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wife who was ineligible to citizenship and bring her into the United States. Perhaps not many of them would do it, but one who would do it would be faced with the same difficulty that faces these other people.

The CHAIRMAN. Would an amendment of this sort simplify the work of the department somewhat?

Mr. HUSBAND. It would immediately take care of a number of cases that had been referred to and who were admitted—cases in which aliens ineligible to citizenship were admitted, some of them, after the act of 1924 went into effect. They continued to come and were rejected by the Immigration Service and appeal made to the Secretary for relief. Two cases went to the Supreme Court. One involved the wife of an American citizen and one involved the wife of a merchant. Under the Supreme Court decision, the wife of the merchant, by reason of the terms of the treaty with China, was deemed to be admissible to the United States, but the wife of a citizen, not being referred to in the treaty in any way, was deemed to be subject to the provisions of section 5 of the act. While these cases were pending in court a considerable number of wives of merchants were necessarily admitted under bond and a number of wives of citizens were likewise admitted temporarily under bond. Since the Supreme Court decision in so far as the wives of the merchants are concerned have been cleared up, but we still have a limited number of wives of citizens who are here temporarily under bond.

Mr. DYER. I have made three trips to China during my congressional service. I have been very much interested in China and the situation there as between that country and this country, particularly with reference to trade and commerce. I have noted that our trade has continued to increase right along. Last year shows that our trade with China exceeded that of Great Britain, which had led for many years. We now rank second in trade with China, Japan alone being first. Our trade during the last year, notwithstanding the disorders in China, has amounted to more than $350,000,000. We are shipping immense quantities of products of this country to China. In one year we shipped 30,000,000 boxes of oranges alone to Shanghai. We are sending great quantities of flour, cotton, lumber, and many other products. The Chinese are the best friends that the people of the United States have in the whole world, I believe.

I have felt that a great injustice, especially to the American citizens of Chinese descent, was done by the enactment of the act of 1924. That injustice has fallen heavily upon many American citizens who served faithfully and honorably and were wounded and gassed in the World War. It is a great injustice, I believe, to say that they shall be set apart and not be permitted to bring into this country wives of their own race.

I think that, in the name of justice and right, as well as in the interest of our own country and by way of fairness to the Chinese, that this amendment should be adopted and become part of the law.

The CHAIRMAN. If there is nothing further at this time, let us go into executive session.

(Thereupon at 11.50 o'clock a. m., Tuesday, February 7, 1928, the committee went into executive session.)


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