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Canterbury is one of the most ancient cities now in the nation, and originally called Caergent, or the Court of Kentish men.
“ It is reported by some to have been founded with Winchester in Hampshire,and Shaftesbury in Dorsetshire, by Rudhudibras, otherwise Cicuber, King of Britain, almost 2 500 years since; the truth whereof may be questionable, for that it is believed for certain, that Shaftesbury was founded by King Alfred many hundred terwards; but as certain it is, that this city of Canterbury was famous in the time of the Roman government here, and in the time of Ethelbert, King of Kent, about 1050 years since. This was his chief city, and place of residence, which afterwards was by Ethel
stan enriched with seven mints, viz. four for himself, two for the Archbishop, and one for the Abbot.
“ And for divers centuries after wards, this city was the chief place of Kent, governed by a præfect, portreve, bailiffe, or provost, until the year 1449, when it came to be governed by a mayor, and so hath ever since continued; and in the year 1461, it was made a county of itself.
“ The cathedral is a fine piece of Gothic architecture, situated in a spacious square towards the east side of the city. This magnificent pile is erected where a Christian church stood before the Saxous governed in Kent: that church, with its adjacent palace, Ethelbert gave to Augustine, a the
monk, monk, soon after he arrived to preach the Gospel in Britain. Augustine dedicated it to Christ, and made it a cathedral-monastery about the year 600."
There are many ancient monu'ments in this church, some in very good condition, among which are those of Henry IV. and his Queen, A. D. 1413, and Edward, the Black Prince. The cloisters and chapterhouse are of the same age as the church. In this chapter-room, A. D. 1171, King Henry II. either through piety or policy, suffered the audacious monks to vent their insolence on his royal back with a scourge. The ruins of St. Augustine's monastery stand upon many acres of ground, and the two. spacious gateways lead the mind of
the spectator to picture to itself what a splended structure it must have been. But were I to dwell on the history of this city, it would break in so much upon my intended plan, that I should be under the necessity of swelling my duodecimo to a folio volume.
The nearest way from Margate to Ramsgate is four miles; but, if
you should go through Kingsgate and Broadstairs, it is more than five.
Should you be disposed to go by water to Margate, you will be often under the necessity of arming yourself with a great deal of patience and a good store of victuals; you must shut your eyes from seeing indecent scenes, your ears from indecent conversation, and your nose from indelicate smells.
The Hoys are a kind of small, muchcrowded, and moving, jails; the Captain, as he is called, and his men, generally assimilate much in their manners, and in their language, to the keepers of Newgate and other places of confinement about London ; and the passengers often, from the time they set sail from Billingsgate till they arrive at Margate, feel themselves under the same state of injunction as those unfortunate creatures who are kept under lock and key in the aforementioned places of confinement, and generally meet with as little degree of respect.
But these are the vehicles which are the cause of Margate being more numerously frequented than any other place of the kind, carrying so many