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Massinger As a possible explanation of the peculiarities of the play and its passing under Shakespeare's name, Mr. Leicester Bradner suggests that Shakespeare's company suddenly required a play on the general subject of Henry VIII to balance the successful performance of Rowley's When You See Me, You Know Me at a rival theatre. This is, of course, only guesswork.

In conclusion: The play was hastily thrown together. It shows no one creative mind.

It is a series of scenes, taken from well-known books, scenes which have little relation, even chronological, between them. It has no development of character. And its versification is, in the main, non-Shakespearean. Therefore the conclusion seems inevitable that whatever Shakespeare's share may have been in its composition, it was the minimum amount necessary to have it included by his first editors among his works.



The text of the present volume is based, by permission of the Oxford University Press, upon that of the Oxford Shakespeare, edited by the late W. J. Craig. Craig's text has been carefully collated with the Shakespeare Folio of 1623, and the following deviations have been introduced:

1. The stage directions of the Folio have been restored. Necessary words and directions, omitted by the Folio, are added within square brackets.

2. Spelling has been normalized to accord with modern English practice; e.g., Blackfriars, Sandys, everywhere, warlike, vainglory, reverend, sovereign (instead of Black-Friars, Sands, every where, warlike, vain-glory, rev’rend, sov'reign). The punctuation has been largely revised, and a number of oldfashioned Folio forms restored; e.g., th' effects, ť aspire, y'are (you're), burthen (burden).

3. The following changes of text have been introduced, usually in accordance with Folio authority. The readings of the present edition precede the colon, while Craig's readings follow it.

I. i. 42-45 All was royal

his full function (as. signed to Buckingham F): (assigned ta

Norfolk) 47 As you guess (assigned to Norfolk F):

(assigned to Buck.)
63 a' (OF): he

upon,-: upon;
80 in,-: in
120 venom'd-mouth'd F: venom-mouth'd
144 till ’t F: till it
ii. 32 longing F: 'longing

67 compels F: compel 147, 148 Henton F: Hopkins

190 Bulmer: Blumer F
iii. 59 h’as (Ha's F): he has
iv, 77 'em F: them

86 Ye F: You II. i. 53 S. d. (Follows line 54 in Craig)

106 'em F: them
ii. 7 'em F: them
60 has (ha's F): hath
64 Who's F: Who is

mine F: my
107 unpartial F: impartial
iii. 97 moe (mo F): more
iv. 125 Gent. Ush. F: Grif.

183 many-maz’d: many maz'd F
215 I then F: Then I

223 drives F: drive
III. i. 65 in a F: in
114, 115



: ye
118 h’as (ha's F): he has
157 'em F: them
ii. 30 letters F: letter

How that F: That
78 in's F: in his
103 An F: A
234 lords F: lord
400 him F: 'em

443 by it F: by 't IV.i. 79 before 'em F: before them ii. 49 an humble F: a humble

50 honour. From F: honour from
V.i. 11 and F: an
172, 173 an F: a
iii. 73 y'are F: you are

107 Chan.: Cham. F
133 his F: this
177 he's F: he is
iv. 2 Parish-garden (Parish Garden F): Paris-

7 ye F: you
86 y'are F: ye’re
v.76 H'as ('Has F): He has

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W. G. Boswell-Stone: Shakespere's Holinshed. London, 1896. Here the passages of the play are compared with those from the Chronicle.

George Cavendish: The Life of Cardinal Wolsey. The New Universal Library, with an introduction by Henry Morley. This account of Wolsey by one who knew him well is accessible in a number of editions.

J. S. Brewer: The Reign of Henry VIII, from his Accession to the Death of Wolsey. London, 1884. This is the most detailed history of the period. Brewer's admiration for Wolsey's statesmanship blinds him to faults in his character.

J. A. Froude: The Reign of Henry VIII. Everyman's Library. Froude's bias against Wolsey will correct Brewer's bias for him.

Martin Hume: The Wives of Henry VIII. London, 1905. Katharine's character and her place in history.

James Spedding: Who Wrote Shakespeare's Henry VIII? Gentleman's Magazine, August, 1850. The famous discussion of the appearance of Fletcher's style in the play.

Robert Boyle: Henry VIII. New Shakespeare Society, 1880, 1886. Massinger's authorship is here upheld.

H. Dugdale Sykes: Sidelights on Shakespeare. Stratford-on-Avon, 1919. Massinger's authorship argued on the ground of analogous phrasing between his known plays and Henry VIII.

Baldwin Maxwell: Fletcher and Henry the Eighth. Manly Memorial Vol., 1928, pp. 104-112. Some doubts concerning Fletcher's alleged part in the play.

Almost any modern edition will discuss the problems involved. The Cambridge edition of Henry VIII, edited by Aldus Wright, and the Arden edition, edited by D. Nichol Smith, give large amounts of illustrative material.

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