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the other apostles declared that they ought to obey God rather than man.-Acts 5: 29. The decrees and canons of the Romish councils said otherwise, and established their church authority over all. The papal power dethroned kings, it set up kings, it absolved subjects from their allegiance, it desolated the nations by its ambitious projects, and the miserable inhabitants of Europe found by fatal experience the truth of the prophet's words, who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? And it is well known that any who, like myself, opposed his will, paid dearly for it. Verse 5: "And there was given unto him a mouth speak. ing great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months." In this verse, we may consider the bishop of Rome only in his individual capacity, until he assumed the power of nominating and ordaining the bishops. Then he became the supreme father, or papal head. The bishops whom he ordained extended his power, and gave him a mouth wherewith he spake great things and blasphemies. From the poor historical fragments of those times, it appears that this nominating commenced about A. D. 557.

Verse 6: "And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven." In this verse, we have the following facts to consider:

First, the head of the apostate Romish church blasphemed against God by assuming the title of God's vicegerent, and audaciously thrusting aside the Lord Jesus Christ, the true vicegerent. He blasphemed by invoking the virgin Mary as the mother of God, thereby denying His eternity. He blasphemed by the invocation of saints in the room of Jesus Christ, who is the only advocate and friend of sinners. He blasphemed by assuming the name of the universal head of the church, and making canons and institutions therein, and thus destoyed the regal authority of the Redeemer. He

blasphemed by granting pardons and absolutions, and thereby making null the efficacy of the blood of Christ. He blasphemed by desecrating the decalogue, and introducing image worship. In a word, he contrived every form of blasphemous iniquity, in opposition to the will and word of the Most High, and in defiance of His displeasure.

Second, the prophet says, he blasphemed "his name and his tabernacle." The pope claimed all power in heaven, by pretending to have the keys of it; by pardoning sinners and sending them into it; by the discovery of purgatory to prepare them for it, and by trying to keep other sects out of it. He blasphemed and condemned all who denied his own supremacy. He blasphemed the heavenly minded who endeavored to work out their own salvation. He blasphemed and reproached as heretics all who dissented from the Romish church; and he consigned to the flames of hell the innocent followers of the Lamb.

Verse 7 : “And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them and power was given to him over all kindreds, and tongues and nations." We may here observe,

First, the bishops having placed their chief on the papal throne, enabled him to make war on the saints.

Second, by their power and influence though Europe, they enabled him to overcome the saints, and all who dared to oppose his will.

Third, by making him universal head of the church, they enabled him to claim and exert a power over all kindreds, tongues, and nations.

Fourth, great as was the papal power, its hypocrisy exceeded it, for while the popes styled themselves the servants of God, at the same time their tiara proclaimed their superiority over all. With the lips they were often near unto God, but their hearts, as revealed by their deeds, were fully set to do iniquity. Their horrid intrigues, bloody wars, and mer

ciless persecutions, are so well known already, that I omit further mention of here them.

Verse 8: "And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." Through the whole of this book mankind are divided into three classes; the pagan, or sea; the earthly-minded, or earth; the heavenly-minded, who set their affections on things above. In this sense, it is the second class who are the worshippers of this antichristian beast. The Jews, mahomedans, and all other unbelievers of Christ, never worshipped him. The Jews who obeyed the gospel in sincerity, would and did suffer martyrdom in preference to it. And thus it is that they who dwell upon the earth, they who are wilfully ignorant of God's mercy in the revelation of his will by Jesus Christ, and place their affections on worldly things, these are they who become an easy prey to the erroneous doctrines of popery and become the advocates and worshippers of the beast. Sad reflection! their names are not written in the Lamb's book of life.

Verse 9: "If any man have an ear, let him hear.”

Verse 10" He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity he that killeth with the sword shall be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and faith of the saints." In these two verses, the prophet demands our attention in the most solemn and serious manner, to the irrevocable sentence of heaven, denounced against all who teach mankind any doctrines which are contrary to those contained in the Scriptures of truth. Says he, "If any man hath an ear, let him hear;" which implies a call of attention to this particular period of time, when apostacy was making such hasty strides under the papacy. He then, inspired of heaven, pronounces the awful sentence, which no teacher should dare to hold lightly he that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity; implying that those spiritual guides who blind the minds of

the laity, and keep from them the light of Scripture, who teach a lie and not truth, who substitute for the pure commands of God the blasphemous doctrines and traditions of men, and thus lead souls into eternal ruin, shall themselves go into perdition. Blind guides! presuming to lead in a path of which they have no knowledge. Says the Savior of such, "If the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch."-Matt. 15: 14.

Lest his first warning should be insufficient, the prophet adds, he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Read here your doom, O persecutor! If teachers by any means become persecutors, or handle the sword to do hurt to the bodies and souls of men, they are enemies of the eternal Jehovah, and they will draw down upon themselves his vengeance; they shall be eternally killed by the sword of his justice. Vengeance is mine, and I will repay saith the Lord. Rom. 12: 19. And shall not God avenge his own elect, who cry day and night unto him.-Luke 18: 7.

The last clause of the verse shows the faith and patience of the saints, and that their hope is in God alone.

In the former part of this chapter, the Roman power is described by its various appearances, and all are condemned by the prophet as idolators. The account is brought down to the time of the ascension of the bishop of Rome to the papal throne, embracing the period immediately preceding, in which error was disseminated, and enforced by violence. These events gave rise to the papal power, which holy John now describes.

Verse 11: "And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon." Observe the fidelity of this description. As the first beast rose up out of the sea, or heathen part of mankind, this beast, or hierarchy came up out of the earth, or from among the earthly and carnal-minded Christians. His resemblance to a lamb is emblematic of his pretensions to

meekness, and to instruct the inferior clergy, and confirm the laity; but he spoke as a dragon, and none dared to disobey him, their superior. In state as well as church affairs this papal beast meddled, and his bishops still sustain their ancient character.

Verse 12: "And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them that dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed." In this chapter, as well as in the seventeenth, we may perceive the close connection which the prophet preserves between the Christian imperial head and the papal head. The bishops rose up to earthly power under the seventh or Christian head. To this day they hold the seventh head in veneration. In the wars of Constantine, the bishops attended his armies, encouraged his soldiers, and placed him by their influence, on the imperial throne. At their first general council at Nice, their new emperor presided in person, and supported the western bishops in opposition to the eastern, and laid the foundation of that stately edifice the Romish church. Thus the bishops exercised the power they received from the imperial head, before the papal head, and caused the earth, or its earthly and sensual inhabitants, to worship the first beast, whose wound was healed by the papal power.

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Verse 13: "And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men.' ,, Were I to ennumerate all the wonders performed by the Romish beast, time would fail me. See what incomprehensible nonsense they have imposed on the minds and consciences of mankind, in opposition to the express declarations of Scripture, and the dictates of common sense, in the Athanasian creed.

The blasphemous doctrine of transubstantiation requires particular notice. I have subjoined a few remarks upon this point, in which I have incorporated the experience of a re

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