Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew
Oxford University Press, 15 sept. 2005 - 320 pagini
The early Christian Church was a chaos of contending beliefs. Some groups of Christians claimed that there was not one God but two or twelve or thirty. Some believed that the world had not been created by God but by a lesser, ignorant deity. Certain sects maintained that Jesus was human but not divine, while others said he was divine but not human. In Lost Christianities, Bart D. Ehrman offers a fascinating look at these early forms of Christianity and shows how they came to be suppressed, reformed, or forgotten. All of these groups insisted that they upheld the teachings of Jesus and his apostles, and they all possessed writings that bore out their claims, books reputedly produced by Jesus's own followers. Modern archaeological work has recovered a number of key texts, and as Ehrman shows, these spectacular discoveries reveal religious diversity that says much about the ways in which history gets written by the winners. Ehrman's discussion ranges from considerations of various "lost scriptures"--including forged gospels supposedly written by Simon Peter, Jesus's closest disciple, and Judas Thomas, Jesus's alleged twin brother--to the disparate beliefs of such groups as the Jewish-Christian Ebionites, the anti-Jewish Marcionites, and various "Gnostic" sects. Ehrman examines in depth the battles that raged between "proto-orthodox Christians"--those who eventually compiled the canonical books of the New Testament and standardized Christian belief--and the groups they denounced as heretics and ultimately overcame. Scrupulously researched and lucidly written, Lost Christianities is an eye-opening account of politics, power, and the clash of ideas among Christians in the decades before one group came to see its views prevail.
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... forged to show Paul's high standing in philosophical circles of his day Proto-orthodox church manual that discusses Christian ethics (the “two-paths”), ...
Opponents of these texts claimed they had been forged. This book is about these texts and the lost forms of Christianity they tried to authorize.
... polemical tractates in opposition to other Christian perspectives, forged sacred texts to provide authorization for their own perspectives (forgeries, ...
That Christians in the early centuries would forge such books should come as no surprise. Scholars have long recognized that even some of the books accepted ...
Either way, someone was forging books in Paul's name. Second Thessalonians aside, scholars are ... Other books, however, are widely regarded as forged.
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LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - booktsunami - LibraryThing
I found this book absolutely fascinating. I was long aware that the canon of the bible that is commonly used today by most Christians (certainly not all) was not settled until around the year 400. And ... Citiți recenzia completă
LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - ritaer - LibraryThing
Ehrman ably describes the theological issues of early Christianity--should Christians continue to follow Jewish law? should they reject Jewish law as no longer relevant? Was Jesus a human chosen by ... Citiți recenzia completă