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Page 7, strike line 24 and all that follows through

line 20 on page 8 and insert the following:


2 TION. In connection with the exercise of the authority

3 granted in subsection (a) to use force, the President 4 shall

















(1) prior to such exercise, instruct the United States representative to the United Nations to use the voice and vote of the United States to urge the United Nations to provide for the establishment of an armed multinational force under the auspices of the United Nations to ensure that international weapons inspectors are able to carry out robust, unhindered, and comprehensive inspections of any and all Iraqi installations and facilities relating to its nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons pro

grams, including the means to deliver and develop such weapons; and

(2) prior to such exercise or as soon thereafter as may be feasible, but no later than 48 hours after exercising such authority, make available to the

Speaker of the House of Representatives and the





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President pro tempore of the Senate his determina

tion that

(A) reliance by the United States on further diplomatic or other peaceful means alone

either (i) will not adequately protect the national security of the United States against the

continuing threat posed by Iraq or (ii) is not likely to lead to enforcement of all relevant

United Nations Security Council resolutions regarding Iraq; and

(B) acting pursuant to this resolution is consistent with the United States and other countries continuing to take the necessary actions against international terrorists and terrorist organizations, including those nations, or

ganizations or persons who planned, authorized, committed or aided the terrorists attacks that

occurred on September 11, 2001.

82-194 D-7

Mr. BLUMENAUER. I would ask that we suspend the reading. Chairman HYDE. Certainly. Let her designate it first. Just read the heading.

Ms. RUSH. Amendment offered by Mr. Blumenauer, page 7, strike line 24

Chairman HYDE. Without objection, further reading of the amendment is dispensed with. Mr. Blumenauer is recognized for 10 whole minutes.

Mr. BLUMENAUER. Mr. Chairman, I assure you I will not use that time. I get the sense of the spirit in which you would like to move it forward.

Chairman HYDE. Bless you, Mr. Blumenauer.

Mr. BLUMENAUER. It is not my intention to seek a recorded vote. I have been largely quiet throughout this hearing. I have two observations that I would wish to offer up. One speaks to the process which we have been going through, Mr. Chairman, which I think is very, very important. I feel more optimistic about what is going on and don't feel the need for us to be channeled very narrowly.

We have watched for the last 2 months as we have seen a sort of flailing about from the Administration, a number of inconsistent statements. But I think we are moving it to a better path. Maybe part of the reason that things are moving along a little better was some of this early inconsistency and flailing about. But we are back to the United Nations. We are working with potential partners.

I appreciate what the Committee leadership and the House leadership did working with the Administration to improve upon the resolution that was originally brought forward. I think we are moving in the right direction. ing

I do think, however, that the Committee has an important role to play in allowing this process to move forward. I always am stunned and impressed by the presentation from my Democratic colleagues. The Committee leadership has honed in and advanced this discussion. I have been touched, frankly, by some of the remarks from some of the people on the other side of the aisle, from Mr. Bereuter, Mr. Leach, Mr. Smith, Mr. Tancredo. There have been important things that have been put on the record.

But this is a more important process for us to play rather than trying to seek some sort of elusive consensus here on Capitol Hill. I think that is building the base of understanding and support with the American public, and we are not there yet by a long shot.

And I think our working through some of these concepts here and, God forbid, even accepting a few amendments that intellectually make sense, that strengthen this proposal, that means that the Committee is doing its job.

The leadership, in its wisdom-it has done it; we have seen that this congressional system can strip it away, change it in the Rules Committee if they want, but I think we have an obligation to put forth the best possible product. We continue to do so.

The substance of the amendment that I would offer up is to seek support for the concept of coercive, muscular sanctions that were articulated before this Committee by Jessica Mathews and General Charles Boyd, working with the people from the Carnegie Endowment for 6 months. It would help us avoid the trap of a simple attack or relying on the failed inspections scheme of the past. Adopt

ing this approach would entail little or no risk. If it were rejected, it would, in fact, put us in a stronger position to build potential partnerships, to continue to put pressure on the United Nations.

Mr. Speaker-excuse me, Mr. Chairman-I think the last 2 months of turmoil have left us all better off. The Administration is not where it was. It is more focused and it is moving, I think, in the right direction. Congress is working with the Administration to produce a resolution which, although not ideal by any stretch of the imagination, is better. I think we can make it better still.

Now, there are clear indications that the resolution is not going to be changed here in this Committee. But this Committee is not going to be the last word in this hearing. And I hope, Mr. Chairman, with your leadership, and Mr. Lantos', with the goodwill of the Members of this Committee, that we can find ways to carry forward these important principles and concepts.

Chairman HYDE. Would the gentleman yield? I want to congratulate the gentleman on an excellent amendment. It is a good idea. It is so good that it is what the government is already doing-attempting to fashion, an armed multinational force by the United Nations to effectuate the inspection regime.

I would appreciate it if the gentleman would withdraw this amendment on my assurances that it will be very favorably mentioned in the report as an idea that is already being implemented, but is very helpful.

Mr. BLUMENAUER. Mr. Chairman, I will withdraw the amendment.

I want to say that I hope that our Committee can continue to find ways to hone in on the important discussions that we have had here to give voice to the concerns of the Committee Members and move this forward over the course of the next few months. We are coming back before the next Congress is installed, and I hope there may be ways to build upon it.

I appreciate your kind comments and I withdraw my amendment.

Chairman HYDE. There is an old adage in practicing law: When you have won the case, you get out of the courtroom before the judge changes his mind. But Mr. Lantos wants to talk.

Mr. LANTOS. I just want to commend my friend for an excellent statement.

Chairman HYDE. I associate myself, as always, with Mr. Lantos' remarks. The amendment is withdrawn.

Are there other amendments? Mr. Delahunt has an amendment. The clerk will report the amendment.

[The information referred to follows:]

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