Vulnerability and Human Rights
Penn State Press, 10 aug. 2006 - 160 pagini
The mass violence of the twentieth century’s two world wars—followed more recently by decentralized and privatized warfare, manifested in terrorism, ethnic cleansing, and other localized forms of killing—has led to a heightened awareness of human beings’ vulnerability and the precarious nature of the institutions they create to protect themselves from violence and exploitation. This vulnerability, something humans share amid the diversity of cultural beliefs and values that mark their differences, provides solid ground on which to construct a framework of human rights.
Bryan Turner undertakes this task here, developing a sociology of rights from a sociology of the human body. His blending of empirical research with normative analysis constitutes an important step forward for the discipline of sociology. Like anthropology, sociology has traditionally eschewed the study of justice as beyond the limits of a discipline that pays homage to cultural relativism and the “value neutrality” of positivistic science. Turner’s expanded approach accordingly involves a truly interdisciplinary dialogue with the literature of economics, law, medicine, philosophy, political science, and religion.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Turner, Bryan S. Vulnerability and human rights / by Bryan S. Turner. p. cm. — (Essays on human rights) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-271-02923-4 (pbk.
Bryan S. Turner. to my children in the hope that their rights will never be denied, derogated, or expunged CONTENTS Acknowledgments ix 1 Crimes Against Humanity 1 2 Vulnerability.
CONTENTS Acknowledgments ix 1 Crimes Against Humanity 1 2 Vulnerability and Suffering 25 3 Cultural Rights and Critical Recognition Theory 45 4 Reproductive and Sexual Rights 69 5 Rights of Impairment and Disability 89 6 Rights of the ...
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This extended essay is based upon a series of lectures I gave at the University of Cambridge in the undergraduate program on citizenship and human rights. I am grateful to the students who took the Part 11B paper ''Soc ...
introduction: sociology and human rights In this study of rights, the concepts of human vulnerability and institutional precariousness are employed both to grasp the importance of human rights and to defend their universalism.