Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew
Oxford University Press, 15 sept. 2005 - 320 pagini
The early Christian Church was a chaos of contending beliefs. Some groups of Christians claimed that there was not one God but two or twelve or thirty. Some believed that the world had not been created by God but by a lesser, ignorant deity. Certain sects maintained that Jesus was human but not divine, while others said he was divine but not human. In Lost Christianities, Bart D. Ehrman offers a fascinating look at these early forms of Christianity and shows how they came to be suppressed, reformed, or forgotten. All of these groups insisted that they upheld the teachings of Jesus and his apostles, and they all possessed writings that bore out their claims, books reputedly produced by Jesus's own followers. Modern archaeological work has recovered a number of key texts, and as Ehrman shows, these spectacular discoveries reveal religious diversity that says much about the ways in which history gets written by the winners. Ehrman's discussion ranges from considerations of various "lost scriptures"--including forged gospels supposedly written by Simon Peter, Jesus's closest disciple, and Judas Thomas, Jesus's alleged twin brother--to the disparate beliefs of such groups as the Jewish-Christian Ebionites, the anti-Jewish Marcionites, and various "Gnostic" sects. Ehrman examines in depth the battles that raged between "proto-orthodox Christians"--those who eventually compiled the canonical books of the New Testament and standardized Christian belief--and the groups they denounced as heretics and ultimately overcame. Scrupulously researched and lucidly written, Lost Christianities is an eye-opening account of politics, power, and the clash of ideas among Christians in the decades before one group came to see its views prevail.
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An Aramaic version of Matthew's Gospel, Nazareans possibly lacking the first two
chapters, used by Jewish Christians Gospel of 5th c. Legendary account of Jesus'
trial before Pilate, Nicodemus his crucifixion, and descent into Hades ...
Since they did not wish to wash, Pilate stood up. It is a significant beginning for
two reasons. It shows that, just before the fragment begins, the Gospel contained
an account of Pilate washing his hands— a story found, among our New ...
As in Matthew's Gospel, the Jewish leaders ask Pilate for soldiers to guard the
tomb (see Matt. 27:62–66). This Gospel, however, provides more elaborate detail
. The centurion in charge is named Petronius, who along with a number of
One by-product of this increased animosity is that Christians began to exonerate
Pilate for Jesus' death and to blame Jews—all Jews—more and more. It is an
illuminating exercise to trace the treatment of Pilate through our surviving
With little way out, Pilate yields to the demands of the Jewish leaders and orders
Jesus crucified (Luke 23:1–15). In John's Gospel, the final canonical account to
be written, Pilate again declares Jesus innocent three times, and then finally, ...
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LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - ritaer - LibraryThing
Ehrman ably describes the theological issues of early Christianity--should Christians continue to follow Jewish law? should they reject Jewish law as no longer relevant? Was Jesus a human chosen by ... Citiți recenzia completă
LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - T_K_Elliott - LibraryThing
I can unequivocally recommend this book for anyone who wants to learn about the early history of Christianity and How It Got The Way It Is. Ehrman writes from the perspective of a historian, not a ... Citiți recenzia completă