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Ms. MCKINNEY. I don't think there is any doubt.

A very strong no.

Ms. RUSH. Ms. McKinney votes no.

Mr. Hilliard.

Mr. HILLIARD. No.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Hilliard votes no.

Mr. Sherman.

Mr. SHERMAN. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Sherman votes yes.
Mr. Wexler.

Mr. WEXLER. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Wexler votes yes.

Mr. Davis.

Mr. DAVIS OF FLORIDA. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Davis votes yes.
Mr. Engel.

Mr. ENGEL. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Engel votes yes.
Mr. Delahunt.

Mr. DELAHUNT. No.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Delahunt votes no.

Mr. Meeks.

Mr. MEEKS. No.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Meeks votes no.

Ms. Lee.

[No response.]

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Crowley.

[No response.]

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Hoeffel.

Mr. HOEFFEL. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Hoeffel votes yes.

Mr. Blumenauer.

Mr. BLUMENAUER. No.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Blumenauer votes no.

Ms. Berkley.

Ms. BERKLEY. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Ms. Berkley votes yes.

Mrs. Napolitano.

Mrs. NAPOLITANO. No.

Ms. RUSH. Mrs. Napolitano votes no.
Mr. Schiff.

Mr. SCHIFF. Aye.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Schiff votes a yes.

Ms. Watson.

[No response.]

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Hyde.

Chairman HYDE. Aye.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Hyde votes yes.

Chairman HYDE. Mr. Burton.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton is not recorded.

Mr. BURTON. I will vote yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton votes yes.
Chairman HYDE. Mr. Chabot.

Mr. CHABOT. Aye.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Chabot votes yes.
Chairman HYDE. Mr. Chris Smith.
Mr. SMITH OF NEW JERSEY. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Smith votes yes.
Chairman HYDE. Mr. McHugh.
Mr. MCHUGH. No-yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. McHugh votes yes.
Chairman HYDE. Mr. Pitts.

Mr. PITTS. Yes.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Pitts votes yes.

Chairman HYDE. Have all voted who wish?

The clerk will report.

Ms. RUSH. Mr. Chairman, on this vote there are 31 ayes and 11

noes.

Chairman HYDE. And the motion is agreed to. My congratulations to the Committee.

The gentlelady from Georgia.

Ms. MCKINNEY. Mr. Chairman, I would like to request that Members have the opportunity to file dissenting and additional views, as well as extraneous material to be included in the report accompanying the resolution.

Chairman HYDE. Pursuant to the rule, the gentlelady will, of course, be granted that privilege. However, in order for the House to have the benefit of the Committee's report and the gentlelady's views prior to the Floor consideration, I would ask the gentlelady's cooperation in submitting her views for inclusion in the report by the close of business tomorrow. This will enable the report to be assembled, filed and printed in a timely manner.

Would the gentlelady agree with that?

Ms. MCKINNEY. Mr. Chairman, is there any way possible it could be by the close of business on Monday?

Chairman HYDE. Monday morning?

Ms. MCKINNEY. Okay, Monday morning.
What time, Mr. Chairman?

Chairman HYDE. Ten.

Ms. MCKINNEY. Ten Monday morning; it is agreed.

Chairman HYDE. Mr. Brown.

Mr. BROWN. Just an inquiry. Ms. Lee and Ms. Watson, who expressed their votes, those were not actually-expressed their desired position, those were not actually counted in the votes; is that correct?

Chairman HYDE. No. The votes cannot be counted unless you are

here.

Mr. BROWN. I would just say, Mr. Chairman, that something as important as this, the media at least should understand that there were at least two more votes in this Committee of people or three more, counting Mr. Houghton-at least three more when they look at the vote down here

Chairman HYDE. Well, Mr. Faleomavaega would have voted the other way.

Mr. BROWN [continuing]. With those other ones announced.
That is fine.

Chairman HYDE. Without objection, the preamble and resolving clauses shall each be reported as single amendments incorporating

any-well, there were no amendments adopted by the Committeeexcept my amendment; that is right.

Without objection, the Chairman is authorized to move to go to conference pursuant to House Rule XXII. Without objection, staff is directed to make any technical and conforming changes.

The Committee stands adjourned.

[Whereupon, at 4:15 p.m., the Committee was adjourned.]

APPENDIX

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

PREPARED STATEMENT OF THE HONORABLE JOSEPH R. PITTS, A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA

Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Today we are considering a resolution that, without a doubt, weighs heavy on everyone's heart.

To cast a vote on whether or not to authorize our President to use military force against an enemy is one the most important responsibilities we have as Members of Congress.

This is not an easy decision. It is a very complex state of affairs that will have foreign policy and national security implications for many years-beyond the service of many Members here today.

So, we must not simply think about today, but we must also think about what the future holds.

With this said, we must look at the big picture.

It is a complex picture, but there are several things we do know for sure.

1) For many years, Saddam Hussein has brutally oppressed his people. He has committed mass murder, mass starvation, and gross violations of human rights.

2) Saddam Hussein has developed chemical and biological weapons with the capability to attack neighboring countries, like Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia-our allies.

3) Saddam has already used chemical and biological weapons against his own people and his enemies we know he is not afraid to use them.

4) Saddam has vowed to use these weapons against anyone or any country that stands in his way, including the U.S., our allies, and even the Shia population in his own country.

5) Saddam is seeking nuclear weapons and is not far from obtaining this capability, and

6) For over a decade, Saddam has routinely disregarded the will of the U.N. and obstructed its weapons inspectors.

I could go on, but the point is clear. Saddam is a tyrant and a madman that poses a direct threat to the United States, our allies, and his own people. His reign of terror must end.

That is why we are here today. And that is why we must pass this resolution today without amendment.

The timing is right. We must give the President the full authority to use force when he deems it is the right time. If now is not the time, then when? When Saddam's launches an attack against the U.S. or one of our allies, or when he provides terrorists with the capability to attack us?

Some have said that the use of military force against Saddam will destabilize the region. But, Saddam has already destabilized the region. Other nations and the vast majority of Arab people in the region do not like Saddam, they fear him. They know what he can do and that he his willing to do it.

They know that Saddam is bent on an imperialist vision that will establish him in history as a "great" man-a conqueror, prophet, and king.

Further, some will say that this authorization will lead to unilateral action. It is my hope that we do not have to act unilaterally, and I believe that when the time is right, we will not have to.

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