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(a) "Spears" (or "stalks") style consists of units composed of the head and adjoining portion of the shoot that are 3 inches or more in length.

(b) "Tips" style consists of units composed of the head and adjoining portion of the shoot that are less than 3 inches in length.

(c) "Cut spears" or "cuts and tips" style consists of the head and portions of the shoot cut transversely into units 2 inches or less but not less than one-half inch in length. To be considered of this style, head material shall be present in these amounts for the respective lengths of cuts:

(1) 14 inches or less. Not less than 18 percent (average) by count, of all cuts, are head material.

(2) Longer than 14 inches. Not less than 25 percent (average) by count, of all cuts are head material.

(d) "Center cuts" or "cuts" style consists of portions of shoots (with or without head material) that are cut transversely into units not less than one-half inch in length and that fail to meet the definition for "cut spears" or "cuts and tips" style.

DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

§ 52.384 Definitions of terms.

(a) Absolute limit (AL). Limit for maximum number of defects permitted in a sample unit.

(b) Defects. Any specifically defined variation from a particular requirement. Defects are classified as to "minor," "major," "severe," and "critical."

(c) Head. In "cut spears" or "cuts and tips" style means:

(1) A tip end which is three-eighths inch or more in length; or

(2) An upper portion of a shoot which possesses a substantial amount of compact head material.

(d) Sample. The number of sample units to be used for inspection of the lot.

(e) Sample unit. The amount of product specified to be used for inspection. It may be:

(1) The entire contents of a container, or

(2) A portion of the contents of a container,

(3) A combination of the contents of two or more containers, or

(4) A portion of unpackaged product. (f) Unit. The term "unit", not otherwise qualified, means any individual portion of an asparagus shoot threeeighths inch of more in length.

(g) Loose material. "Loose material" means any loose or shattered asparagus material and cut or broken pieces that are less than three-eighths inch in length.

[34 F.R. 5152, Mar. 13, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 5662, Apr. 8, 1970]

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134 F.R. 5152, Mar. 13, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 5662, Apr. 8, 1970]

§ 52.387 Size classification and compli

ance.

Frozen asparagus in "spears" and "tips" styles are considered as meeting the designated single size or blend of sizes, if they meet the criteria specified in Tables II and III. Defects are classified as to minor, major, and severe. Each “X” mark in Table II represents "one (1) defect."

GRADES, FACTORS OF QUALITY, AND GRADE COMPLIANCE

§ 52.388

Grades.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" (or "U.S. Fancy") is the quality of frozen asparagus that is of similar varietal characteristics; that has a good flavor and odor; that has no

Single sizes: Small..

Medium....

Large.....

Extra-Large.

Blends of sizes:

Size classification

Small/Medium Blend.....

Medium/Large Blend.....

Large/Extra-Large Blend....

Small/Medium/Large Blend.

Medium/Large/Extra-Large Blend..

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1 In any sample unit, except the first one of 50 spears or tips.

2 "Total"-the sum of "Severe", "Major", and "Minor" defects, as applicable.

3 In "Blends of Sizes", "Minor" and "Total" defects are the same.

[34 F.R. 5152, Mar. 13, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 5662, Apr. 8, 1970]

grit or silt present that affects the appearance or edibility of the product; in which no more than 5 percent, by weight, of loose material may be present; and that has an attractive appearance and eating quality within the limits specified for the various quality factors.

(b) "U.S. Grade B" or ("U.S. Extra Standard") is the quality of frozen asparagus that is of similar varietal characteristics; that has a good flavor and odor; that has no more than a trace of grit or silt present that slightly affects the appearance or edibility of the product; in which no more than 10 percent, by weight, of loose material may be present; and that has a reasonably attractive appearance and eating quality within the limits specified for the various quality factors.

(c) "Substandard" is the quality of

TABLE IV

frozen asparagus that fails to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B.

[34 F.R. 5152, Mar. 13, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 5663, Apr. 8, 1970]

§ 52.389 Factors of quality and grade compliance.

(a) The grade of a lot of frozen asparagus is based on compliance with requirements for the following quality factors:

(1) Color (Table IV);

(2) Uniformity of lengths (Table IV); (3) Character (Table V);

(4) Damage (Table V); and

(5) Harmless extraneous vegetable material (Table VI).

(b) Defects are classified as to minor, major, severe, or critical. Each "X" mark in Tables IV, V, and VI represents "one (1) defect."

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All types:

Cut Spear; Cuts and Tips; "Cuts"; Center Cuts styles:
White or yellowish-white; or partially of such color..
Uniformity of length..... Spears; Tips styles: Any unit which varies more than 111⁄2

inches from the predominant length of the sample unit.
Cut Spears; Cut and Tips; Cuts: Center Cuts Style:
Any unit of cut asparagus, less than 1⁄2 inch in length
(excluding head material or loose material)..
Any unit of cut asparagus, more than 2 inches in length..

X

TABLE V

CLASSIFICATION OF DEFECTS

Character-Damage

X

X

X

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1 For interpretative guides, see USDA illustrations of "Stages of Development in Frozen Asparagus," filed with the Office of the Federal Register as part of the original document.

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In any sample unit, except the first one of 50 spears or tips. 2 "Total"-the sum of "Critical", "Severe", "Major", and "Minor" defects, as applicable.

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1 In any sample unit, except the first one of 100 cuts.

2 "Total"-the sum of "Critical", "Severe", "Major", and "Minor" defects, as applicable. [34 F.R. 5152, Mar. 13, 1969, as amended at 35 F.R. 5663, Apr. 8, 1970]

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Inspection of Processed Fruits and Vegetables and Related Products" (§§ 52.152.87).

(b) Acceptance numbers. The acceptance numbers for deviants specified in the sampling plans cited in paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to these standards.

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