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(b) "Thick-seeded Baby Potato," such as Baby Potato, Baby Firdhook, and Evergreen varieties;

(c) "Thick-seeded," such as Fordhook variety.

§ 52.473 Grades of canned ima beans. (a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a good color; that are practically free from defects; that possess a practically clear liquor; that possess a good character; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That the canned lima beans may possess a reasonably good character and a fairly clear liquor if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Extra Standard" is the quality of canned lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably free from defects; that possess a reasonably clear liquor; that possess a reasonably good character; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 80 points: Provided, That the canned lima beans may possess a fairly clear liquor if the total score is not less than 80 points.

(c) "U. S. Grade C" or "U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned lima beans that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly free from defects; that possess a fairly clear liquor; that possess a fairly good character; and that score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(d) "Substandard" is the quality of canned lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

FILL OF CONTAINER AND DRAINED WEIGHTS § 52.474 Recommended fill of container.

The recommended fill of container for canned lima beans is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product, since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. It is recommended that each

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The minimum drained weight recommendations in Table No. I of this section are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product, since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The drained weight of canned lima beans is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a United States Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the seive to facilitate drainage and allow to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and the lima beans less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the No. 2 size can (307 x 409) and smaller sizes, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the No. 2 size can. TABLE NO. I-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS (IN OUNCES) OF LIMA BEANS

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TABLE NO. II-SIZES OF LIMA BEANS IN CANNED LIMA BEANS

Word designation: Midget Tiny---.

Size of lima beans

(inches in width)

24 inch in width and smaller. Over 264 inch to and including

30%4 inch in width.

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Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, Consumer and Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 20250.

(1) "Green" with respect to all types of canned lima beans in this subpart means that the color of the individual lima bean possesses as much or more green color than the "U.S.D.A. Color Standard for Canned Thin-Seeded Green Lima Beans".

(ii) "White" with respect to all types of canned lima beans in this subpart means that the color of the individual lima bean is lighter than the "U.S.D.A. Color Standard for Canned Thin-Seeded White Lima Beans".

(b) (A) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a good color may be given a score of 32 to 35 points. "Good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a bright typical color and meet the following additional color requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded types; Thick-seeded Baby Potato type. (1) Not less than 90 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green" defined as aforesaid, and not more than 10 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white, or

(ii) Not less than 97 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green," defined as aforesaid, and not more than 3 percent, by count, may be lighter in color or white lima beans.

(2) Thick-seeded type. Not less than 90 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green," defined as aforesaid, and not more than 10 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 3 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned lima beans possess a reasonably good color, a score of 29 to 31 points may be given. Canned lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type; Thick-seeded Baby Potato type. Not less than 50 percent, by count, of the lima beans are

"green," defined as aforesaid, and not more than 50 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 25 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

(2) Thick-seeded type. Not less than 50 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green," defined as aforesaid, and not more than 50 percent, by count, may be lighter in color: Provided, That not more than 25 percent, by count, of all the lima beans are white.

Canned lima

(d) (C) classification. beans that possess a fairly good color may be given a score of 26 to 28 points. Canned lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color" means that the lima beans, regardless of type, possess a typical color and meet the following additional requirements for the respective types:

(1) Thin-seeded type; Thick-seeded Baby Potato type. Less than 50 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green," defined as aforesaid, and all of the lima beans may be white.

(2) Thick-seeded type. Less than 50 percent, by count, of the lima beans are "green," defined as aforesaid, and all of the lima beans may be white.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned lima beans that are definitely off color or fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 25 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

[18 F.R. 7933, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 25 F.R. 2005, Mar. 9, 1960]

§ 52.480 Clearness of liquor.

(a) (A) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a practically clear liquor may be given a score of 9 or 10 points. "Practically clear liquor" may be given a score of 9 or 10 points. "Practically clear liquor" means that the liquor may be slightly cloudy and that not more than a small amount of sediment is present.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned lima beans possess a reasonably clear liquor, a score of 7 or 8 points may be given. "Reasonably clear liquor" means that the liquor may be somewhat cloudy and may contain a considerable amount of sediment.

(c) (C) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a fairly clear liquor may be given a score of 5 or 6 points. "Fairly clear liquor" means that the liquor may be dull in color but not to the extent that the appearance is seriously affected, and may be rather viscous cream-like, or starchy.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a liquor that is definitely off color for any reason or that contains an excessive amount of sediment may be given a score of 0 to 4 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is limiting rule).

§ 52.481 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from extraneous vegetable matter, from loose skins, loose cotyledons, broken beans, sprouted beans, and from beans that show light discloration or that are blemished or seriously blemished.

(1) "Extraneous vegetable matter" means pods or pieces of pods, leaves, stems, and other similar vegetable matter.

(2) "Broken bean" means a bean from which one-half or more of a cotyledon or the equivalent thereof has become detached; or pieces of cotyledon aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole cotyledon.

(3) "Loose cotyledon" means a whole cotyledon which has become separated from the skin.

(4) "Loose skin" means a whole skin or portions of skin aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole skin which has become separated from the cotyledons.

(5) "Light discoloration" means light discoloration of the hilum or other light discoloration which slightly affects but does not materially affect the appearance of the bean.

(6) "Sprouted" means lima beans that show an external shoot protruding beyond the cotyledon or skin.

(7) "Blemished" means blemished by discoloration, pathological injury, insect injury, or blemished by other means, other than by light discoloration which is not considered blemished, to such an extent that the aggregate blemished area materially affects the appearance or eating quality of a bean or any detached piece of a bean.

(8) "Seriously blemished" means blemished to such an extent that the aggregate blemished area seriously affects the appearance or eating quality of a bean or any detached piece of a bean.

(b) (A) classification. Canned lima beans that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 22 to 25 points. "Practically free from defects" means that the aforesaid defects, individually or collectively, do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. The following allowances provide a guide for scoring canned lima beans which are practically free from defects:

(1) For each 10 ounces drained weight, of beans there may be present:

(i) 1 piece, or pieces, of extraneous. vegetable matter having an aggregate area of 16 square inch (1⁄2" x %'') on one surface of the piece, or pieces;

(ii) 3 percent, by count, of loose skins; (iii) 5 percent, by count, of broken beans and loose cotyledons;

(iv) 1 percent, by count, of sprouted beans; and

(v) 2 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 2 percent, not more than 4 thereof or 1⁄2 of 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned lima beans are reasonably free from defects, a score of 20 or 21 points may be given. Canned lima beans that fall into. this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that the aforesaid defects, individually or collectively, do not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. The following allowances provide a guide for scoring canned lima beans which are reasonably free from defects:

(1) For each 10 ounces drained weight of beans there may be present:

(i) 1 piece, or pieces, of extraneous vegetable matter having an aggregate area of more than 36 square inch but not more than % square inch (1⁄2" x 34") on one surface of the piece, or pieces;

(ii) 5 percent, by count, of loose skins; (iii) 10 percent, by count, of broken beans and loose cotyledons;

(iv) 4 percent, by count, of sprouted beans; and

(v) 3 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of

such 3 percent, not more than 3 thereof or 1 percent by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished.

(d) (C) classification. Canned lima beans that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 18 or 19 points. Canned lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that the aforesaid defects, individually or collectively, do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. The following allowances provide a guide for scoring canned lima beans which are fairly free from defects:

(1) For each 10 ounces drained weight of beans there may be present:

(i) 1 piece, or pieces, of extraneous vegetable matter having an aggregate area of more than 3% square inch, but not more than 34 square inch (1⁄2" x 11⁄2'') on one surface of the piece, or pieces;

(ii) 8 percent, by count, of loose skins; (iii) 15 percent, by count, of broken beans and loose cotyledons;

(iv) 8 percent, by count, of sprouted beans; and

(v) 4 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 1/2 thereof or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished.

Canned

(e) (SStd) classification. lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 17 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

§ 52.482 Character.

The factor of character refers to the tenderness and maturity of the product.

(a) (A) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. "Good character" means that the lima beans are young and tender.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned lima beans possess a reasonably good character, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. "Reasonably good character" means that the lima beans are reasonably young and reasonably tender.

(c) (C) classification. Canned lima beans that possess a fairly good character may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned lima beans that fall into this

classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" means that the lima beans may be nearly mature and possess a fairly tender texture, may be firm and mealy but not hard, or may be soft but not mushy.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.483 Ascertaining the grade of a lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (§§ 52.1 to 52.87).

[22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957]

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