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Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Frozen Lima Beans

SOURCE: $ 52.501 to 52.509 appear at 20 FR. 5051, July 15, 1955, unless otherwise noted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, AND GRADES § 52.501 Product description.

"Frozen lima beans" means the frozen product prepared from the clean, sound, succulent seed of the lima bean plant without soaking, by shelling, washing, blanching, and properly draining, and is then frozen in accordance with good commercial practice and maintained at temperatures necessary for the preservation of the product.

[22 F. R. 1707, Mar. 16, 1957]

§ 52.502

Types of frozen lima beans. (a) "Thin-seeded," such as Henderson Bush and Thorogreen varieties.

(b) "Thick-seeded Baby Potato," such as Baby Potato, Baby Fordhook, and Evergreen.

(c) "Thick-seeded," such as Fordhook variety.

§ 52.503 Grades of frozen lima beans.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good flavor; that are tender; that possess a good color; that are practically free from defects; and that score not less than 90 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Extra Standard" is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good flavor; that are reasonably tender; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably free from defects; and that score not less than 80 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "U. S. Grade C" or "U. S. Standard" is the quality of frozen lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a fairly good flavor; that are fairly tender; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly free from defects; and that score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(d) "Substandard" is the quality of frozen lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

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(b) The scores for the factors of color and absence of defects are determined immediately after thawing to the extent that the product is substantially free from ice crystals and can be handled as individual units. The evaluation of the factors of tenderness and flavor of frozen lima beans is made after thawing and after the product is cooked.

(c) "Good flavor" means that the product has a good, characteristic, normal flavor and odor and is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.

(d) "Fairly good flavor" means that the product may be lacking in good flavor and odor but is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.

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bean green color standard for frozen lima beans.

(2) "White" means that more than 50 percent of the surface area of the individual lima bean is lighter in color than U. S. D. A. lima bean white color standard for frozen lima beans.

(3) The U. S. D. A. frozen lima bean color standards conform to the I. C. I. and other color requirements as specified in Table No. I of this section.

TABLE NO. I-COLOR REQUIREMENTS FOR U. S. D. A. COLOR STANDARDS FOR FROZEN LIMA BEANS

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(4) Information regarding these color standards may be obtained by writing to the Processed Products Standardization and Inspection Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 20250.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen lima beans that possess a good color may be given a score of 54 to 60 points. "Good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a bright typical color and meet the following additional color requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). (i) Not less than 93 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 7 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white, or

(ii) Not less than 97 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 3 percent, by count, may be lighter in color or white lima beans.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Not less than 85 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 15 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen lima beans possess a reasonably good color, a score of 48 to 53 points may be given. Frozen lima beans that fall into

this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). Not less than 65 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 35 percent, by count, may be lighter in color or white beans.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Not less than 60 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and not more than 40 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(d) (C) classification. If the frozen lima beans possess a fairly good color, a score of 42 to 47 points may be given. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins removed); Thick-seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on). Less than 65 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" and all of the lima beans may be white.

(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). Less than 60 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green": Provided, That not more than 20 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen lima beans that are definitely off color or fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 41 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

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(1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable material" means:

(i) Predominantly flat or predominantly cylindrical, green, tender vegetable material, such as pieces of pods or leaves and stems of the lima bean plant; and

(ii) Predominantly spherical vegetable material, such as seeds from other plants.

(2) "Piece of bean" (broken bean) means:

(i) A whole bean from which one-half or more of a cotyledon or the equivalent thereof has become detached;

(ii) Two detached whole cotyledons; (iii) Pieces of detached broken cotyledons aggregating the equivalent of one average size whole cotyledon; and

(iv) A whole detached skin or portions of detached skin aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole skin.

(3) "Shriveled" means lima beans that are materially wrinkled and are not of normal plumpness.

(4) "Sprouted" means lima beans that show an external shoot protruding prominently beyond the cotyledon or skin.

(5) "Light discoloration" means light discoloration of the hilum or other light discoloration which slightly affects but does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the bean.

(6) "Blemished" means blemished by discoloration or blemished by other means to the extent that the appearance or eating quality of the bean is materially affected.

(7) "Seriously blemished" means blemished to such an extent that the appearance or eating quality of the bean is seriously affected.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen lima beans that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 36 to 40 points. "Practically free from defects" means that:

(1) There may be present:

(i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, of predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of 3/16 square inch (1⁄2 inch by % inch) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 1⁄2 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(ii) For each 30 ounces, net weight, one predominantly spherical piece of harmless extraneous vegetable material

measuring not more than 4 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(i) 5 percent, by count, of pieces of beans;1

(ii) 1 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

(iii) 2 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 2 percent, not more than 1/4 thereof or 2 of 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished;

and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen lima beans are reasonably free from defects, a score of 32 to 35 points may be given. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification on account of the presence of shriveled or sprouted beans and of blemished or seriously blemished beans, shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that:

(1) There may be present:

(i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, of predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of % square inch (1⁄2 inch by 3/4 inch) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 3/4 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(ii) For each 30 ounces, net weight, two predominantly spherical pieces of harmless extraneous vegetable material measuring not more than 4 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(i) 10 percent, by count, of pieces of beans;1

(ii) 4 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

1 The percent, by count, of pieces of beans in the sample is determined by dividing the total number of pieces of beans by the total number of beans and pieces of beans and multiplying the quotient by 100.

(iii) 3 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 3 percent, not more than 3 thereof or 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished;

and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

Frozen lima

(d) (C) classification. beans that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 31 points. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that:

(1) There may be present:

(i) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, or predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of 34 square inch (1⁄2 inch or 11⁄2 inches) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 1 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(li) For each 30 ounces, net weight, three predominantly spherical pieces of harmless extraneous vegetable material measuring not more than 4 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(1) 15 percent, by count, of pieces of beans;

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(ii) 8 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

(lii) 4 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 1⁄2 thereof or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished; and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Sub

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irrespective of whether such slices are "corrugated," "fluted,” “wavy,” or “scalloped."

(c) “Quarters" or "quartered beets" means canned beets consisting of quarters of beets.

(d) "Dice" or "diced beets" means canned beets consisting of diced beets.

(e) "Julienne," "French style," or "shoestring" means canned beets consisting of strips of beets.

(f) "Cut" means canned beets consisting of units, irrespective of whether such units are "segmented" or "wedgeshaped," which are not uniform in size or shape or which do not conform to any of the foregoing styles.

(g) "Unit" means an individual beet or portion of a beet in canned beets. § 52.523 Grades of canned beets.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a normal flavor and odor; possess a good color; are practically free from defects; are tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade C" or "U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a normal flavor and odor; possess a fairly good color; are fairly free from defects; are fairly tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "Substandard" is the quality of canned beets that fail to meet the re

quirements of U. S. Grade C or U. 8. Standard.

FILL OF CONTAINER AND DRAINED
WEIGHTS

§ 52.524 Recommended fill of container.

The recommended fill of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. It is recommended that each container be filled as full as practicable with beets without impairment of quality and that the product and packing medium occupy not less than 90 percent of the total capacity of the container.

§ 52.525 Recommended drained weight.

minimum

The minimum drained weight recommendations in Table No. I of this section are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The drained weight of canned beets is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 sieve of proper diameter so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and beets less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the No. 22 size can (401 x 411) and smaller sizes; and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the No. 21⁄2 size can.

TABLE NO. I-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS, IN OUNCES, OF BEETS

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1 Mixed sizes to be based on drained weight for predominant size of individual units.

[20 F.R. 20, Jan. 4, 1955]

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