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It was here King Edward kept his .crowded court at the time of the bloody struggles between the contending houses of Lancaster and York. It was from hence his sons, the poor young Edward Prince of Wales, and Richard Duke of York, were sent for by the tyrant Richard, and murdered in the tower of London. Here the great Earl of Pembroke lived, and the illustrious and elegant Sir Philip Sidney,
while within these walls, in his hours of lucubration, presented to the world that beautiful ornament to literature called the COUNTESS af PEMBROKE's ARCADIA.
Here Milton's Comus was partly written, and first performed in all its splendor by courtly actors, attended by princely auditors. The wood is
still standing in the neighbourhood of the castle were he laid the scenes for his important Necromancer to exercise his fancy and riot in his revels.
It was here that the witty but unfortunate Butler (even in the tower over the great gate-way, at the entrance of the castle) wrote the greatest part of his Hudibras.
The stately walls are now tumbling down, and the spacious hall that once was decorated with a gilded roof and choicest hangings, crouded with female beauty and with warriors bold, is open now to the inclemency of the skies; its garnished sides are all defaced; but there is a mutability in all sublunary matters, which only serves to tell us that time has no respect to persons or to things. .
This place is generally very fashionably attended in the summer season; it lies in the peak of Derby; the waters are said to render great relief to those patients who are afficted with rheumatisms or spasms; they are grateful to the taste, and rather warm; I had never an occasion to make use of the waters, but the air produces a vigorous appetite.
Buxton is built chiefly of stone, and was no more than a small village of great inns, hotels, and little public houses a few years ago, but it has been considerably augmented, many little dwellings, being lately built, have made it a town of more consequence;
the new Crescent has given it a stile and dignity, which, though it lies in a dell, has raised it to that degree of respect as to excite the attention of all travellers. It is built with stone, and said to be as fine a piece of masonry as any thing we have to boast of, being both elegant and extensive, has a handsome piazza in the front; the rest of the building is of the composite order. In rainy weather, and there is commonly more at Buxton than at any other town in England, except Manchester, the piazza is found a convenient shelter, the people having it in their power to go from house to house without suffering from the humidity of the climate.
The stabling is on a rising ground at the distance of about one hundred
yards from the back part of the Crescent, between which there runs a rivulet, that carries off every thing that might prove offensive from the stables, which form a circus of
great extent, and are also built of stone; the interior part is colonnaded round, with a spacious ride in the centre. Within the colonnade they have secured a shelter like to that in the Grescent, to prevent the grooms and other servants suffering from the rain while they are dressing the horses; each of these pillars is cut out of one solid stone of about ten feet in height, and handsomely formed; the coach-houses are on one side of the stables, which are built in the same order and beauty, and possess the same conveniency; the whole displaying the most uriform and extensive mews in the kingdom.