S. 1418, the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 1998: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, September 15, 1998, Volumul 4

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999 - 257 pagini
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Pagina 15 - CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW In compliance with clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italic...
Pagina 15 - CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW In compliance with subsection (4) of rule XXIX of the Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman) : FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE ACT • »***** SEC.
Pagina 80 - Directors of the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of Science and Technology Policy jointly emphasized the administration's policy that even under stringent planning ceilings, long-term defense needs must receive priority consideration.
Pagina 81 - Born in 1927, James D. Watkins graduated from the United States Naval Academy (1949), received his Master's degree in mechanical engineering (1958), and completed a reactor engineering course at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He became the twentysecond Chief of Naval Operations as selected by President Ronald Reagan in 1982. His tours as a flag officer included Chief of Naval Personnel, Commander of the Sixth Fleet, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet....
Pagina 9 - Act and for other purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon with amendments and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.
Pagina 101 - Determine the location, sedimentary relationships, and physical characteristics of methane hydrate resources to assess their potential as a domestic and global fuel resource (Resource Characterization). • Develop the knowledge and technology necessary for commercial production of methane from oceanic and permafrost hydrate systems by 2015 (Production). • Develop an understanding of the dynamics and distribution of oceanic and permafrost methane hydrate systems sufficient...
Pagina 40 - ... gas. Despite the enormous range of these estimates, gas hydrates seem to be a much greater resource of natural gas than conventional accumulations. Even though gas hydrates are known to occur in numerous marine and Arctic settings, little is known about the geologic controls on their distribution. The presence of gas hydrates in offshore continental margins has been inferred mainly from anomalous seismic reflectors that coincide with the base of the gas-hydrate stability zone. This reflector...
Pagina 28 - The huge range in estimates of hydrate volume underscores the lack of detailed understanding of the location, volume, physical character, and formation mechanisms of hydrate deposits in the United States and the world. Program Goal: Determine the location and sedimentary relationships of methane hydrate resources to assess their potential as a domestic and global fuel resource. 2) How to Produce the Resource? Research Needs: In only one documented instance (and this is debated), there appears to...
Pagina 12 - ... establishing Legislative Counsel. In practical matters its use is to insure that the Office does not spend its time primarily answering letters sent to members by high school students. Like Legislative Counsel, COST is designed to serve the Congress directly and not the constituents of the Congress. Section 5 authorizes the appropriation of such funds as are necessary to maintain the Office. In the past the Congress has been unequipped and uninterested in the deciding of scientific priorities....
Pagina 23 - In the 1930s, as natural gas pipelines were extended into colder climates, engineers discovered that hydrates, rather than ice, would form in the lines, often plugging the flow of gas. These crystals, although unmistakably a combination of both water and natural gas, would often form at temperatures well above the freezing point of ordinary ice. Yet, for the next three decades, methane hydrates were considered only a nuisance, or at best, a laboratory oddity. That viewpoint changed in 1964. In a...

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