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ingale. He sings in the most lively and first time without emotions impossible voluble strain, and is well worthy of his to describe. I stopped involuntarily. A great reputation among the feathered wide plain extended from the foot of the songsters; but there is no American bird eminence on which I stood to the walls of whom he resembles in tone or manner. Rome. Long lines of aqueducts, ruined We stopped for the night at Velletri, towers, and broken masses of walls and which stands on a commanding emi- other architecture, chequered the surface nence, with an almost boundless pros- of the plain ; and the whole exhibited a pect toward the south. On the other striking spectacle of ruin and desolaside, you look down a deep valley and tion. This was the Campagna di Roma, up the side of a mountain beyond, cov- which, in the day of its prosperity, was ered with verdant fields, gardens, vine covered with houses and gardens, the yards, and every variety of cultiva- suburbs of the great city. Now, everytion.

thing is still, solitary and lifeless. As I Rome was now but twenty-four Italian approached the city, I saw nothing or eighteen English miles distant. The around me but fields without fences, morning broke delightfully, and my im- overgrown with brambles; not a house patience to see the great capital of the nor a garden, nor a human being, except world was at such a height, that I would here and there a ragged shepherd watchnot wait for the carriage, but set out on ing his sheep, which were browsing foot. Long strings of wagons were among the ruins ! Nearer the city, ! coming from Rome, having left that city passed occasionally a field of wheat, and late the preceding night. It was amus- now and then a house; but hardly any ing to notice that the drivers were nearly people were to be seen, and nothing of the all fast asleep. The horses were eating hurry, life and bustle which indicate the all the way, each one having a bundle neighborhood of a populous city. This of hay tied to the head of the shaft in spectacle of solitude and desolation consuch a manner that he could help him- tinued even after passing the gates of self. The road over which I was pass- Rome; for half the territory within the ing was the celebrated Appian way, and walls is an utter waste. is paved neatly and durably with square stones laid diamond-wise. As the day drew on, I met the country people going to their work. The women have RATTLESNAKES. -Two men, Egbert a curious head-dress, consisting of a Galusha and Reuben Davis, residing in square fold of cloth, starched stiff and the town of Dresden, on the east side of laid flat on the top of the head, often Lake George, recently killed, in three fastened with a silver pin as big as a days, on the east side of Tongue Mounkitchen skewer.

tain, in the town of Bolton, eleven hun. Two or three more small towns on the dred and four rattlesnakes! They were road could not induce me to slacken my confined to rocks and uninhabited places. pace towards the great object of my cu- Some of the reptiles were of an enormous riosity. At length, about the middle of size, having from six to twenty rattles. the forenoon, as I ascended a steep hill, They were killed for their oil or grease, I caught sight of a lofty dome at a dis- which is said to be very valuable. We tance, which I instantly knew for St. Pe- will turn out Warren county against ter's! Rome indeed was before me !a the world for rattlesnakes ! Glenns' sight which no man can behold for the Falls Clarion,

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ABOUT seven or eight hundred years but they got it back again after a short ago, it was the custom of Christians, in time. various parts of the world, to go to the It was about the period of the cru. city of Jerusalem, to say prayers and sades that Knight-Errantry took its perform penances, thinking that they rise. The knights-errant, or wandering benefited their souls thereby. Jerusalem knights, rode on fine horses, with belonged to the Turks then, as it does spears and swords; and when they met now; and it frequently happened that each other they went to battle, often for these Christians were ill-treated by the the fun of it. They pretended to go inhabitants, who despised and hated about to relieve the distressed and to them.

punish injustice: and there was need This ill-treatment roused the people enough of this—for, in that age of the of Europe to vengeance, and vast armies world, there was a great deal of cruelty went to take Jerusalem from

the Turks, and oppression. Sometimes these knights whom they called infidels. There were really performed very noble and brave several of these wonderful expeditions, actions. The stories of their adventures, called Crusades, during the tenth, twelfth, preserved in ancient books, are very and thirteenth centuries, in which sev. interesting. eral millions of people lost their lives. The order of Knights Templars was Jerusalem was taken from the Turks, formed at Jerusalem, by seven gentlemen,



about the year 1120. They professed to mon's Temple, whence they were called devote themselves to the service of God, Templars. After a time, the Templars and actually set about punishing robbers were numerous in Europe, where they and thieves who troubled the Christians grew very rich and powerful. At last who went on pilgrimages to Jerusalem. they were accused of high crimes; and, They increased in numbers, and had in the fourteenth century, the order was apartments assigned them near Solo- suppressed.


No. IV.

The Garden of Peace. could perceive that it was a most en

chanting spot. It was not a place where THERE are few persons who do pre- kitchen vegetables are produced, but it cisely as they ought to do. It is very was embellished by every object of naseldom that any one, even for a single ture and art that could give beauty to day, discharges every duty that rests the landscape. There were groves of upon him, at the same time avoiding lofty trees, with winding avenues beeverything that is wrong. There is tween them. There were green lawns, usually something neglected, delayed, the grass of which seemed like velvet. or postponed, that ought to be done to. There were groups of shrubs, many of day. There is usually some thought them in bloom, and scattering delicious entertained, some feeling indulged, some fragrance upon the atmosphere. deed committed, that is sinful. If any Between these pleasing objects there person doubts this, let him make the were fountains sending their silvery experiment; let him watch every thought showers into the air ; and a stream of and action for a single day, and he will water, clear as crystal, wound with gentle be very likely to perceive that what we murmurs through the place. The charms say is true that all fall far short of of this lovely scene were greatly heightperfect obedience to the rule of right. ened by the delicious music of birds, the

And yet, if a person can once make hum of bees, and the echoes of many up his mind to do right, it is the surest youthful and happy voices. way to obtain happiness. The manner The two young men gazed upon the in which this may be accomplished, and landscape with intense interest; but the pleasant consequences that follow, I as they could only see a portion of it shall endeavor to show by an allegory, through the trellis, they looked out for which will, at the same time, exhibit the some gate by which they might enter evils that proceed from an habitual and the garden. At a little distance, they determined neglect of duty.

perceived an arch, and they went to the In an ancient city of the East, two spot, supposing that they should find an youths chanced to be passing a beautiful entrance here. There was, indeed, a garden. It was enclosed by a lofty gate; but, behold, it was locked, and they trellis, which prevented their entering found it impossible to gain admittance! the place; but, through its openings, they While they were considering what course they should adopt, they perceived of requiring self-denial and a sacrifice an inscription upon the arch above, of his tastes and wishes, seemed to him which ran as follows:

to be a matter of course, and the pleas“ Ne'er till to-morrow's light delay

antest thing he could do. UWhat may as well be done to-day;

While he was thinking of this, a perNe'er do the thing you'd wish undone son came near, and the two fell into. Viewed by to-morrow's rising sun.

conversation. After a little while, the Observe these rules a single year, youth told his companion what he was And you may freely enter here."

thinking of, and asked him to account The two youths were much struck by for his feelings. “ This place,” said the

. these lines; and, before they parted, both other, “is the Garden of Peace. It is had agreed to make the experiment and the abode of those who have adopted try to live according to the inscription. God's will as the rule of their lives. It They were not only anxious to gain is a happy home provided for those who admittance to the beautiful garden, but have conquered selfishness; those who the idea of adopting a plan like that pro- have learned to put aside their passions posed had something of novelty in it; and do their duty. At first, it is difficult and this is always pleasing to the ardent to do this; for, in early life, we adopt heart of the young.

wrong courses, and habit renders them I need not tell the details of their pro- easy. These habits become our masters, gress in their trial. Both found the task and it is hard to break away from them. they had undertaken much more diffi- But if we triumph over these habits, and cult than they at first imagined. To if we adopt others, of a virtuous kind, their surprise, they found that following then it is easy to follow them; and the this rule required an almost total change peace that flows from virtuous habits is of their modes of life ; and this taught beyond the power of words to express. them, what they had not felt before, that This lovely garden is but a picture of a very large part of their lives-a very the heart that is firmly established in the large share of their thoughts, feelings ways of virtue. Her ways are ways of and actions-were wrong, though they pleasantness, and all her paths are were considered virtuous young men peace.” by the society in which they lived. While the companions were thus con

After a few weeks, the younger of the versing, and as they were passing near two, finding that the scheme put too many the gateway, the youth saw on the other restraints

upon his tastes, abandoned the side the friend who had resolved to foltrial. The other persevered, and, at the low the inscription, but who had given end of the year, presented himself at over the trial. Upon this, the

companthe arched gateway of the garden. ion of the youth said, “Behold the

To his great joy, he was instantly young man who could not conquer himadmitted; and if the place pleased self! How miserable is he in comparison him when seen dimly through the trel- with yourself! What is it makes the lis, it appeared far more lovely, now difference? You are in the Garden of that he could actually tread its pathways, Peace ; he is excluded from it. This tall breathe its balmy air, and mingle inti- gateway is a barrier that he cannot pass ; mately with the scenes around. One this is the barrier, interposed by human thing delighted, yet surprised him— vices and human passions, which sepawhich was this: it now seemed easy for rates mankind from that peace, of which him to do right; nay, to do right, instead we are all capable. Whoever can con


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quer himself, and has resolved, firmly, If he cannot do that, he must continue that he will do it, has found the key of to be an outcast from the Garden of that gate, and he may freely enter here. Peace !


The Banana. The banana tree is a kind of palm, The fruit of the banana tree is almost found in hot climates. It is common in as large as a cucumber; the leaves are South America, and we frequently see five or six feet long and a foot wide. the fruit in our markets. When this is cut in slices, dried in the sun, and pounded, it produces a mealy substance that answers the purpose of bread. The ECONOMY.-As a proof of domestic banana is also eaten without cooking, economy in France, it may be stated when ripe, and is esteemed very deli- that a short time back, in the commune cious. The Spaniards always cut the of Bugey, in the Saone-et-Loire, a man fruit lengthwise, for they have a super- buried his wife in an old clock-case to stitious dread of cutting it across, because save the expense of a coffin, in defiance the pieces then have a resemblance to of the remonstrances of the neighbors the cross on which Christ was crucified. and a clergyman.


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