Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew
Oxford University Press, 15 sept. 2005 - 320 pagini
The early Christian Church was a chaos of contending beliefs. Some groups of Christians claimed that there was not one God but two or twelve or thirty. Some believed that the world had not been created by God but by a lesser, ignorant deity. Certain sects maintained that Jesus was human but not divine, while others said he was divine but not human. In Lost Christianities, Bart D. Ehrman offers a fascinating look at these early forms of Christianity and shows how they came to be suppressed, reformed, or forgotten. All of these groups insisted that they upheld the teachings of Jesus and his apostles, and they all possessed writings that bore out their claims, books reputedly produced by Jesus's own followers. Modern archaeological work has recovered a number of key texts, and as Ehrman shows, these spectacular discoveries reveal religious diversity that says much about the ways in which history gets written by the winners. Ehrman's discussion ranges from considerations of various "lost scriptures"--including forged gospels supposedly written by Simon Peter, Jesus's closest disciple, and Judas Thomas, Jesus's alleged twin brother--to the disparate beliefs of such groups as the Jewish-Christian Ebionites, the anti-Jewish Marcionites, and various "Gnostic" sects. Ehrman examines in depth the battles that raged between "proto-orthodox Christians"--those who eventually compiled the canonical books of the New Testament and standardized Christian belief--and the groups they denounced as heretics and ultimately overcame. Scrupulously researched and lucidly written, Lost Christianities is an eye-opening account of politics, power, and the clash of ideas among Christians in the decades before one group came to see its views prevail.
My goals are to examine some of these noncanonical writings, see what they can tell us about the various forms of Christian faith and practice in the second ...
... and collected other early writings into a sacred canon of Scripture to advance their views and counteract the views of others.
... call them that and so more commonly refer to them as “pseudonymous” writings. ... for an author who attempts to pass off his own writing as that of some ...
Forgery, of course, is not the only kind of pseudonymous writing there is. In the modern world, at least, pseudonymity occurs in two forms. On the one hand, ...
As I pointed out, scholars sometimes refer to forged documents as pseudonymous writings, or they use the technical term pseudepigrapha, meaning “false ...
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LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - booktsunami - LibraryThing
I found this book absolutely fascinating. I was long aware that the canon of the bible that is commonly used today by most Christians (certainly not all) was not settled until around the year 400. And ... Citiți recenzia completă
LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - ritaer - LibraryThing
Ehrman ably describes the theological issues of early Christianity--should Christians continue to follow Jewish law? should they reject Jewish law as no longer relevant? Was Jesus a human chosen by ... Citiți recenzia completă