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House Office Bldg., Washington, D. C. Hon. ANTHONY J. GRIFFIN : As clerk of Sand Creek Quarterly Meeting of the Friends' Church, I have been directed by the meeting in session April 19, 1930, to write you indorsing the actions taken by you, concerning the naturalization and immigration bill you are sponsoring.

I have been directed also to write to the House Committee concerning it; this I have done, assuring them of our hearty approval of such a bill. Wishing you the greatest success in your proceedings, I am, Sincerely,

LIZZIE M. Cox, Clerk.


May 1, 1930. Hon. ANTHONY J. GRIFFIN :

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR MR. GRIFFIN: This is to again express to you my appreciation for the Griffin bill to amend the naturalization laws. Also to inform you that I am again addressing the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization in care of the Griffin bill committee, New York City, and that church groups are doing likewise.

Your effort in behalf of your bill as well as the bill itself is very much appreciated by Friends. With best wishes. Very sincerely yours,

R. R. NEWBY, General Superintendent.


House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR : Believing in the ideals of civil and religious liberty upon which our nation was founded, we support the principle that the refusal of the promise to bear arms because of a supreme loyalty to God shall not be a bar to citizenship in the United States.

We therefore desire the passage of the bill introduced by you in the House of Representatives.

Signed in behalf of West Milton Monthly Meeting of Friends held March 12, 1930.

E. J. PEARSON, Presiding Clerk.
Mrs. MINNIE SCHATZLEY, Recording Clerk.


Cherokee, Okla., March 14, 1930. ANTHONY J. GRIFFIN,

Congressman, Washington, D, 0. HONORED SIR: The Christian Endeavorers of the Cherokee quarterly meeting of the Society of Friends, assembled in meeting at Alva, Okla., Sunday, March 2, draft the following resolution;

We take this opportunity to express to you our most hearty indorsement of the House bill introduced by you before the House of Representatives, the purpose of which is to allow a man or a woman to become a citizen regardless of his or her religious views or opinions with respect to the lawfulness of war. May you be assured that in the presentation of this bill you are supported by this group unanimously. Trusting for the passage of this highly important measure, we are, Respectfully yours,

L. HERBERT REYNOLDS, Superintendent Department of Peace.


Elgin, Ill., April 17, 1930. GRIFFIN BILL COMMITTEE,

New York City, N. Y. DEAR SIRS : The peace department of the Church of the Brethren, representing the peace sentiments of over 133,000 peace-loving peop heartily endorses the Griffin bill to amend our naturalization laws. We believe that no person who is mentally and morally qualified for citizenship should be denied it on account of religious convictions. You may use my name, and we assure you of our whole-hearted support. Sincerely yours,


General Secretary.

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Elgin, Ill., May 1, 1930. GRIFFIN BILL COMMITTEE,

New York City, N. Y. GENTLEMEN : The Board of Religious Education of the Church of the Brethren, which includes the peace department of said church and represents the sentiments of 133,000 peace-loving people, heartily indorses the Griffin bill which purposes to admit to citizenship those who are morally and spiritually qualified regardless of conscientious objections to war..

This bill is right and has the indorsement of our people. We urge the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization to give it a favorable recommendation. Its passage by Congress will be in the interests of the highest welfare of our country. Yours very truly,


General Secretary.



The Covenant Club of the First Unitarian Church, Woburn, Mass.

American Unitarian Association, 25 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. (Passed resolution October 22, 1931.)


The Centenarian Club, Judge Henry Neil, founder, East Aurora, N. Y. Fellowship of Reconciliation, J. Nevin Sayre, Bible House, Astor Place, New York City.

Immigrants Protective League, Mrs. Keneth F. Rich, 824 South Halsted Street, Chicago, Ill.

American Civil Liberties Union, Roger N. Baldwin, director, 100 Fifth Avenue, New York City.

League for American Citizenship, Harold Field, executive director, 122 East Forty-second Street, New York City.


National Council for Prevention of War, Frederick J. Libby, executive secretary, 532 Seventeenth Street NW., Washington, D. C.

WOMEN'S International League for Peace and Freedom, Mrs. Mildred Scott Olmsted, executive secretary, 1525 Locust Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Women's Peace Society, Annie E. Gray, executive secretary, 20 Vesey Street, New York City.

International League for Peace and Freedom, Laura King, executive secretary, 150 Fifth Avenue, New York City.

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Emily G. Balch, superintendent, 130 Prince Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass.

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Dorothy Detzer, executive secretary, 8 Jackson Place NW., Washington, D. C.

League of Women Voters, Sally Peters, 50 West Sixty-seventh Street, New York City.

Griffin Bill Committee, 1122 Nineteenth Street, New York City.

Women's Peace Union, Caroline Lexow Babcock (for the working committee), 39 Pearl Street, New York City.

Young Women's Christian Association, New York City.
Young Women's Christian Association, Washington, D. C.


The Day, Marion Weinstein, editor English section (national Jewish daily), 183 Broadway, New York City, New Republic, Bruce Bliven, 422 West Twentysecond Street, New York City; the Survey, Paul U. Kellogg, 112 East Nineteenth Street, New York City; Labor, Washington, D. C.; Christian Science Monitor, Boston, Mass.; Washington Star, Washington, D. C.; Christian Century, Chicago, Ill. ; Washington News, Washington, D. C.; Nation, Oswald Garrison Villard, New York City; Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, Md. (two editorials) ; New York American, New York City; Hearst chain of papers ; New York World, New York City ; New York Telegram, New York City; Brooklyn Times, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Milwaukee Leader, Milwaukee, Wis.; Milwaukee Journal, Milwaukee, Wis.; Philadelphia Record, Philadelphia, Pa.; Portland News, Portland, Me.; Worcester Gazette, Worcester, Mass.; Waterbury Republican, Waterbury, Conn.; the Arbitrator, 114 East Thirty-first Street, New York City.


The CHAIRMAN. When you get them just submit them. I think there will be no trouble at all.

Telegrams and letters submitted indorsing H. R. 297 to be included in hearings selected out of many hundreds.


1. William Walker Rockwell, chairman of Commission on International Relations. Appointed by National Council of Congregational Churches at meeting held in Detroit, June, 1929, to record indorsement of H. R. 297 by said meeting.


1. James T. Shotwell, director Endowment for International Peace, 405 West One hundred and seventeenth Street, New York City.

2 and 3. Henry S. Coffin, president Union Theological Seminary, Broadway and One hundred and twentieth Street, New York City.

4. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, Riverside Church, Riverside Drive, One hundred and twenty-second Street, New York City.

5. Guy Franklin Hershberger, professor of history, Goshen College, representing the Mennonites.

6. Right Rev. G. Ashton Oldham, chairman the Churches and World Peace, 105 East Twenty-second Street, New York City.

7. H. O. Miles, Earlham College, Richmond, Ind.

8. William Dennis, president Earlham College, Richmond, Ind.; also copy of letter to Chairman Johnson.

9. Rev. Charles S. Macfarland, general secretary Federal Council, Churches of Christ in America, 105 East Twenty-second Street, New York City.

10. Ferdinanda W. Reed, 520 West One hundred and fourteenth Street, New York City.

11. G. W. Knobleuch, 27 West Forty-fourth Street, New York City. 12. Anna E. Gray, executive secretary Women's Peace Society, 20 Vesey Street, New York City.

13. Frank H. Stierghtoff, Plainfield Quarterly Meeting Friends, 733 East Thirty-third Street, Indianapolis, Ind.; also copy let to committee.

14. Mr. Harold Fields, League for American Citizenship (Ine.), One hundred and twenty-second East Forty-second Street, New York City.

15. Mr. Harry F. Ward, chairman American Civil Liberties Union, 100 Fifth Avenue, New York City.

fellow legislator, Mr. Griffin, himself no pacifist, but moved by a sense of justice, states clearly that his aim is to preclude the heckling that characterizes naturalization offices since the Bureau of Immigration (without legal authority or moral right undertook to test intending citizens by an examination of their views about war.

Mr. Griffin and we, his backers, stand behind a policy of adequate national defense. War as a national policy has been renounced by our Nation. Therefore there is no issue on that score between us and our opponents. What we as patriots protest against is the disposition of extreme militarists to mire our bill in terms of war.

Whatever the motives behind our opponents, their activities are destructive of liberty of conscience and freedom of speech, of the very spirit which brought our Nation to birth. If your committee is swayed by their arguments, and use their responsible office as the vehicle of interest and blind fear, they are inevitably helping to Bolshevize this country, putting a premium on the Bolshevistic methods for which our opponents are notorious; appeal to partisan interest; propaganda through rigidly-controlled channels (as are many of the so-called patriotic societies); and espionage through surreptitious " reports ” and blacklists.

Receive us, not as our opponents would persuade you, but as sincere patriots, defenders of the high traditions of our country, to the preservation of which we devote ourselves. Very respectfully,


Chairman Boston Griffin Bill Committee.


New York, January 20, 1932. Congressman ANTHONY J. GRIFFIN, Washington, D. C.

MY DEAR SIR: I heartily support your bill to amend the naturalization laws making impossible the barring of any citizen by reason of his or her opinions as to the lawfulness of war. I have been a publicist dealing with events on the American political scene for more than 34 years, and I do not think there is anything more vital than freedom of thought and freedom of conscience. Those are the rocks upon which the founders of this country built our Government. If those are taken out, whether by a decision of the Supreme Court or by legislation in any way, it will be the beginning of the undermining of the entire structure and will open the way of Fascism or a dictatorship, or to any other form of the development of the move toward autocratic government which seems everywh to be the result of the war to safeguard democracy.

The idea that people in taking the oath of citizenship should be asked to bind their consciences and pledge their honor to an unhonorable course of action is to me as wicked as it is preposterous. Freedom of conscience and belief were the cause of the Pilgrims coming to America. If we are to continue in laying down the principle that it shall be my country right or wrong, then the Pilgrim Fathers and the founders of this country were all wrong, their philosophy false, and their sacrifices in vain. Sincerely yours,



Cambridge, Mass., January 18, 1932. DEAR MR. GRIFFIN : I was very glad to learn that a bill is being advocated that aims to correct the disgraceful condition whereby aliens are, at present, in order to became citizens, forced to violate the spirit of the Kellogg pact, which, of course, has taken its high place in the supreme law of our land.

Doesn't it seem a little contradictory that the jingoists should not only trample under foot the constitutional freedom of conscience provisions, but also refuse citizenship to any alien who agrees to guide his conduct entirely in harmony with the Briand-Kellogg treaty?

In order to avoid disgraces like the Macintosh case, I hope, with all my heart, that the Griffin bill will pass. Yours sincerely,



New York, January 24, 1932. GRIFFIN BILL COMMITTEE.

GENTLEMEN: I am happy to indorse the Griffin bill (H. R. 297), amending the naturalization laws so as to permit citizenship to be conferred on persons who are opposed, for religious or philosophical reasons, to the resort to war for the settlement of international disputes. I have never been able to understand why a Nation which has renounced war as an instrument of national policy should deny applicants to citizenship the privilege of holding similar views. It is no more unpatriotic for an applicant for citizenship to be opposed to the institution of war than for the Nation to enter a solemn pact renouncing war as a method of solving international disputes. As your memorandum points out, this bill does not remit or exempt the applicant after his admission to citizenship of any of the duties of a native-born citizen ; it merely recognizes the liberty of conscience and freedom of thought of those living in this country, whether or not born here. Not only is there nothing in the Constitution which is opposed to this legislation but, on the contrary, the Griffin bill is in entire accord with the spirit of our institutions and the basic precepts of our constitutional system. Even those who are opposing this bill for misguided notions of patriotism will concede that liberty of conscience and freedom of thought are bulwark of our Federal Constitution. And as Justice Holmes has pointed out, “ If there is any principle of the Constitution that more imperatively calls for attachment than any other it is the principle of free thought-not free thought for those who agree with us but freedom for the thoughts we hate.” One will search the Constitution in vain for any provision justifying the denial in times of peace to applicants to citizenship the liberty of conscience and the freedom of thought which is guaranteed nativeborn citizens. Real patriotism calls for tolerance and understanding, not repression or compulsion. I do not believe that the foundations of the Republic would have been at all shaken if citizenship had been granted Madame Schwimmer, Doctor Macintosh, and Miss Bland, people whom Justice Holmes called “obviously more than ordinarily desirable.”

In the interest of justice and fair play, the Griffin bill should be enacted to remove the present discrimination between applicants for citizenship and native-born citizens. Sincerely yours,

MILTON HANDLER, Assistant Professor of Laro.


New York, January 23, 1932. Hon. ANTHONY J. GRIFFIN,

Washington, D. C. MY DEAR MR. GRIFFIN: I should have been very glad to have accepted your invitation to appear at the hearing on Tuesday, January 26, but I could not. I favor the bill and I would just as strongly as possible have urged the committee to give its approval to it. But the date you name makes it impossible for me to appear before the committee.

It is the privilege of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization to mend the anomalous situation in which our country finds itself at present. We aspire to be the peace leaders of the world, while we exclude such highminded, distinguished applicants for citizenship as Madame Rosika Schwimmer and Prof. Douglas Clyde Macintosh. I hope the committee will give a favor able report on the bill to the House.

With the repeated expression of regret that I can not personally testify at your hearing how strongly I believe in the necessity of passing your bill, Sincerely yours,



CAMBRIDGE, Mass., January 23, 1932. Hon. SAMUEL DICKINSTEIN, House of Representatives Office Building,

Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: We ask you and your Committee on Immigration and Naturalization to consider the Griffin bills H. R, 297, 298, for just what they are. Your

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