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And I vow'd if once more I could take her in tow,
I'd let the ungrateful ones see, That the turbulent winds and the billows could shew
More kindness than they did to me!
Southampton is in Hampshire, seventy-five miles south-west of the capital. The post towns are Brentford, Staines, Bagshot, Farnham, Alton, Alresford, Winchester, and Southampton. Winchester is well worth the attention of the antiquarian; it is twelve miles from Southampton; many make it a morning's ride, in order to explore that venerable city, and generally find themselves amply compensated for their trouble..
The Cathedral, the Cloisters, the Chapter-house, and all the other
appurtenances, have lately been tho
roughly repaired and restored to their pristine state of ornamental beauty.
The chauntries and monuments, with their emblematical decorations, many of which are curiously wrought, and the whole magnificent to an uncommon degree, strike the spectator with delight; the arms are all newly blazoned, and the minutiæ of heraldry carefully attended to.
The Reverend Mr. Milner has given the world an elegant and elaborate history and survey of the city of Winchester, and has made very profound researches, diving into the secret cells of ambiguity and doubt, and brought to light a pleasing treasure of 'hidden circumstances, which must be an everlasting entertainment to the
antiquary. Among the many are those of St. Cross, which lies about a mile from the Cathedral. 66. There is not within the island
any remnant of ancient piety and charity of the same kind which has been so little changed in its institution and appearance as this before us.
The lofty tower, with the grated door and porter's lodge beneath it, the retired ambulatory, the separate cells, the common refectory, the venerable church, the black-flowing dress, and the silver cross worn by the members, the conventual appellation of brother, with which they salute each other; in short, the silence, the order, and the neatness, that here reign, serve to recal the idea of a monastery to those who have seen one, and will give no imperfect idea of such an
establishment to those who have not had that advantage.
“ This, however, never was monastery, but only an hospital for the
support of ancient and infirm men, living together in a regular and devout manner; of which sort there was formerly an incredible number in the kingdom. It is true, that, soon after the conversion of the island to christianity, a monastery had been erected on the same spot, the original name of which was Sparkford; but this, having been destroyed by the Pagan Danes, was never afterwards rebuilt. The first founder of the hospital was Henry de Blois, the celebrated bishop of Winchester, and brother to king Stephen, who instituted it about the year 1136, to provide thirteen poor men,
who were otherwise unable to maintain themselves, with every necessary.
“ But the succeeding bishop, Richard Toclyve, disagreeing with these religious, concerning the administration of the hospital, at the instance of the sovereign, Henry II. and upon certain conditions agreed upon between the parties, they resigned their charge into the hands of the prelate and his successors. Toclyve, being
the improvement of this charity, provided that an additional hundred poor persons should be supported on it, besides those appointed by his predecessor.
" The present establishment of Sta Cross is but the wreck of the two ancient institutions, having been se