 2:19 UST 6223; TIAS 6577. For states which are party to the Protocol, see Dept. of State publication. Treaties in Force. For text of reservation, see end of Protocol.
See Convention in following Appendix.
those persons who have become refugees as a result of events occurring before me January 1951,
Considering that the new refugees situations have arisen since the Conventios. was adopted and that the refugees concerned may therefore not fall within the scope of the Convention,
Considering that it is desirable that equal status should be enjoyed by all refugees covered by the definition in the Convention irrespective of the dateline 1 January 1951, Have agreed as follows:
GENERAL PROVISION 1. The States Parties to the present Protocol undertake to apply articles 2 to 34 inclusive to the Convention to refugees as herein after defined.
2. For the purpose of the present Protocol, the term “refugees” shall, except as regards the application of paragraph 3 of this article, mean any person within the definition of article 1 of the Convention as if the words “As a result of events occuring before 1 January 1951 and and the words "*
as a result of such events”, in article 1A(2) were omitted.
3. The present Protocol shall be applied by the States Parties hereto without any geographic limitation, saye that existing declarations made by States already Par. ties to the Convention in accordance with article 1B(1)(a) of the Convention, shall
, unless extended under article 1B(2) thereof, apply also under the present Protocol.
CO-OPERATION OF THE NATIONAL AUTHORITIES WITH THE UNITED NATIONS 1. The States Parties to the present Protocol undertake to co-operate with the Office of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, or any other agency of the United Nations which may succeed it, in the exercise of its functions, and shall in particular facilitate its duty of supervising the application of the provisions of the present Protocol. 2. In order to enable the Office of the High Commissioner, or any other agency
of the United Nations which may succeed it, to make reports to the competent organs of the United Nations, the States Parties to the present Protocol undertake to provide them with the information and statistical data requested, in the appropriate form, concerning:
(a) The condition of refugees;
(c) Laws, regulations and decrees which are, or may hereafter be, in force relating to refugees.
INFORMATION ON NATIONAL LEGISLATION
The States Parties to the present Protocol shall communicate to the Secretary. General of the United Nations the laws and regulations which they may adopt to ensure the application of the present Protocol.
SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
Any dispute between States Parties to the present Protocol which related to its interpretation or application and which cannot be settled by other means shall be referred to the International Court of Justice at the request of any one of the par ties to the dispute.
The present Protocol shall be open for accession on behalf of all States Parties to the Convention and of any other
State Member of the United Nations or member of any of the specialized agencies or to which an invitation to accede may have been
ddressed by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Accession shall be effectd by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the nited Nations.
In the case of Federal or non-unitary State, the following provisions shall apply:
(a) With respect to those articles of the Convention to be applied in accordance vith article I, paragraph 1, of the present Protocol that come within the legislative urisdiction of the federal legislative authority, the obligations of the Federal Govrnment shall to this extent be the same as those of States Parties which are not Federal States;
(b) With respect to those articles of the Convention to be applied in accordance with article I, paragraph 1, of the present protocol that come within the legislative jurisdiction of constituent States, provinces or cantons which are not under the constitutional system of the federation, bound to take legislative action, the Federal Government shall bring such articles with a favourable recommendation to the notice of the appropriate authorities of States, provinces or cantons at the earliest possible moment;
(c) A Federal State Party to the present Protocol shall, at the request or any other State Party hereto transmitted through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, supply a statement of the law and practice of the Federation and its constituent units in regard to any particular provision of the Convention to be applied in accordance with article I, paragraph 1, of the present Protocol, showing the extent to which effect has been given to that provision by legislative or other action.
RESERVATIONS AND DECLARATIONS
1. At the time of accession, any State may make reservations in respect of article IV of the present Protocol and in respect of the application in accordance with article 1 of the present Protocol of any provision of the Convention other than those contained in articles 1, 3, 4, 16(1) and 33 thereof, provided that in the case of a State Party to the Convention reservations made under this article shall not extend to refugees in respect of whom the Convention applies.
2. Reservations made by States Parties to the Convention in accordance with article 42 thereof shall, unless withdrawn, be applicable in relation to their obligations under the present Protocol.
3. Any State making a reservation in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article may at any time withdraw such reservation by a communications to that effect addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
4. Declaration made under article 40, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Convention by a State Party thereto which accedes to the present Protocol shall be deemed to apply in respect of the present Protocol, unless upon accession a notification to the contrary is addressed by the State Party concerned to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The provisions of article 40, paragraphs 2 and 3, and of article 44, paragraph 3, of the Convention shall be deemed to apply mutatis mutandis to the present Protocol.
ENTRY INTO FORCE
1. The present Protocol shall come into force on the day of deposit of the sixth instrument of accession.
2. For each State acceding to the Protocol after the deposit of the sixth instrument of accession, the Protocol shall come into force on the date of deposit by such State of its instrument of accession.
1. Any State Party hereto may denounce this Protocol at any time by a notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.