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CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE LEGATION OF ITALY AT WASHINGTON-Continued.

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731

From and to whom.

732

728 Mr. Bayard to Baron de Fava.

733

Mr. Bayard to Baron de
Pava.

Mr. Bayard to Baron de
Fava.

Baron de Fava to Mr. Bay. Apr. 17 ard.

Date.

Mr. Bayard to Baron de
Fava.

Apr. 16

Baron de Fava to Mr. Bay. May 17 ard.

Apr. 30

Same to same (No. 419)..

Baron de Fava to Mr. Bayard Aug. 2

June 8

Aug. 7

1887.

Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard Oct. 10 (No. 394).

Same to same (No. 409)...... Nov. 28

Subject.

Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo: Three
hundred and twenty five searched, and no weap-
ons found; the action of the police in violation
of the Constitution and international law; pro-
test of the Italian consul at New York to Gov.
ernor Hill; Governor Hill's answer not satis-
factory; the penal code of New York falsely
interpreted to justify the search; the good of-
fices of the Department requested that the po
lice officers may be censured, and a recurrence of
such proceedings prevented; the protest of the
Italian consul at New York, and letter from the
mayor of Buffalo transmitting the report of the
superintendent of police, inclosed.
Arrest and search of Italians at Buffalo, in conse-
quence of repeated murders and affrays; the
search attended with no violence; previous pub-
lication of the order may account for the few
weapons found; the Department can not decide
upon the legality of the action of the police; if
it was without authority of law, an action lies
against them.

Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo: Former
note on this matter based on the complaint of
Italians in Buffalo and report of the Italian con-
sul, in order that a recurrence of such acts
might be prevented through administrative
channels, and the alarm of the Italians allayed;
the Department's good offices again requested.
Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo: The De-
partment can not express an opinion upon the
laws of the State of New York or request that
the police of Buffalo be censured; if their action
was illegal an action will lie against them in
the courts. Baron de Fava's letter will be com-
municated to the governor of New York.
Convict immigration: Incorrect interpretation
by the custom-house anthorities at New York
of the law relating to convict immigration;
new instructions asked for them; report of the
Italian consul at New York on the subject in-
closed.

Convict immigration: The action of the collec-
tor of the port of New York, protested against
by the Italian consul-general, in holding the
term "convict" to apply to persons who have
served out their sentences, is in accordance with
the decision of the Treasury Department.
Protectorate over Zoula assumed by the Italian
Government by request of the natives. An of
ficial confirmation of a pre-existing state of
things. The first evidence of actual posses-
sion of any government.
Italian protectorate over Zoula, Africa: The
United States, not having acceded to the gen
eral act of the conference of Berlin, can not
determine the proper weight to be given to the
announcement of the protectorate.

JAPAN.

Trade of the United States with Japan: The value
of the trade of the United States, Germany, and
Great Britain wrongly stated in "The Austra
lian and South American." The trade of the
United States for 1886 was 23, that of Great
Britain 21, and Germany's 3 millions of yen;
the article from the above newspaper inclosed.
Trade with Japan: The increase of trade with
Japan largely due to the Jiji Shimpoo; extract
from that newspaper advocating further en-
couragement of imports from the United States
inclosed.
Dec. 28 Political: Imperial rescript for the maintenance
of public tranquillity and to prevent disturb
ances inclosed.

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JAPAN-Continued.

Date.

1888. Jan. 13

April 16

July 26

Oct. 6

Status of Mrs. Ratcliffe, Japanese wife of a Brit-
ish subject serving in the Navy of the United
States: Marriage of a Japanese woman to a for-
eigner not recognized by the Japanese Govern-
ment until certain formalities have been com-
plied with; note written to the Japanese foreign
office asking the status in Japan of a Japanese
woman who had married a foreigner abroad ac-
cording to laws of the foreign country; in-
struction desired as to the status of the wife
in case the marriage is or is not recognized, and
as to the status of the wife of a Japanese sailor
serving in the U. S. Navy; Mr. Greathouse's
letter in regard to Mrs. Ratclide inclosed.
Status of a Japanese woman married to a foreign.
er in a foreign country according to its laws:
Such marriage not recognized in Japan unless
with the sanction of the Japanese diplomatic
or consular representative, which does not seem
to have been obtained by Mrs. Ratcliffe; note
from the Japanese minister for foreign affairs,
covering the Japanese regulations in regard to
such marriages, inclosed.

Oct. 26 Religious liberty: Letter from Rev. Dr. C. S. Eby
on the freedom of religion in Japan, called forth
by the complaint of native Christians that the
Japanese Government has failed to officially
recognize the Christian religion, inclosed.
Status of Mrs. Ratcliffe, Japanese wife of a Brit-
ish subject who has served as a sailor on an
American vessel seven years: A foreigner serv
ing as a sailor on an American vessel can only
be protected when he has shipped in an Ameri-
can port, or declared his intention of becoming
a citizen and has served three years afterwards;
distinction between the right to exercise consu-
lar jurisdiction over a foreigner on shipboard
and on land; Ratcliffe's wife not entitled to pro-
tection.

Oct. 26

740 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Hubbard Nov. 10 (No. 256).

1888. June 4

Subject.

Political: Greater freedom given the press; the
imperial ordinance inclosed.

Claim of the Monitor can not be consistently
pressed; letter to Mr. Cowie inclosed.
Eruption of Mount Bandai-san: Report by Mr.
Mansfield; scientists sent to report upon the
eruption by the Japanese Government; pro-
vision made for the sufferers by the Govern-
ment and private contribution; Mr. Mansfield's
report inclosed.

LIBERIA.

Intervention of the United States to punish the
inhabitants of Half-Cavalla for an attack on
American missionaries requested by the Libe-
rian minister of state: Mr. Smith to familiarize
himself with the case; indiscretion of the Li-
berian Government in provoking the disturb-
ance by sending American citizens into the
country; the discussion to be carried on from
Washington; letter of Mr. Barclay to Mr.
Bayard on the subject and Mr. Bayard's reply
inclosed.

742 Mr. Rives to Mr. Smith (No. June 26 Race prejudice in Liberia: Letter of Mary B.

6).

Merriam complaining of it; it is injurious to
Liberia and contrary to the basis of its govern-
ment.

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CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS FOR LIBERIA.

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Subject.

Claim of France to Liberian territory: The
French Government refuses to settle the matter
with the minister of the United States; desire
of the Liberian chargé d'affaires to ignore
American intervention; wish of the Liberian
President that the question should be settled
between France and the United States Govern-
ment acting for that of Liberia; letter of Mr.
Carrance, covering one to him from Mr. Flour.
ens, inclosed.

Claim of France to Liberian territory: The
United States minister acts as intermediator,
not as the representative of the Liberian Gov.
ernment, and the presence of a Liberian repre
sentative at Paris necessary; an opinion in re-
gard to Mr. Carrance can not be given; Mr. Mc.
Lane will always endeavor to maintain a good
understanding between France and Liberia.

MEXICO.

Murder of Leon Baldwin, an American superin-
tendent of the Valencia mines near Ventanos:
particulars of the murder; reported to be the
last of a series of outrages by the outlaw Eraclio
Bernal; the governor of Durango warned in
every case, but no steps taken to protect the

men.

Murder of Leon Baldwin: Proof showing a prima
facie case necessary for diplomatic interference;
circular prepared by the Department showing
what is required; the first step of the Depart-
ment is to call on the Mexican Government for
an investigation; an affidavit necessary for this
to be done; affidavits and proof of Mr. Baldwin's
United States citizenship to be sent to the De-
partment: the circular inclosed.
Murder of Leon Baldwin: Reported letter of Mr.
Morrow and the reply of the Secretary that au-
thenticated information was awaited; conversa-
tion with Mr. Mariscal at an unofficial inter-
view; all the assassins killed; if a claim for
indemnity be made it should be proved that the
Federal and State authorities of Durango had
disregarded the warning given them.
Murder of Leon Baldwin: Affidavit of W.W. Car-
roll; advice given Mr. Turner in regard to the
presentation of a claim and the proof of conflict.
ing statements in Mr. Carroll's affidavit and Mr.
Mariscal's explanation.
Discrimination in favor of the Spanish Central
Americau line of steamers between San Fran-
cisco and Panama: Report that this agent will
attempt to obtain a differential duty of 5 per
cent.; attention called to Nos. 145 and 147, relat-
ing to the complaint against the Central Ameri-
can Republics on this subject; prospect of favor
able action by them; remonstrance to be made
against any discrimination against the commer
cial interests of the United States; Mr. Lane's
letter of October 31, 1887, inclosed.
Murder of Leon Baldwin: Mr. Connery's course
in not presenting the claim for indemnity ap
proved; two notes from Mr. Romero, reporting
the investigation by the Mexican Government,
the killing of the assassins, and a newspaper ac
count of the state of affairs in Durango, inclosed.
Discrimination in favor of the Spanish line of
steamers: Copy of note from Mr. Mariscal, re-
peating former arguments and regretting that
the United States Government should foster an
unfounded claim, inclosed.
Discrimination in favor of the Spanish line of
steamers: Interview with Mr. Mariscal; he
will give no promise in the matter; the United
States not a most favored nation by treaty; the
exemption of the Spanish line in favor of a pri-
vate company not of a national flag.

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No.

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754 Same to same (No. 220)

757

758

From and to whom.

760

761

762

Same to same (No. 224).

1887.

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Nov. 22 Quarantine of ninety days in Arizona against
(No. 215).

Mexican cattle: Refers to correspondence had
with the legation; facts throwing light on the
subject requested; correspondence with the
Mexican legation inclosed.
Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam: His release
reported by Consul Heimké after a year's im
prisonment for the alleged murder of Domingo
Steiner; consideration of any claim Mr. Brudi-
gam may make will be deferred until its pre-
sentation to the Department; Mr. Heimké's dis-
patch inclosed.

Quarantine against Mexican cattle raised, ow
ing to a doubt as to its constitutionality: Let-
ter from acting Secretary of the Interior in-
closed.
Murder of Walter Henry and seizure of his ef
fects by Mexican customs officers: Mr. Maris-
cal repeats the statements in his note of Novem
ber 13, 1886, and states that further investiga-
tion is impossible; translation of Mr. Maris-
cal's note inclosed.

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756 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Dec. 9 (No. 284).

Same to same (No. 288)

Same to same (No. 295)

.....

Same to same (No. 243)

Same to same (No. 294)

MEXICO-Continued.

Same to same (No. 250)

Dato.

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759 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Jan. 16 Boundary between the United States and Mexico:

(No. 240).

Inquiry to be made as to what machinery exists
in Mexico for determining questions arising un-
der the convention of 1884": "Copies of this corre-
spondence sent to the Secretary of the Treas-
ury; copy of correspondence with Mr. Crain
upon the necessity of determining the bound-
ary inclosed.
Discrimination in favor of the Spanish Central
American line of steamers: Information whether
a bill to grant the 2 per cent. rebate, enjoyed
by the Spanish line, to American steamers
was introduced in the Mexican Congress, and
copy thereof to be furnished the Department;
copy of letter from Messrs. Alexander & Sons
reporting its introduction inclosed.

Jan. 19 Claim of Howard C. Walker against the Mexican
Government for wrongful imprisonment and
cruel treatment by the officials at Minatitlan :
Case previously before the legation; statement
of facts in the case; attempts made by Mr.
Walker to obtain redress from the Mexican
Government; the case to be presented to the
Mexican Government; its consideration and a
conference with the minister of foreign affairs
as to reparation to be asked: copy of Mr. Mor-
ris's letter of December 6, 1887. to Mr. Bayard
and Mr. Walker's petition with affidavits in-
closed.

Dec. 23 Colonization of Lower California by American
companies: Report of the Department of Pub.
lic Works, in reply to attacks of the opposition
press, defending the action of the Mexican Gov-
ernment in granting colonizing concessions.

1888. Jan. 9

Subject.

Jan. 18

Quarantine against Mexican cattle: No cattle
disease reported in Sonora; the quarantine to
prevent diseased cattle from New Mexico being
brought into Arizona.

763 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Feb. 6 (No. 301).

Jan. 26 Boundary between Mexico and the United States:
The Secretary of the Treasury concurs in the
Department's suggestion to appoint an interna-
tional river commission to determine the
boundary, where it coincides with the Rio
Grande, under the rule prescribed by the con-
vention of 1884; copy of the letter of the Secre-
tary of the Treasury inclosed.
Boundary between the United States and Mexico:
No record kept by the Mexican Government of
changes in the channel of the Rio Grande, and
no plan devised for deciding questions under
the boundary convention; Mr. Mariscal states
that the lines can be determined by maps and
that the Roman principle, that a sudden diver-
sion of the channel leaves the line in its former
place, but that the line follows a gradual chauge
of the river course, will govera.

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From and to whom.

Same to same (No. 263).

1888. Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Feb. 13 (No. 258).

Same to same (No. 306).....

MEXICO-Continued.

Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Feb. 18 (No. 305).

Date.

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Feb. 15 Boundary between Mexico and the United States:
Dispatch stating that the Mexican Government
has no plan for determining questions arising
under the convention of 1884 received; copy
sent to Mr. Crain; copy letter of February 13,
1888. to Mr. Crain, covering draught of a joint
resolution for the creation of an international
commission for that purpose, inclosed.
Arrest of Oliver Woods, charged with complicity
with the outlaw Bernal: Mr. Chess reports bis
life in danger; copies of note to Mr. Mariscal,
asking that the State authorities be telegraphed
to protect Woods, and of Mr. Mariscal's reply,
inclosed.

Feb. 21

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Feb. 27 (No. 270).

Mar. 6 Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam: Previous correspondence; letter of Brudigam and Ficken stating that they had been rearrested and sentenced to capital punishment; impression pro. duced by such proceedings; new and conclusive evidence necessary; an inquiry and request for stay of proceedings to be made; telegram to that effect sent; Mr. Heimké instructed to report. Mr. Bragg to Mr. Bayard Mar. 8 Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam: Explanation (No. 5). asked by Mr. Mariscal of the governor of Chihuahua; copy of note to Mr. Mariscal, and his reply, inclosed.

Subject.

Mar. 9
Mar. 15

Wing-dams on the Mexican shore of the Rio
Grande reported by the El Paso Development
Board to threaten serious injury to that city:
No desire to interfere with Mexican improve.
ments; the case to be presented to the Mexican
Government, and an explanation and steps, if
necessary, to prevent the evil, to be asked; copy
of letter from Mr. Langham covering a communi-
cation to him from the president of the El Paso
Development Board inclosed.

Mar. 22

Claim of A. K. Cutting: Note of Mr. Mariscal not
conciliatory; the real object of the discussion,
the trouble likely to arise from Art. 186 of the
Chihuahua penal code, overlooked; translation
of Mr. Mariscal's note, with the report and cor-
respondence of the Mexican officials in regard
to the case, and a clipping from the El Paso
Times inclosed.
Arrest of Oliver Woods for alleged complicity
with the outlaw Bernal: Text of telegram sent
by Department; information will be communi.
cated, and the Department to be informed of
what is done touching the case.

Claim of Howard C. Walker: Presented to Mr.
Mariscal, who promises to take the matter un-
der advisement; copy of note to Mr. Mariscal
and of his reply inclosed.

Arrest of Oliver Woods by Mexican troops for al-
leged complicity with Bernal, reported by a
resident of Ventanas, and fears expressed that
he will be put to death; copies of Mr. Laidlaw's
letter of the 24th instant, covering one from J.
H. Bradley, which is accompanied by one from
a resident of Ventanas, inclosed.

Arrest of Oliver Woods: Copy of note presenting
the case to Mr. Mariscal inclosed.
Claim of Mrs. Baldwin for the murder of Leon Bald-
win: Review of the facts; outrages by outlaws;
protection not given by the Government, although
requested; the case brought by Mr. Connery to
the knowledge of Mr. Mariscal; prejudice shown
against Americans; effort to prevent immi-
gration and enterprise; the murder due to the
negligence of the Government; the case to be
brought to the attention of the Mexican Gov.
ernment and reparation asked; papers in the
claim inclosed.

Attempted kidnapping of a deserter by Mexican
soldiers at Eagle Pass: Review of the facts in
the case; reparation, a disavowal, and indemnity
to the sheriff to be asked; depositions of wit-
nesses inclosed.

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