Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew
Oxford University Press, 15 sept. 2005 - 320 pagini
The early Christian Church was a chaos of contending beliefs. Some groups of Christians claimed that there was not one God but two or twelve or thirty. Some believed that the world had not been created by God but by a lesser, ignorant deity. Certain sects maintained that Jesus was human but not divine, while others said he was divine but not human. In Lost Christianities, Bart D. Ehrman offers a fascinating look at these early forms of Christianity and shows how they came to be suppressed, reformed, or forgotten. All of these groups insisted that they upheld the teachings of Jesus and his apostles, and they all possessed writings that bore out their claims, books reputedly produced by Jesus's own followers. Modern archaeological work has recovered a number of key texts, and as Ehrman shows, these spectacular discoveries reveal religious diversity that says much about the ways in which history gets written by the winners. Ehrman's discussion ranges from considerations of various "lost scriptures"--including forged gospels supposedly written by Simon Peter, Jesus's closest disciple, and Judas Thomas, Jesus's alleged twin brother--to the disparate beliefs of such groups as the Jewish-Christian Ebionites, the anti-Jewish Marcionites, and various "Gnostic" sects. Ehrman examines in depth the battles that raged between "proto-orthodox Christians"--those who eventually compiled the canonical books of the New Testament and standardized Christian belief--and the groups they denounced as heretics and ultimately overcame. Scrupulously researched and lucidly written, Lost Christianities is an eye-opening account of politics, power, and the clash of ideas among Christians in the decades before one group came to see its views prevail.
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Gospel. of. Peter. Ancient Christians knew of far more Gospels than the four that
eventually came to be included in the New Testament. Most of them have been
lost to us in all but name. Some are quoted sporadically by early church writers ...
(accidentally, one would suppose), is a fragmentary copy of the Apocalypse of
Peter, an intriguing account, now known more fully from an ancient Ethiopic ... It is
regrettable that the manuscript presents only a fragment of the Gospel of Peter.
We have seen a number of intriguing features of the Gospel of Peter: its similarity
to the New Testament Gospel accounts of Jesus' death, its legendary accretions,
its virulent anti-Judaism, its potentially docetic character, its suppression by the ...
In contrast, from the same period, five (partial) unidentified Gospels have been
discovered; these are texts that provide ... From the same period we also have
three fragmentary copies of the Gospel of Peter (this is not counting the later copy
It is not completely clear where the anonymous author of 2 Clement derived his
knowledge of this conversation. Since it is not in any of the other Gospels.
Possibly he too had read the Gospel of Peter and accepted it as an authoritative
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LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - ritaer - LibraryThing
Ehrman ably describes the theological issues of early Christianity--should Christians continue to follow Jewish law? should they reject Jewish law as no longer relevant? Was Jesus a human chosen by ... Citiți recenzia completă
LibraryThing ReviewComentariu Utilizator - T_K_Elliott - LibraryThing
I can unequivocally recommend this book for anyone who wants to learn about the early history of Christianity and How It Got The Way It Is. Ehrman writes from the perspective of a historian, not a ... Citiți recenzia completă