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filing, he claimed nonquota status under section 101(a) (27)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act based on his marriage to a United States citizen. Subsequent to filing, the applicant has been interviewed under oath on two different occasions.

The record shows the applicant was first interviewed by an immigrant inspector June 11, 1959, at which time he testified, in essence, as follows: That he left the SS. HELEN H. on February 24, 1959, and flew to New York registering at the Hotel Rio. He then made inquiry at the Ocean Restaurant as to the location of a cousin whom he intended to visit for 3 days. While at the restaurant he was introduced for the first time to his present wife and on the following day proposed marriage. He had been informed by acquaintances 4 or 5 months before arriving that he could marry a United States citizen and remain in the United States. His second cousin, owner of the Ocean Restaurant, whose name he had forgotten, introduced him to the girl whom he married three days later. He further testified that he had no intention of marrying at the time that he left the vessel on February 24, 1959, and, in fact, intended to return to the ship scheduled to sail between the end of February and the 5th of March. In reply to further questioning, he amended this statement to say that he planned to seek a new ship in New York or would have returned to the SS. HELEN H. if unable to obtain a new berth in New York. In support of his application, a marriage certificate was presented showing the marriage of the applicant to C on February 27, 1959, at New York.

Because of the improbability and contradictions apparent in the applicant's testimony, arrangements were made for his wife to be interviewed.

On July 28, 1959, the applicant and his wife were interviewed under oath by an investigator of this Service. He testified that many of the statements made in the prior interview were untrue and that he did not tell the truth because he was upset, nervous and confused. On this occasion he testified he first met his present wife in November of 1958 and corresponded with her until his return in February 1959. The subject of marriage was a topic of correspondence, and in order to become better acquainted, he left the ship on February 24 for a short visit. To support the statements regarding the exchange of correspondence, he presented a radiogram dated November 26, 1958, extending Thanksgiving greetings from "C", and a

_letter in the Greek language dated January 2, 1959, from the applicant to his wife in which he stated the following:

May my letter find you well, and the New Year give you everything you desire. I received your Christmas cable, and card and letter for the New Year. I was overjoyed, pleased, and touched by your noble expressions. I wanted to call you up upon arriving at port but had to wait in the outer

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harbor until our turn came * * felt overjoyed at the wonderful words in your letter and that you are looking forward to meeting each other. I felt indeed distressed leaving so soon after we first met, even though that meeting was enough to make me appreciate and like you and I felt I knew you for many years before. There is nothing left for me to do but bring myself near to you as soon as I leave the ship. I hope you form the right opinion about me for I am a very worthy person like you are. After unloading and sailing for America, I'll get you on the wire and talk about my leaving the ship. Give Mrs. T- warmest regards.

At the time of the above interview, the applicant's spouse was also questioned under oath regarding the circumstances of her marriage. She testified that she first met the applicant in November 1958, and that subsequent thereto corresponded with him; that on February 24, 1959, the applicant telephoned her to advise that he was coming to New York and wanted to know her better. She stated that when he arrived in New York that she knew that she loved him because she had grown to love him by his letters and that when he proposed marriage, she immediately accepted. She testified that it was her true belief that the marriage was solely for love and that the applicant has been a good husband.

Section 245 under which the applicant is applying for adjustment of status reads, in part, as follows:

Sec. 245. (a) The status of an alien who was admitted to the United States as a bona fide nonimmigrant may be adjusted by the Attorney General, in his discretion and under such regulations as he may prescribe, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if (1) the alien makes an application for such adjustment, (2) the alien is eligible to receive an immigrant visa and is admissible to the United States for permanent residence, (3) an immigrant visa was immediately available to him at the time of his application, and (4) an immigrant visa is immediately available to him at the time his application is approved. * * *

Section 252(a)(1) under which the applicant was admitted as a nonimmigrant crewman reads as follows:

Sec. 252. (a) No alien crewman shall be permitted to land temporarily in the United States except as provided in this section, section 212(d) (3), section 212(d) (5), and section 253. If an immigration officer finds upon examination that an alien crewman is a nonimmigrant under paragraph (15) (D) of section 101 (a) and is otherwise admissible and has agreed to accept such permit, he may, in his discretion, grant the crewman a conditional permit to land temporarily pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Attorney General, subject to revocation in subsequent proceedings as provided in subsection (b), and for a period of time, in any event, not to exceed

(1) the period of time (not exceeding twenty-nine days) during which the vessel or aircraft on which he arrived remains in port, if the immigration officer is satisfied that the crewman intends to depart on the vessel or aircraft on which he arrived. * * *

The definition of a crewman is found in section 101(a) (15) (D). as follows:

Sec. 101. (a) As used in this Act-*

(15) The term "immigrant” means every alien except an alien who is within one of the following classes of nonimmigrant aliens **

(D) an alien crewman serving in good faith as such in any capacity re quired for normal operation and service on board a vessel (other than a fishing vessel having its home port or an operating base in the United States) or aircraft, who intends to land temporarily and solely in pursuit of his calling as a crewman and to depart from the United States with the vessel or aircraft on which he arrived or some other vessel or aircraft. *

The wording of section 245 clearly demands an examination of all applicants for adjustment as to whether they were, in fact, bona fide nonimmigrants at the time of their admission to the United States, particularly in cases of recent arrivals. The burden is upon the applicant, not the Government, to establish bona fides of nonimmigrant status at the time of admission. This burden is not met solely by the gratuitous or self-serving statements of the applicant as to his intent at the time of admission. The Government has the responsibility to weigh all evidential factors present in each case carefully and considerately. Such factors include the actions of the applicant prior and subsequent to arrival.

In the instant case, we have carefully weighed the actions of the applicant in the light of the sworn testimony. He was admittedly untruthful in his initial testimony before an officer of this Service regarding his intentions at the time of his admission to the United States and as to his reasons for leaving his vessel. In view of this, considerable doubt is cast upon his amended testimony regarding his intentions at the time of entry. Here we have an alien who admittedly planned to depart from his vessel to marry a woman whom he had met before if she would have him. He, in fact, asked permission from the master of his vessel to discharge from the vessel on which he arrived but the permission was refused. He actually carried out his preconceived plan by departing from his vessel from New Orleans to New York and married within three days after arriving there. He would have us believe that he intended to depart with the vessel on which he arrived or by securing a berth on another vessel. He did neither. He remained in the United States. Credibility cannot be accorded his testimony in light of his actions prior to and subsequent to his arrival.

The facts in this case are distinguished from prior cases in which we have found a crewman to be a bona fide nonimmigrant. In Matter of M-, A-10256535, Int. Dec. No. 990, for example, the applicant was last admitted as a crewman in 1948. Clearly his intention at time of entry was to reship foreign. However, because of unforeseen circumstances he was forced to remain in the United States a prolonged period of time during which a change occurred in his intention to resume his calling.

The instant case is not that of a crewman who, through unforeseen circumstances beyond his control, such as illness and/or hospitalization, was prevented from departing with his vessel and had to remain in the United States a prolonged period of time. We must conclude that the applicant failed to sustain the burden of establishing that he was a bona fide crewman at the time of his last admission. Accordingly, the application will be denied.

Order: It is ordered the application be denied.


In SECTION 245 Proceedings


Decided by Regional Commissioner April 1, 1960
Approved by Assistant Commissioner April 15, 1960

Nonquota status, section 6, Act of September 22, 1959—Applicant under section

245 is eligible although not related to petitioner at time of arrival. Spouse of alien admitted for permanent residence under Refugee Relief Act of

1953 qualifies for nonquota status under section 6 of Act of September 22, 1959 despite occurrence of marriage after both parties had arrived in the United States.

APPLICATION : Adjustment of status to permanent residence on basis of eligi

bility for nonquota status under section 6, Public Law 86_363.


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Discussion: This case has been certified to the Regional Commissioner by the District Director, Hartford, who has approved the application.

The applicant is a twenty-nine year old married female, a native and citizen of Greece, who last entered the United States on June 12, 1958, as a visitor for pleasure.

On July 6, 1958, she married S-G-K—, a permanent resident alien who was admitted on November 5, 1956, under section 4(a) (3) of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953.

A visa petition filed by the applicant's husband to accord her third preference quota status under section 203(a) (3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act was approved on November 24, 1958.

The applicant applied for adjustment of status on September 30, 1959, to that of a permanent resident under section 245 of the Act, as amended, claiming that she was eligible for nonquota status under section 6 of Public Law 86–363.

Section 6 of the Act of September 22, 1959 (Public Law 86-363), reads as follows:

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Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 3 and 20 of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, as amended, special nonquota immigrant visas may be issued to aliens eligible to enter the United States for permanent residence under all the applicable provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act: Provided,

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