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PART 2-EMPLOYMENT-BASED IMMIGRANTS

SEC. 121. EMPLOYMENT-BASED IMMIGRANTS.

(a) IN GENERAL.-[Omitted; inserted a new subsection (b) in section 203.] (b) DETERRING IMMIGRATION-RELATED ENTREPRENEURSHIP FRAUD.

(1) CONDITIONAL BASIS FOR PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BASED ON ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES.—[Omitted; inserted section 216A.]

(2) ADDITIONAL GROUND FOR DEPORTATION.–For additional ground of deportation for termination of permanent residence on a conditional basis under section 216A of the Immigration and Nationality Act, see section 241(aX1XD) of such Act, as amended by section 602(a) of this Act.

(3) CRIMINAL PENALTY FOR IMMIGRATION-RELATED ENTREPRENEURSHIP FRAUD. [Omitted; added subsection (C) at end of section 275.]

(4) LIMITATION ON ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS.—[Omitted; added subsection (f) at the end of section 245.)

(5) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.- -[Omitted; conforming amendment to table of

contents.] SEC. 122. CHANGES IN LABOR CERTIFICATION PROCESS.

(a) LABOR MARKET INFORMATION Pilot PROGRAM FOR EMPLOYMENT-BASED IMMIGRANTS.M1) The Secretary of Labor shall establish a pilot program which provides for a determination, in accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States Code, of labor shortages or surpluses in up to 10 defined occupational classifications in the United States. In making such determinations, the Secretary shall consider certifications approved under section 212(a)(5XA) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and labor market and other information.

(2/(A) If under the pilot program there is a determination that there is a labor shortage with respect to an occupational classification, a certification under section 212(aX5/(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act for petitions for that occupational classification shall be deemed to have been issued.

(B) If under the pilot program there is a determination that there is a labor surplus with respect to an occupational classification, the Secretary of Labor may none theless make a certification under section 212(a)(5)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act with regard to a specific job opportunity in the occupational classification if the employer submits evidence, based on extensive recruitment efforts (including such efforts as the Secretary may require), demonstrating that the employer meets all the requirements for certification under such section.

(3) The pilot program under this subsection shall only be effective for applications for certifications filed during the 3-fiscal-year period beginning with fiscal year 1992.

(4) By not later than April 1, 1994, the Secretary of Labor shall report to the Committees on Education and Labor and Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Labor and Human Resources and the Judiciary of the Senate on the operation of the pilot program under this subsection and whether the program should be extended and the number of defined occupational classifications permitted under the program if it is extended.

(b) NOTICE IN LABOR CERTIFICATIONS.—The Secretary of Labor shall provide, in the labor certification process under section 212(a)(5)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, that

(1) no certification may be made unless the applicant for certification has, at the time of filing the application, provided notice of the filing (A) to the bar; gaining representative (if any) of the employer's employees in the occupational classification and area for which aliens are sought, or (B) if there is no such bargaining representative, to employees employed at the facility through posting in conspicuous locations; and

(2) any person may submit documentary evidence bearing on the application for certification (such as information on available workers, information on wages and working conditions, and information on the employer's failure to meet terms and conditions with respect to the employment of alien workers and

co-workers). SEC. 123. DEFINITIONS OF MANAGERIAL CAPACITY AND EXECUTIVE CAPACITY.

[Omitted; added paragraph (44) at the end of section 101(a).] SEC. 124. TRANSITION FOR EMPLOYEES OF CERTAIN UNITED STATES BUSINESSES OPERATING IN

HONG KONG. (a) ADDITIONAL VISA NUMBERS.

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(1) TREATMENT OF PRINCIPALS.-In the case of any alien described in paragraph (3) (or paragraph (2) as the spouse or child of such an alien) with respect to whom a classification petition has been filed and approved under subsection (b), there shall be made available, in addition to the immigrant visas otherwise available in each of fiscal years 1991 through 1993 and without regard to section 202(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, up to 12,000 additional immigrant visas. If the full number of such visas are not made available in fiscal year 1991 or 1992, the shortfall shall be added to the number of such visas to be made available under this section in the succeeding fiscal year.

(2) DERIVATIVE RELATIVES.—A spouse or child (as defined in section 101(b)(1) (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act) shall, if not otherwise entitled to an immigrant status and the immediate issuance of a visa under this section, be entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration, provided under this section, if accompanying, or following to join, the alien's spouse or parent.

(3) EMPLOYEES OF CERTAIN UNITED STATES BUSINESSES OPERATING IN HONG KONG.—An alien is described in this paragraph if the alien

(A) is a resident of Hong Kong and is employed in Hong Kong except for temporary absences at the request of the employer and has been employed in Hong Kong for at least 12 consecutive months as an officer or supervisor or in a capacity that is managerial, executive, or involves specialized knowledge, by a business entity which (i) is owned and organized in the United States (or is the subsidiary or affiliate of a business owned and organized in the United States), (ii) employs at least 100 employees in the United States and at least 50 employees outside the United States, and (iii) has a gross annual income of at least $50,000,000, and

(B) has an offer of employment from such business entity in the United States as an officer or supervisor or in a capacity that is managerial, executive, or involves specialized knowledge, which offer (i) is effective from the time of filing the petition for classification under this section through and including the time of entry into the United States and (ii) provides for salary and benefits comparable to the salary and benefits provided to others with similar responsibilities and experience within the same compa

ny. (b) PETITIONS.-Any employer desiring and intending to employ within the United States an alien described in subsection (a)(3) may file a petition with the Attorney General for such classification. No visa may be issued under subsection (a)(1) until such a petition has been approved.

(c) ALLOCATION.–Visa numbers made available under subsection (a) shall be made available in the order which petitions under subsection (b) are filed with the Attorney General. (d) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:

(1) Ex UTIVE CAPACITY.—The term "executive capacity” has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(44)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 123 of this Act.

(2) MANAGERIAL CAPACITY.—The term “managerial capacity” has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(44)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 123 of this Act.

(3) OFFICER.—The term “officer” means, with respect to a business entity, the chairman or vice-chairman of the board of directors of the entity, the chairman or vice-chairman of the executive committee of the board of directors, the president, any vice-president, any assistant vice-president, any senior trust officer, the secretary, any assistant secretary, the treasurer, any assistant treasurer, any trust officer or associate trust officer, the controller, any assistant controller, or any other officer of the entity customarily performing functions similar to those performed by any of the above officers.

(4) SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE.—The term "specialized knowledge” has the meaning given such term in section 214(c)(2)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by section 206(b)(2) of this Act.

(5) SUPERVISOR.— The term “supervisor” means any individual having authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively recommend such action, if in connection with the foregoing the exercise of such authority is not merely of a routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judg. ment.

3 Last sentence was added by $ 302(b)(5) of the Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991 (P.L. 102-232, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1743), effective as if included in the enactment of the Immigration Act of 1990.

PART 3-DIVERSITY IMMIGRANTS

SEC. 131. DIVERSITY IMMIGRANTS.

[Omitted; inserted subsection (c) in section 203.] SEC. 132. DIVERSITY TRANSITION FOR ALIENS WHO ARE NATIVES OF CERTAIN ADVERSELY AF.

FECTED FOREIGN STATES. (a) IN GENERAL.-Notwithstanding the numerical limitations in sections 201 and 202 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, there shall be made available to qualified immigrants described in subsection (b) (or in subsection (d) as the spouse or child of such an alien) 40,000 immigrant visas in each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1994. If the full number of such visas are not made available in fiscal year 1992 or 1993, the shortfall shall be added to the number of such visas to be made available under this section in the succeeding fiscal year.

(b) QUALIFIED ALIEN DESCRIBED.-An alien described in this subsection is an alien who

(1) is a native of a foreign state 5 that was identified as an adversely affected foreign state for purposes of section 314 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986,

(2) has a firm commitment for employment in the United States for a period of at least 1 year (beginning on the date of admission under this section), and

(3) except as provided in subsection (c), is admissible as an immigrant. (c) 6 DISTRIBUTION OF Visa NUMBERS.— The Secretary of State shall provide for making immigrant visas provided under subsection (a) available strictly in a random order among those who qualify during the application period for each fiscal year established by the Secretary of State, except that at least 40 percent of the number of such visas in each fiscal year shall be made available to natives of the foreign state the natives of which received the greatest number of visas issued under section 314 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (or to aliens described in subsection (d) who are the spouses or children of such natives) and except that if more than one application is submitted for any fiscal year (beginning with fiscal year 1993) with respect to any alien all such applications submitted with respect to the alien and fiscal year shall be voided. If the minimum number of such visas are not made available in fiscal year 1992 or 1993 to such natives, the shortfall shall be added to the number of such visas to be made available under this section to such natives in the succeeding fiscal year. In applying this section, natives of Northern Ireland shall be deemed to be natives of Ireland.

(d) DERIVATIVE STATUS FOR SPOUSES AND CHILDREN.—A spouse or child (as defined in section 101(b)(1) (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act) shall, if not otherwise entitled to an immigrant status and the immediate issuance of a visa under this section, be entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration, provided under this section, if accompanying, or following to join, his spouse or parent.

(e) WAIVERS OF GROUNDS OF EXCLUSION.-In determining the admissibility of an alien provided a visa number under this section, the Attorney General shall waive the ground of exclusion specified in paragraph (6)(C) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, unless the Attorney General finds that such a waiver is not in the national interest. In addition, the provisions of section 212(e) of such Act shall not apply so as to prevent an individual's application for a visa or admission under this section. ?

4 The last sentence was added by $ 302(b)(6)(B) of the Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991 (P.L. 102-232, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1743).

5 The phrase "that is not contiguous to the United States and” was stricken by $ 302(b)6)(C) of the Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991 (P.L. 102–232, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1743), effective after fiscal year 1992.

6 The phrase beginning with "strictly” through “Secretary of State” was substituted for “in the chronological order in which aliens apply for each fiscal year”, the phrase "and except that" through "voided" was inserted, and the last sentence was added by $ 302(b)6)(D) of the Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991 (P.L. 102-232, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1743, 1744), effective beginning with fiscal year 1993.

(f) APPLICATION FEE.—The Secretary of State shall require payment of a reasonable fee for the filing of an application under this section in order to cover the costs of processing applications under this section. SEC. 133. ONE-YEAR DIVERSITY TRANSITION FOR ALIENS WHO HAVE BEEN NOTIFIED OF AVAIL

ABILITY OF NP-5 VISAS. Notwithstanding the numerical limitations in sections 201 and 202 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, there shall be made available in fiscal year 1991 immigrant visa numbers for qualified immigrants who

(1) were notified by the Secretary of State before May 1, 1990, of their selection for issuance of a visa under section 314 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, and

(2) are qualified for the issuance of such a visa but for (A) numerical and fiscal year limitations on the issuance of such visas, (B) section 212(aX19) or 212(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, or (C) the fact that the immigrant was a national, but not a native, of a foreign state described in section

314 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Visas shall be made available under this section to spouses and children of qualified immigrants in the same manner as such visas were made available to such spouses and children under section 314 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. The Attorney General may waive section 212(a)(19) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (or, on or after June 1, 1991, section 212(a)(6)(C) of such Act) in the case of qualified immigrants described in the first sentence of this section. SEC. 134. TRANSITION FOR DISPLACED TIBETANS.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding the numerical limitations in sections 201 and 202 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, there shall be made available to qualified displaced Tibetans described in subsection (b) (or in subsection (d) as the spouse or child of such an alien) 1,000 immigrant visas in the 3-fiscal-year period beginning with fiscal year 1991.

(b) QUALIFIED DISPLACED TIBETAN DESCRIBED.—An alien described in this subsection is an alien who

(1) is a native of Tibet, and

(2) since before date of the enactment of this Act, has been continuously resid

ing in India or Nepal. For purposes of paragraph (1), an alien shall be considered to be a native of Tibet if the alien was born in Tibet or is the son, daughter, grandson, or granddaughter of an individual born in Tibet.

(c) DISTRIBUTION OF Visa NUMBERS.—The Secretary of State shall provide for making immigrant visas provided under subsection (a) available to displaced aliens described in subsection (b) (or described in subsection (d) as the spouse or child of such an alien) in an equitable manner, giving preference to those aliens who are not firmly resettled in India or Nepal or who are most likely to be resettled successfully in the United States.

(d) DERIVATIVE STATUS FOR SPOUSES AND CHILDREN.—A spouse or child (as defined in section 101(b)(1) (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act) shall, if not otherwise entitled to an immigrant status and the immediate issuance of a visa under this section, be entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration, provided under this section, if accompanying, or following to join, his spouse or parent.

Subtitle C—Commission and Information

SEC. 141. COMMISSION ON IMMIGRATION REFORM.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT AND COMPOSITION OF COMMISSION.—(1) Effective October 1, 1991, there is established a Commission on Immigration Reform (in this section referred to as the “Commission”) which shall be composed of 9 members to be appointed as follows:

7 The last sentence was added by $ 302(b)(6) EXiii) of the Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991 (P.L. 102-232, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1743), effective as if included in the enactment of the Immigration Act of 1990.

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(A) One member who shall serve as Chairman, to be appointed by the President.

(B) Two members to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives who shall select such members from a list of nominees provided by the Chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

(C) Two members to be appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives who shall select such members from a list of nominees provided by the ranking minority member of the Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees, and International Law of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

(D) Two members to be appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate who shall select such members from a list of nominees provided by the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs of the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

(E) Two members to be appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate who shall select such members from a list of nominees provided by the ranking minority member of the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs of the

Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate. (2) Initial appointments to the Commission shall be made during the 45-day period beginning on October 1, 1991. A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.

(3) Members shall be appointed to serve for the life of the Commission, except that the term of the member described in paragraph (1)(A) shall expire at noon on January 20, 1993, and the President shall appoint an individual to serve for the remaining life of the Commission. (b) FUNCTIONS OF COMMISSION.—The Commission shall

(1) review and evaluate the impact of this Act and the amendments made by this Act, in accordance with subsection (c); and (2) transmit to the Congress

(A) not later than September 30, 1994, a first report describing the progress made in carrying out paragraph (1), and

(B) not later than September 30, 1997, a final report setting forth the Commission's findings and recommendations, including such recommendations for additional changes that should be made with respect to legal im

migration into the United States as the Commission deems appropriate. (c) CONSIDERATIONS.—

(1) PARTICULAR CONSIDERATIONS.—In particular, the Commission shall consider the following:

(A) The requirements of citizens of the United States and of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence to be joined in the United States by immediate family members and the impact which the establishment of a national level of immigration has upon the availability and priority of family preference visas.

(B) The impact of immigration and the implementation of the employment-based and diversity programs on labor needs, employment, and other economic and domestic conditions in the United States.

(C) The social, demographic, and natural resources impact of immigration.

(D) The impact of immigration on the foreign policy and national security interests of the United States.

(E) The impact of per country immigration levels on family-sponsored immigration.

(F) The impact of the numerical limitation on the adjustment of status of aliens granted asylum.

(G) The impact of the numerical limitations on the admission of nonimmigrants under section 214(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. (2) DIVERSITY PROGRAM.—The Commission shall analyze the information maintained under section 203(c)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and shall report to Congress in its report under subsection (b)(2) on

(A) the characteristics of individuals admitted under section 203(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and

(B) how such characteristics compare to the characteristics of family

sponsored immigrants and employment-based immigrants. The Commission shall include in the report an assessment of the effect of the requirement of paragraph (2) of section 203(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act on the diversity, educational, and skill level of aliens admitted.

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