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ties of this cave, and refuse to go in. came to himself and ran scampering off.
While I was there, some of these fellows These inhuman exhibitions ought not to
came to me and offered to exhibit the be encouraged by travellers.
experiment; but I declined, not wish- Every part of the neighborhood of the
ing to see an animal treated with cruelty city abounds with evidence of the ex-
for mere curiosity. They assured me istence of volcanic fire, under ground.
that the dog need not be killed—that As I walked along the road I found the
they would only keep him in the cave smoke issuing from holes and clefts
long enough to throw him into a swoon, in the ground : and on placing my
and then bring him to life again by hands in these fissures, I found them so
plunging him into the water. I told hot that one might roast eggs in them.
them this was as bad as killing him Yet people build houses and pass their
outright: for the animal could suffer no lives upon these spots, without troubling

more by actually dying. They were themselves with the reflection that they
very unwilling to lose their expected live on a thin crust of soil hanging over
fee, and answered me that there was no a yawning gulf of fire! In my walk
suffering in the case, but, on the contrary, homeward I passed by a hill, about the
the dogs were very fond of the sport! size of Bunker Hill, which some time
I laughed at this impudent falsehood, ago rose up suddenly, in a single night,
and refused to have anything to do with from a level plain. It is now all over-
the exhibition.

grown with weeds and bushes. If it A few minutes after, a party of visit- were not for Mount Vesuvius, which ers arrived who had no such humane affords a breathing-place for these subscruples : they were resolved to see the terranean fires, it is highly probable that experiment tried. Accordingly, a dog the whole face of the country would be was brought forward ; and I now had a rent into fragments by earthquakes and chance to see how much truth there was volcanic explosions. Vesuvius may be in the assertion that these animals were called the safety value of the country. fond of being choked to death. The On my way home, I was stopped on poor dog no sooner perceived his visiters the road by an immense crowd. It was than he became as perfectly aware of a funeral. A long train of monks and what was going forward as if he had priests attended the hearse, each one heard and understood every syllable that clad in a dress which resembled a loose had been said. It showed the utmost white sheet thrown over the head and unwillingness to proceed towards the falling down to the feet, with little round cavern, but his master seized him by the holes cut for the eyes. They looked neck and dragged him with main force like a congregation of spectres from the along till he reached the mouth of the other world. The corpse was that of an cave, into which he thrust him howling army officer. He lay not in a coffin, and making the most piteous cries. In buf exposed in full uniform upon a crima few minutes he fell upon the ground son pall edged with gold. Everything motionless, and lay without any signs accompanying the hearse was pon pous, of life. The spectators declared that showy and dazzling. they had seen enough to satisfy them; This indeed is the characteristic of on which the fellow took the dog up by the people; almost everything in their the ears and plunged him into the lake. manners and mode of life is calculated After two or three dips, the poor animal to strike the senses and produce effect began to agitate his limbs and at length by dazzling and external display. No

thing can surpass the splendor of their these as well as the women, were now religious processions, the rich and im- rejoicing at the prospect of having this posing decoration of their churches, and great blessing bestowed upon the little the pomp and parade and showy display community of Fredonia. which attend the solemnization of all The day for the meeting arrived, and their public festivals. The population the men of the island assembled, agreeof these countries are exceedingly sensi- ably to the appointment. First came tive to the effect of all these exhibitions, the men of the tent party, and then, and their lively and acute feelings bring those from the Outcast's cave.

The them under the influence of whatever is latter were greeted by a shout of weladdressed strongly to their outward come, and mingling with the rest, a kind senses. They are little guided by sound shaking of hands took place between reason and sober reflection, but are at those, who so lately were arrayed against the mercy of all the impulses that arise each other in deadly conflict. from a keen sensibility and an excitable After a short time, Mr. Bonfils, being imagination.

the oldest man of the company, called the assembly to order, and he being chosen chairman, went on to state the

objects of the assembly, in the following Story of Philip Brusque. words:

My dear friends; it has been the CHAPTER XI.

will of Providence to cast us together The meeting --Discussion.-A government adopt- upon this lonely, but beautiful island. ed.-Conclusion for the present.

It would seem that so small a community,

regulated by mutual respect and mutual The time for the meeting of the peo- good will, might dwell together in peace ple to take measures for the establish- and amity, without the restraints of law, ment of a government for the island of or the requisitions of government. But Fredonia, was fixed for the day which history has told us, that in all lands, and followed the events narrated in the last in all ages, peace, order, justice, are chapter. This meeting was looked for- only to be secured by established laws, ward to with intense interest, by all and the means of carrying them into parties. The men, who knew that there effect. There must be government, even could be no peace or safety in society, in a family; there must be some power without government, regarded the event to check error, to punish crime, to comas likely to decide whether the inhabi- mand obedience to the rule of right. tants of the island were to be happy or Where there is no government, there miserable.

the violent, the unjust, the selfish, have The women, who were perhaps not sway, and become tyrants over the rest apt to reflect upon these things, had also of the community. Our own unhappy learned from their experience that a experience teaches us this. government, establishing and enforcing “Now we have met together, with a laws, was indispensable to the quiet and knowledge, a conviction of these truths. security of society: they saw that their We know, we feel, we see that law is own lives, their freedom, their homes, necessary, and that there must be a were not secure, without the protection government to enforce it. Without this, of law. Even the children had found there is no peace, no security, no quiet that government was necessary, and fireside, no happy home, no pleasant


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society. Without this, all is fear, anx- that he cannot burst, and which only iety, and anarchy.

renders him a slave of that


which "Let us then enter upon the duties has thus entangled him?" of this occasion, with a proper sense of

When Maurice had done, Brusque the obligation that rests upon us; of the arose, and spoke as follows: serious duty which is imposed on every “ Mr. Chairman; I am happy that man present. We are about to decide Mr. Maurice has thus stated a difficulty questions which are of vital interest, not which has arisen in my own mind: he only to each actor in this scene, but to has stated it fairly, and it ought to be these wives and sisters and children, fairly answered. Liberty is certainly a whom we see gathered at a little dis- good thing ; without it, man cannot enjoy tance, watching our proceedings, as if the highest happiness of which he is their very lives were at stake."

capable. All useless restraints of liberty This speech was followed by a burst are therefore wrong; all unnecessary of applause ; but soon a man by the restraints of liberty are wrong. But name of Maurice arose-one who had the true state of the case is this : we been a leading supporter of Rogere—and can enjoy no liberty, but by submitting addressed the assembly as follows: to certain restraints. It is true that

* Mr. Chairman; it is well known that every law is an abridgment of liberty; I am one of the persons who have fol- but it is better to have some abridgment lowed the opinions of that leader who of it, than to lose it all. lost his life in the battle of the tents. I “I wish to possess my life in safety ; followed him from a conviction that his accordingly I submit to a law which for: views were right. The fact is, that I bids murder: I wish to possess my have seen so much selfishness in the property in security; and therefore I officers of the law, that I have learned submit to a law which forbids theft and to despise the law itself. Perhaps, how- violence: I wish to possess my house ever, I have been wrong. I wish to ask without intrusion; I therefore submit to two questions--the first is this: Is not a law which forbids one man to trespass liberty a good thing? You will answer upon the premises of another: I wish that it is. It is admitted, all the world to go and come, without hindrance, and over, that liberty is one of the greatest without fear; I therefore submit to a law enjoyments of life. My second question, which forbids highway robbery, and all then is— Why restrain liberty by laws ? interference with a man's pursuit of his Every law is a cord put around the limbs lawful business. of liberty. If you pass a law that I Now, if we reflect a little, we shall shall not steal, it is restraint of my free- readily see that by submitting to certain dom; it limits my liberty; it takes away restraints, we do actually increase the a part of that, which all agree is one of amount of practical, available, useful the greatest benefits of life. And thus, liberty. By submitting to laws, thereas you proceed to pass one law after fore, we get more freedom than we lose. another, do you not at last bind every That this is the fact, may be easily member of society by such a multiplied tested by observation. Go to any civilweb of restraints, as to make him the ized country, where there is a settled slave of law? And is not a member of government and a complete system of a society where you have a system of laws, and you will find, in general, that laws, like a fly in the hands of the spider, a man enjoys his house, his home, his wound round and round by a bondage lands, his time, his thoughts, his pro


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perty, without fear: whereas, if you go to a savage land, where there is no government and no law, there you will find your life, property, and liberty, exposed every inoment to destruction. Who, then, can fail to see that the very laws which abridge liberty in some respects, actually increase the amount of liberty enjoyed by the community.”

The Tanrec. Maurice professed himself satisfied with this solution of his difficulties ; and hog, but is larger than that animal

, and

This creature resembles the hedgethe meeting proceeded to appoint a com

, mittee, to go out and prepare some plan, itself into a ball, for defence, like the

is destitute of a tail. It does not roll to be submitted to the meeting. This committee returned, and after a short

former animal. It passes three of the space, brought in a resolution, that Mr. warmest months of the year in a state Bonfils be for one year placed at the of torpor, differing in this respect from head of the little community, with abso- other animals, which become torpid from lute power; and that, at the end of that extreme cold. Its legs are very short, period, such plan of government as the

and it moves very slowly. It is fond people might decree, should be estab of the water, and loves to wallow in the lished.

mud. It moves about only by night. This resolution was adopted unani- There are three species, all found in the mously. The men threw up their hats island of Madagascar. in joy, and the air rang with acclamations. The women and children heard the cheerful sounds, and ran toward the men, who met them half way. It was a Letter from a Correspondent. scene of unmixed joy. Brusque and Emilie met, and the tears of satisfaction Little Readers of the Museum: fell down their cheeks. François went I sometimes read Mr. Robert Merto his aged mother, and even her dim- ry's Museum, and I like it very much, med eye was lighted with pleasure at as I presume all his little “ blue-eyed the joyful issue of the meeting. and black-eyed readers” do. He talks

We must now take leave of the island very much like good old Peter Parley. of Fredonia-at least for a time—and I should think he had heard him tell whether we ever return to it, must many a story while he rested his wooden depend upon the wishes of our young leg on a chair, with a parcel of little readers. If they are anxious to see how laughing girls and boys around him. the people flourished under the reign of Oh, how many times I have longed to their aged old chief, and how they pro- see him, and crawl up in his lap and ceeded in after years, perchance we may hear his stories! But Mr. Merry says lift the curtain and show them the scene he is dead, and I never can see him. I that lies behind it. But I hope that our am very-very sorry, for I hoped I readers have learnt, that not only men should sometime visit him, for I loved and women, but children, have an inter- him very much, and I guess he would est in government, and therefore that it have loved me some, for I like old is a thing they should try to understand. people, and always mean to treat them



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with respect. How cruel it was for pens, and occasionally, when they were others to write books and pretend that busy, would bring me one to make for Peter Parley wrote them !—for it seems them. The students soon found it out, that this shortened his life. I am glad, and I had plenty of business. One day however, that Mr. Merry has his writ- the principal of the school came to me ings, for I think he loves his little friends and offered to compensate me by giving 80 well that he will frequently publish me my tuition one term, which was six some of them. I said that I loved Peter dollars, if I would make and mend pens. Parley, and I guess you will not think I did not accept the money of course, it strange that I should, when I tell you though I cheerfully and gladly performed what a useful little book he

the small service. published, and how much pleasure I So you see, Peter Parley's instruction took in reading it. He wrote a great has done me a great deal of good, for many interesting pieces which I read how many persons there are who canand studied, and they did me much not make a good pen, because they never good, I think. I hope that the little learned how. readers of the Museum will learn a good My little readers, I am now almost deal from what they read.

twenty years old, but I still remember Peter Parley wrote a piece which told many other things which I read in Peter us how to make pens. I read it over, Parley's books when I was a little girl. and over again, and, finally, I thought I Mr. Robert Merry talks and writes just would see if I could not make one. So like him, almost, and I hope you will I went to my little desk and took out a love to read and study attentively quill, got my aunt's knife and laid the Merry's Museum, for it is a good little book before me and tried to do just work, and a pleasant one. Be assured, as Peter Parley told me I must. I suc. my young friends, you can learn a great ceeded very well, and my friends were deal from it, if you read it carefully. I quite pleased. This encouraged me should like to say much more to you, very much, and soon I made them so

but I cannot now.

I have been sitting well that


teachers made me no more by the fire, in a rocking-chair, writing pens. By-and-by my little associates this on a large book, with a pussy under got me to make and mend theirs, and I it for a desk, but she has just jumped loved the business very much.

from my lap, and refuses to be made Well, a few years since, I went to a a table of any longer. So farewell. beautiful village to attend school, where

Your young friend, a splendid academy stands, around

LAURA. which, are large green trees, under Springfield, Jan. 6, 1842 whose shade my little readers would love to sit. There I staid two or three years. Often did I walk out with the teachers, whom I loved, to botanize, or COOKERY Book.—" Has that cookery ramble, with nimble step, over the beau- book any pictures ?” said Miss C. to a tiful hills of that sweet place, and listen bookseller. “No, miss, none," was the to the constant murmur of its waterfalls,

“Why," exclaimed the witty or gather the delicate flowers that grew young lady, “what is the use of telling so plentifully there. But to my story. us how to make a good dinner, if they My teachers saw that I made my own give us no plates ?


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