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The Notes are hints and suggestions rather than disquisitions. Arguments for amended translations and quotations of authorities are generally omitted, in my dominant wish so to condense the annotations as not to withdraw the reader's attention too long from the sacred text.

Of course in such a work an examination of MS. readings has no part, and therefore no criticisms upon the MS. value of such passages as Mark xvi. 9–20 and John viii. 2-11 are submitted.

My earnest desire is that the Divine Word may speak more unobstructedly to the heart. It is this blessed Word which gives light to the mind (Ps. cxix. 130) and which sanctifies the sinner (John xv. 3, xvii. 17-19; Eph. v. 26), and if one soul be induced by these Notes to study more carefully the Divine Revelation, my labour is rewarded and my prayer answered. I have the honour to subscribe myself

Your attached friend,

HOWARD CROSBY. New BRUNSWICE, N. J.,

March 2, 1863.

(UNIVERSITY

OF

СА

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO

SAINT MATTHEW.

TO

Matthew's.

Luke's.

Matthew'

Luke's.

CHAPTER I.

2 Abraham begat Isaac; and THE book of the generation of Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob

Jesus Christ, the son of David, begat Judas and his brethren; the son of Abraham.

3 And Judas begat Phares and Chap. I.-1. Book, that is, " roll” or rations are omitted, probably as thus “account." This word does not refer found omitted, for some unknown reato the whole Gospel, but only to the fol- son, in the public registers. We know lowing genealogical statement and ac- of the omission of Ahaziah, Joash, and count of Christ's birth. Generation. | Amaziah between Joram and Ozias, and This genealogy differs widely from that we may reasonably believe that between of Luke (iii. 23). Luke's begins at David and Christ, during a period of Adam, Matthew's at Abraham; and 1100 years, there were more than 27 from David downward the two evange generations. Luke's genealogy probalists pursue different lines. As both bly has no omissions after David. It these lines end with Joseph, the suppos- contains 56 names to Matthew's 41. ed father of Christ, there is an apparent We might synchronize the lists from discrepancy. Calvin solves it by saying Jesse down thus: that Matthew's genealogy is the legal and Luke's the natural, the former showing the line of regal inheritance

David David Salathiel Salathiel only. The word “begat" is a fatal ob

Solomon Nathan Zorobabel Zorobabel jection to that view. Matthew's is evi- Roboam Mattatha dently the natural line of Joseph, al

Abind though many links in the chain are

Josaphat Eliakim Eliakim Joseph wanting. A man may be said to “be- Joram get” his great-grand-child, but not his

Joseph Azor Mattathias nephew.

Maath Luke's genealogy may then

Nagge be considered (according to the com

Esli monly-received opinion) as the geneal. Joatham Matthat Achim ogy of Mary, and of Joseph by adop- Achaz

Ezekias Eliezer Eliud Mattathias tion. Joseph was the son of Heli, Ma

Jose

Joseph ry's father, although Heli did not beget Manasses

Eleazer him. Sonship can be adoptive-beget

Elmodam

Matthan ting can not. Notwithstanding the dif

Matthat ference between the two genealogies,

Melohi Jacob they both have the names of Salathiel Jechonias Neri Joseph 1.Joseph and Zorobabel. We may explain this by the same theory of adoption. Sala- The average length of a gerieration, by thiel may have married Neri's daughter Luke's genealogy, from David to Christ, or otherwise have been adopted by Neri, is between 26 and 27 years. It is highduring the dark days of the Babylonish ly probable that both the lists make captivity, when the royal name of Jecho- omissions between Esrom and David, nias was of small account; and so he the time from Esrom's boyhood (when is shown to be doubly the descendant of Jacob's family came into Egypt) to Da. David. From Zorobabel the lines run vid's birth having been about 600 years, through different sons. In Matthew's and being represented by only 8 generagenealogy, several (perhaps many) gene. I tions.- 3. Thamar, his daughter-in

Abia
Asa

Menan
Melea

Rhesa Joanne Juda

Jonan

Semei

Juda
Simeon
Levi

Sadoc

Ozias

Naum
Amos

Jorim

Er

Janna
Melchi
Levi

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Heli

Zara of Thamar; and Phares be- 12 And after they were brought gat Esrom; and Esrom begat to Babylon, Jechonias begat SaAram;

lathiel; and Salathiel begat Zo4 And Aram begat Aminadab; robabel; and Aminadab begat Naasson; 13 And Zorobabel begat Abiand Naasson begat Salmon; ud; and Abiud begat Eliakim;

5 And Salmon begat Booz of and Eliakim begat Azor; Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of 14 And Azor begat Sadoc; Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; and Sadoc begat Achim; and

6 And Jesse begat David the Achim begat Eliud; king; and David the king begat 15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; Solomon of her that had been the and Eleazar begat Matthan; and wife of Urias;

Matthan begat Jacob; 7 And Solomon begat Ro- 16 And Jacob begat Joseph boam; and Roboam begat Abia; the husband of Mary, of whom and Abia begat Asa;

was born Jesus, who is called 8 And Asa begat Josaphat; Christ. and Josaphat begat Joram; and 17 So all the generations from Joram begat Ozias;

Abraham to David are fourteen 9 And Ozias begat Joatham; generations; and from David until and Joatham begat Achaz; and the carrying away into Babylon Achaz begat Ezekias;

are fourteen generations; and 10 And Ezekias begat Manas. from the carrying away into Babyses; and Manasses begat Amon; lon unto Christ are fourteen geneand Amon begat Josias;

rations. 11 And Josias begat Jechonias 18 | Now the birth of Jesus and his brethren, about the time Christ was on this wise: When they were carried away to Baby- as his mother Mary was espoused lon;

to Joseph, before they came tolaw (Gen. xxxviii. 6).- -5. Raehab, the harlot of Jericho (Josh. ii. 1). Pos

(Jehoiachin)

Roboain
sibly Salmon, her husband, was one of
the Israelitish spies.- -6. Her that
had been the wife of Urias. Bathshe-

Josaphat
ba (2 Sam. xi. 3).- -11. Jechonias.
Although this Greek name is given to
Jehoiachin in the Septuagint, yet as the
Septuagint also gives both Jehoiakim

Matthan and Jehoiachin the name of “Joakeim," 12 Obed I am inclined to think that this name

Joseph

Jechonias Jechonias belongs to both, and that in 14 David

(Jehoiakim) this verse it refers to Jehoiakim, while in ver. 12 it refers to Jehoiachin.- For the repetition of “Jechonias," see 16. Who is called Christ, i, e., “who note on ver. 11. These generations is called the Anointed,” referring to the are fourteen, not according to their full Hebrew word “Messiah," of which number, but according to their registry, “Christ” (anointed) is the Greek, many generations, as we have seen, hav17. Fourtoen generations. Thus: ing been omitted.-18. When as his

Jechonias

1 Abraham Solomon
2 Isaac
3 Jacob Abia
4 Judas

Asa
5 Phares
6 Esrom Joram
7 Aram

Ozias
8 Aminadab Joatham
9 Naasson Achaz
10 Salmon Ezekias
11 Booz

Manasses

Amon 13 Jesse

Josias

Salathiel
Zorobabel
Abiud
Eliakim
Azor
Sadoc
Achim
Eliud
Eleazar

9

Jacob

Jesus

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gether, she was found with child name Emmanuel, which being inof the Holy Ghost.

terpreted is, God with us. 19 Then Joseph her husband, 24 Then Joseph being raised being a just man, and not willing from sleep did as the angel of to make her a public example, the Lord had bidden him, and was minded to put her away took unto him his wife : privily.

25 And knew her not till she 20 But while he thought on had brought forth her firstborn these things, behold, the angel of son: and he called his name JE. the Lord appeared unto him in a SUS. dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto

CHAPTER II. thee Mary thy wife: for that

OW when Jesus was born in which is conceived in her is of the Bethlehem of Judea in the Holy Ghost.

days of Herod the king, behold, 21 And she shall bring forth a there came wise men from the son, and thou shalt call his name cast to Jerusalem, JESUS: for he shall save his 2 Saying, Where is be that is people from their sins.

born King of the Jews ? for we 22 Now all this was done, that have seen his star in the east, it might be fulfilled which was and are come to worship him. spoken of the Lord by the pro

3 When Herod the king had phet, saying,

heard these things, he was troubled, 23 Behold, a virgin shall be and all Jerusalem with him. with child, and shall bring forth

4 And when he had gathered a son, and they shall call his all the chief priests and scribes of

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save, &c.

mother. “As” is superfluous.-20. of his cruelty. See on chap. xiv. 1. The angel.

Rather an angel." Wise men. The Greek term is “Magi," 21. He shall save. The “he” is em- and refers to the large Persian and Chalphatic in the Greek, and the meaning of dean caste of priestly philosophers, with the clause is that be by his own power whom astronomy, or rather astrology, and without the help of any other should was a favorite science.- -2. His star.

The word “ Jesus” is the From the description of the movement Greek form of Jehoshua or Joshua, and of this star in the 9th verse (" went bemeans “Jehovah-Saviour.”

fore” and “came and stood over "), we II.-1. Bethlehem of Judea, so called conclude that it was a supernatural apto distinguish it from Bethlehem of Zeb- pearance in star form, an appropriate ulon (Josh. xix. 15). It is 6 miles S. apparition and guide to those eastern of Jerusalem. Herod. This was Herod star-gazers. The phrases used show the Great, now in the last years of his that it could not have been an ordinary brilliant and cruel reign. He was the star or any heavenly body. God probson of Antipater, an Idumean, and had ably permitted this miraculous phenom. become king of all Palestine by means enon to coincide with their astrological of his interest with the power of Rome. deductions in pointing the way to Judea He had somewhat defended his title to and Judea's King. * In the east,” i. e., the throne by marrying the heiress of when we were in the east.- -4. Where the Maccabæan princes of Judah. She Christ should be born. The question of had, however, been one of the victims | Herod shows that the Jews were await

the people together, he demanded young child with Mary his moof them where Christ should be ther, and fell down, and worshipborn.

ped him: and when they had 5 And they said unto him, In opened their treasures, they preBethlehem of Judea : for thus it sented unto him gifts; gold, and is written by the prophet,

frankincense, and myrrh. 6 And thou Bethlehem, in the 12 And being warned of God land of Juda, art not the least in a dream that they should not among the princes of Juda : for return to Herod, they departed out of thee shall come a Gover into their own country another nor, that shall rule my people Is- way. rael.

13 And when they were de7 Then Herod, when he had parted, behold, the angel of the privily called the wise men, in- Lord appeareth to Joseph in a quired of them diligently what dream, saying, Arise, and take time the star appeared.

the young child and his mother, 8 And he sent them to Bethle- and flee into Egypt, and be thou hem, and said, Go and search dil. there until I bring thee word: igently for the young child; and for Herod will seek the young when ye have found him, bring child to destroy him. me word again, that I may come 14 When he arose, he took the and worship him also.

young child and his mother by 9 When they had heard the night, and departed into Egypt: king, they departed; and, lo, the 15 And was there until the star, which they saw in the east, death of Herod : that it might be went before them, till it came | fulfilled which was spoken of the and stood over where the young Lord by the prophet, saying, child was.

Out of Egypt have I called my 10 When they saw the star, son. they rejoiced with exceeding great 16 4 Then Herod, when he joy.

saw that he was mocked of the 11 And when they were wise men, was exceeding wroth, come into the house, they saw the and sent forth, and slew all the

ing their Messiah, and the conduct of have gone to the tyrant Herod to make Herod shows that, like the Jewish peo- inquiry. Frankincense and myrrh were ple, he was looking for him as a tempo- rather divine than regal offerings.ral prince, a rival for his usurped throne. 12. Being warned of God. Though the

-6. The evangelists frequently give name of God is not in the original, yet the general sense of a prophet in quota- the verb is one used regarding Divine tion, without a verbal exactness, as in warnings.- -13. The angel. Rather“an this case. This is quoted from Micah v. angel."- -15. “Out of Egypt have I 2.—7. Privily. Probably ashamed to called my son (Hosea xi. 1). Israel make more public his trepidation.- was a type of Christ in taking refuge in 11. The action of the Magi denoted re- Egypt and in leaving that land. But in ligious worship. They would not, if the rest of Hosea's prophecy the type seeking a temporal king of the Jews, I does not appear.-16. All the chil

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