Vulnerability and Human Rights
Penn State Press, 10 aug. 2006 - 160 pagini
The mass violence of the twentieth century’s two world wars—followed more recently by decentralized and privatized warfare, manifested in terrorism, ethnic cleansing, and other localized forms of killing—has led to a heightened awareness of human beings’ vulnerability and the precarious nature of the institutions they create to protect themselves from violence and exploitation. This vulnerability, something humans share amid the diversity of cultural beliefs and values that mark their differences, provides solid ground on which to construct a framework of human rights.
Bryan Turner undertakes this task here, developing a sociology of rights from a sociology of the human body. His blending of empirical research with normative analysis constitutes an important step forward for the discipline of sociology. Like anthropology, sociology has traditionally eschewed the study of justice as beyond the limits of a discipline that pays homage to cultural relativism and the “value neutrality” of positivistic science. Turner’s expanded approach accordingly involves a truly interdisciplinary dialogue with the literature of economics, law, medicine, philosophy, political science, and religion.
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... this extended essay is a sociological study of rights as they are inscribed in national forms of citizenship and human ... The tensions and contradictions between states, citizens, and human rights constitute much of the content of ...
... taxation and contributions to social services through income tax are obvious indications of social citizenship. ... to define what they are or to show how they add much to the specific rights of citizens of national states.
This study of rights explores this ambiguity between the claims of citizens and the ''rights of man. ... that effective human rights regimes actually require state stability and the institutionalization of national citizenship.
These changes include: the partial erosion of national sovereignty and the growth of postnational citizenship; the emergence of global markets, especially a global labor market, and a corresponding growth of diasporic communities; ...
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