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CHAPTER I. Different Forms of Government, and

13, 14

Political State of the Hebrews, or Jews, from the

14

Patriarchal Times to the Babylonian Captivity.

15

I. Patriarchal Government .

16,17

II. Government under Moses,-a Theocracy; its na:

17

ture and Design

ib.

1. Heads, or Princes of Tribes and Families

17, 18

2. Jethronian Prefects, or Judges appointed by

Moses

38, 19 3. The Senate, or Council of Seventy Assessors

19

4. Scribes

19, 20

In. Government of the Judges

IV. Regal Government instituted

20

1. Functions and Privileges of the Kings

21

2. Inauguration of the Kings

ib.

3. Chief Distinctions of Majesty

21, 22

4. Scriptural Allusions to the Courts of Sove.

reigns and Princes explained

22 V. Revenues of the Kings of Israel

ib. VI. Magistrates under the Monarchy

VII. Officers of the Palace

ib. VIII. The Royal Harem

IX. Promulgation of Laws

X. The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel founded

Schism between the Twelve Tribes; its latent

Causes

XI. Reasons why the Kingdom of Judah subsisted

longer than that of Israel .

XII. State of the Hebrews during the Babylonish Cap-

23

tivity

ib.

ib.

23, 24

CHAPTER II. Political State of the Jews, from their

24 Return from the Babylonish Captivity to the Sub-

ib. version of their Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

ib.

24, 25 SECTION I. Political State of the Jews under the Mac-

cabees, and the Sovereigns of the Herodian Family.

25-29

29-31 I. Brief Account of the Maccabees

31, 32

II. Sorereigns of the Herodian Family :-

32

1. Herod the Great-St. Matthew's Narrative

33

of his Murder of the Infants at Bethlehem

34

confirmed

2. Archelaus

34, 35

3. Herod Antipas

4. Philip

5. Herod Agrippa

6. Agrippa, Junior

7. Bernice and Drusilla

35

Section II. Political State of the Jews under the

35-37 Roman Procurators, to the Subversion of their

37 Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

ib.

I. Powers and Functions of the Roman Procurators.

37, 38 II. Political and Civil State of the Jews under their

Administration

38

III. Account of Pontius Pilate

ib. I', And of the Procurators, Felix, Festus, and Gessius

Florge

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72

72, 73

73
73, 74
74, 75
75, 76
76, 77

77

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ib.

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51 CHAPTER IV. On the Jewish and Roman Modes of

ib.

computing Time, mentioned in the Scriptures.

54, 55

I. Days

II. Hours

. Watches of the Nighi

55

III. Weeks

ib.

IV. Months

V. Year, Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Natural

56

Jewish Calendar

ib.

VI. Parts of Time taken for the whole

b.

VII. Remarkable Æras of the Jews

ib.

56, 57 CHAPTER V. On the Tributes and Taxes mentioned

in the Scriptures.

57

I. Annual Payments made by the Jews for the Sup-

port of their Sacred Worship

II. Tributes paid to their own Sovereigns

III. Tributes and Customs paid by them to Foreign

Powers.—Notice of the Money-changers

IV. Account of the Publicans or Tax-gatherers

57, 58

CHAPTER VI. On the Genealogical Tables of the He.

58, 59

brews, and Public Memorials of Events.

59

I. On the Genealogical Tables of the Hebrews

59, 60

II. Public Memorials of Events

60

CHAPTER VII. On the Trealies or Covenants, Con-

60, 61

tracts, and Oaths of the Jews.

61

I. Whether the Jews were prohibited from conclud

ing Treaties with Heathen Nations

II. Treaties, how made and ratified

Covenant of Salt

NI. Contracts for the sale and Cession of alionable

61

Property, how made

62

IV. Of Oaths

ib.
ib.
ib. CHAPTER VIII Laws respecting Strangers, Ageing
ib.

Blind, Deaf, and Poor Persons.

62

I. Of Strangers

63 II. Of the Aged, Blind, and Deaf

III. Of the Poor

ib.
ib.

CHAPTER 1X. Of the Military Affairs of the Jews,

63 and other Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.

ib.

63, 64

64

SECTION I. On the Military Discipline of the Jews.

ib.

1. The earliest Wars, predatory Excursions

II. Character of the Wars of the Israelites

Their Levies, how raised

Mosaic Statutes concerning the Israelitish Soldiers

III. Divisions and Officers of the Jewish Army

IV. Encampments

64

V. Military Schools and Training

VI. Defensive Arms

64, 65 VII. Offensive Arms

65, 66 VIII. Fortifications

65

IX. Mode of declaring War

ib.

X. Military Tactics.-Order of Battle

Treatment of the Slain, of captured Cities, and of

65, 66

Captives

66

XI. Triumphant Reception of the Conquerors

ib XII. Distribution of the Spoil

ib.

Military Honours conferred on eminent Warriors.-

ib.

A Military Order established by David

XIII. Trophies :

67

ib.

ib. Section II. Allusions in the New Testament to the

68 Military Discipline and Triumphs of the Romans.

ib.

ib. DI. Divisions of the Roman Army, and Roman Mili-

ib.

tary Oficers, mentioned in the New Testament

ib. II. Allusions to the Arinour of the Romans

ib. III. Allusions to their Military Discipline.-Strict Sub-

ib.

ordination.-Rewards of the Soldiers who dis-

ib.

tinguished theinselves .

69 IV. Allusions to the Roman Triumphs

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PART III.

II. National, regular, Weekly, Monthly, and Annual

Sacrifices

III. UNBLOODY OFFERINGS

MACRED ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, AND OF OTHER NATIONS IV. Drink-Offerings

INCIDENTALLY MENTIONED IN THE SCRIPTURES.

V. Other Oblations made by the Jews.

PAGE

1. ORDINARY OBLATIONS

CHAPTER I. Of Sacred Places

95

(1.) The Show-Bread .

(2.) Incense

SECTION I. of the Tabernacle.

2. VOLUNTARY OBLATIONS-Korban

3. PRESCRIBED OBLATIONS:

I Different Tabernacles in use among the Israelites 96

(1.) First-Fruits

I The Tabernacle so called by way of eminence, not

(2.) Tithes

of Egyptian Origin.-Its Materials

id.

VI. Fitness and Utility of the Jewish Sacrifices :

III. Form and Construction of the Tabernacle. Its

Contents

96, 97

IV. Its Migrations

97

CHAPTER IV. Sacred Times and Seasons, observed by

the Jews.

SECTION II. Of the Temple.

I. The SABBATH.

98

I. The Temple of Solomon .

1. How observed

II. The Second Temple

2. Jewish Worship on that Day; particularly

98, 99

Its various Courts

their Manner of worshipping in the Temple

99, 100

II. New Moons

Reverence of the Jews for it

100, 101

III. Annual Festivals. Their important Design :

II. Notice of the Temples at Heliopolis and Gerizim 101

IV. The PasSOVER; when celebrated, and with what

Ceremonies

SECTION III. On the High Places, and Proscucha or

Its Mystical or Typical Reference

Oratories of the Jews.

V. The Day of PENTECOST

VI. The Feast of TABERNACLES

I. On the High Places

101, 102

VII. Other Annual Festivals, viz.

II. On the Proseuche or Oratories

102, 103

1. The Feast of TRUMPETS

2. The Day of EXPIATION

VIII. Annual Festivals instituted by the Jews in later

SECTION IV. On the Synagogues.

times

1. The Feast of PURIM

1. Nature and Origin of Synagogues

103

2. The Feast of DEDICATION

The Synagogue of the Libertines explained

ib. IX. Other Festivals observed at stated intervals

II. Form of the Synagogues .

104

1. The SABBATICAL YEAR

III. The Officers or Ministers

ib.

2. The Year of JUBILEE

IV. The Service performed in the Synagogues

104-106

V. Ecclesiastical Power of the Synagogues

107

VI. The Shemoneh Ezreh, or Nineteen Prayers used CHAPTER V. Sacred Obligations and Duties.

in the Synagogue Service

106, 107

SECTION I. Of Vows.

CHAPTER H. Sacred Persons.

I. Nature of Vows

II. Requisites essential to the validity of a Vow

SECTION I. On the Jewish Church and its Members.

III. Different Sorts of Vows

1. The Cherem or irremissible Vow

I. The whole Nation accounted holy

108

2. Other Vows that might be redeemed :-

11. Members of the Jewish Church Hebrews of the

i. Vows of Dedication

Hebrews

ib.

ii. Vows of Self-Interdiction, or Absti:

III. Proselytes

108, 109

nenceOf the Nazareate

IV. Jews of the Dispersion

109

V. Hellenists

110

VI. Libertines

SECTION II. On the Prayers and Fasts of the Jews.

ib.

VII. Devout Men

ib.

VIII. Circumcision

110, 111

I. Various Appellations given to Prayers

II. Public Prayers

III. Private Prayers.-Attitudes of the Jews during

BBCTION II. On the Ministers of the Temple and

Prayer

other Ecclesiastical or Sacred Persons.

IV. Forms of Prayer in use among the Jews

V. Fasts of the Jews :

1. Of the Levites .

1. Public Fasts

111, 112

II. The Priests, their Functions, Maintenance, and

2. Private Fasts

Privileges

112, 113

3. Solemnities of the Jewish Fasts

III. The High-priest, his Functions, Dress, and Pri

vileges .

113, 114 SECTION III. On the Purifications of the Jews.

Succession to the Pontifical Dignity

114, 115

IV. Officers of the Synagogue

115

I. Materials with which the Purifications of the Jews

V. The Nazarites ; Nature of their Vows

116

were performed

VI. The Rechabites

ib.

II. Ceremonies of Purification

VII. The Prophets.

ib.

III. Of the Persons lustrated

IV. Account of the different kinds of legal Impurities,

CHAPTER III. Sacred Things. On the Sacrifices and

particularly

1. The Leprosy of the Person

other Offerings of the Jews.

2. The Leprosy of Clothes

3. The House-Leprosy.

General Classificatica of Sacrifices and Offerings 116 V. Minor legal Impurities and their Lustrations

· BLOODY OFFERINGS,, and the Divine Origin of

Sacrifices

117

1. Different kinds of Vi

ib. CHAPTER VI. On the Corruptions of Religion by the

2. Selection of Victims

ib. Jews.

3. Manner of presenting them

ib.

4. Immolation of the Sacrifice

117, 118 SECTION I. On the Idolatry of the Jews.

5. The Place and Time appointed for Sacri-

ficing.

118

6 Different kinds of Fire Sacrifices'

I. Origin and Progress of Pågan Idolatry

ib.

Sketch of ias History and Progress among the

i. Burnt-Offerings

ib.

Israelites and Jews

ji Peace-Offerings

ib. II. Idols worshipped by the Israelites alone

jii. Sin-Offerings

ib.

III. Idols of the Ammonites, worshipped by the Israe

iv Trespass-Offering

id.

ites

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Teachers

III. Their Method of Teaching

IV. Studies of the Jews :

1. History

160

2. Poetry

ib.

3. Oratory

160, 161

4. Ethics

161, 162

5. Physics

162, 163

6. Arithmetic

7. Mathematics

8. Astronomy

9. Astrology

10. Surveying

163

11. Mechanic Arts

ib.

12. Geography

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