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This is a species of palm, which produ- plants arise to form the variety of food ces the sweet fruit which is brought to to which we are accustomed; and the us from Smyrna, and other ports in the natives of these districts live almost excluMediterranean, and which is well known sively upon the fruit of the date tree. under the name of date.
A paste is made of this fruit by pressing In the regions between Barbary and it in large baskets. This paste is not the Great Desert
, the soil, which is of a used for present supply, but is intended sandy nature, is so much parched by the for a provision in case of a failure in the intense heat of the sun's rays, that none crops of dates, which sometimes occurs, of the corn plants will grow; and in the owing to the ravages committed by loarid district, called the land of dates, the custs. few vegetables that can be found are of The date in its natural state forms the the most dwarfish description. No usual food; and the juice yielded by it when fresh, contains so much nutriment stream of water. Sometimes its tall as to render those who live upon it so stem is surrounded by beautiful climbing extremely fat. As, by the Moors, corpu- plants, and the most brilliant flowers lence is esteemed an indispensable re- flourish beneath its shadow. quisite of beauty, the ladies belonging to This palm frequently attains the the families of distinction among them, height of sixty feet, and stands perfectly nourish themselves, during the season, upright, unlike, in this respect, some solely with the fresh fruit, and by con- other species of palm, whose slight forms tinuing this regimen during two or yield to the winds. It was to this tree three months, they become of an enor- that the Psalmist alluded when he said, mous size.
“The righteous shall grow as the palm The date palm flourishes very gene- tree,"—firm and unmoved by the shocks rally on sandy soils in the hot countries of temptation and the storms of adverof Asia and Africa. Not always, how- sity. The clusters of dates are someever, is the soil that supports it, barren as times five feet in length, and, when ripe, the one I have described. It is frequently are of a bright gold color, over which found by streams, and as the tired trav- the summit of the tree is crowned with a
sees its foliage waving afar, he beautiful foliage. hastens towards it, hoping to find a
There is nothing in which mankind and in some things, every few weeks. display more caprice, than in dress; and There is a new style of bonnet in Paris it is curious to remark, that this caprice at least every three months. is most conspicuous in the more civilized But in China and India, and indeed countries. În London and Paris, the over all Asia, the fashions of dress are fashions of dress change every year, unchangeable. The people now wear
almost exactly the same garments, of the And now for the dandy of our cities same colors and the same forms, as a The great thing is to have abundance of thousand years ago.
hair; and the more it hangs over the The country people of Europe, gene- eyes, and obtrudes itself around the nose rally, have a fixed costume, which con- and mouth and neck, and in every
other tinues, with little change, from genera- place that may suggest the idea of distion to generation ; but in the great comfort or filthiness, so much the better, cities, all is variety and vicissitude. In thinks the dandy. For my own part, I this country we copy European fashions, lay it down as an invariable rule, that if and there are some silly people whose a youth displays an unusual quantity of greatest desire is to be dressed in the hair or beard, he is deficient, to the same Parisian style.
extent, in brains. I believe this is Now when we are told of the Chinese a safe ground of judgment. But still, ladies, who have their feet bandaged in it is the fashion, just now, to run to hair, order to make them small, until they can and thus it seems our young men have hardly walk-thus rendering themselves an ambition to excel in that, in which, miserable and useless, and all this to be after all their efforts, the bear, the bufthought genteel—we think them very falo, and indeed most beasts, will always absurd. But look at the picture, on the surpass them. When I see one of these preceding page, and tell me if these whiskered, soap-locked fellows, I always ladies are not about as foolish. They think of the description that an Irish are dressed in the fashion of Queen girl gave of a skunk that was rude to Elizabeth's time, and it has been much her, upon a certain occasion. As she imitated by the ladies of modern days. went home, she carried evidence of the
But we must not laugh at the ladies fact, and when the people asked what it only, for the other sex deserve a share meant—"Faith!” said she, " and it of our notice. Foppery is not confined was a little hairy beast that did it!” to any country. A young savage of the western woods, has often the ambition to figure as a gay fellow, SPANISH NAMES.—The love of long well as the New York or Boston dan- Christian names by the Spaniards has dy. He does not go to the tailor, to be frequently been a subject of ridicule. A made a man of, but he relies upon his Spaniard on his travel, arrived in the
He paints himself over with night at a little village in France, in clay, of various colors, mixed with bears' which there was but one hotel. As it grease. One side of his face is made was almost midnight, he knocked at the blue, and another yellow. On his breast door a long time without hearing any a serpent is figured; on his back, a buf- one stir. At length the host, putting his falo or a wolf. On his head he wears the head out of the chamber window, asked feathers of an eagle; around his neck, who was there. The Spaniard replied, the claws of the grisly bear; on his “Don Juan Pedro, Hernandez, Rodriguez, back is a bundle of scalps, and on his Alvarez de Villanova, Count de Malaarms the skin of a skunk. Over his fra, Cavellero de Santiago d'Alcantara.” shoulder is a buffalo-robe decorated with Mercy on me," said the host, as he a frill of quills, and ornamented with shut the window, "I have but two spare beads. Such is your dandy of savage beds, and you ask me lodging for a life.
drive him away.
Eagles, and some other Matters, and to call a man a dog, was to insult
with a very opprobrious epithet. The The eagle is considered the king of ancients also called the ass stupid, and birds, as the lion is called the king of a goose was the very emblem of folly. beasts. Now both the lion and eagle Now we should reflect a little upon are strong, and they readily sacrifice all these matters. The dog is a faithful other creatures to their own gluttonous creature, fond of his master, and choosing appetites. At the same time, they are to live with him, whether in wealth or both cowardly creatures. The lion is a poverty, rather than to live anywhere skulking beast, and steals upon his prey else. He prefers remaining in the humlike a thieving cat; and he readily Aies ble log-cabin, or poor cottage, with only from danger, except when hunger im- a bone to eat, provided his master and pels him to bold deeds. The eagle too, his friend is there, rather than to live in when his crop is well filled, is a lazy the lordly mansion upon sausages and creature, and at any time a much smaller beef steak, among strangers. The charbird may
acteristic of the dog, then, is attachment Now, the title of king was given to to his friend; and yet, in ancient days, the lion and the eagle, in ancient days, the people called the butchering lion and it shows what the people then noble, and the faithful dog mean. thought of kings. It is obvious that they And as to the ass, he is in fact one of supposed a king to be a powerful, but the most sagacious of all quadrupeds. selfish creature, sacrificing everybody to Old Æsop, who made fables, seems to himself, as do the lion and the eagle. have done justice to this long-eared, fourThey did not suppose it necessary for legged sage, for, he makes him say a the king to be noble, generous, and cour- vast many wise things. But not to inageous, for they would not, in that case, sist upon the ass's gift of speech, he is have given the title of king, to sly, thiev- not only an intelligent creature, but he ing, cowardly animals.
is patient, enduring, hard-working, temThe opinion of mankind, in early days, perate, and unoffending; at the same being that kings were like lions and ea- time he is more free from vice than algles, feeding and feasting upon others most any other quadruped, even though whom they could master, was no doubt he is often in the hands of persons who just; and, with few exceptions, this is a do not set good examples, and abuse true view of the character of kings, in him most shamefully. Now as this good all ages. They have ever cared much beast was called stupid by the ancients, for themselves, and very little for the it is fair to infer, that they considered people at large.
patience, temperance, diligence, and But there is one thing more to be re- freedom from vice, as mean. marked in respect to the characters given And now a word as to the goose. My to animals by the ancients. They called young readers may titter as much as the lion noble, because he was powerful; they please--for in spite of all their and for the same reason they called the mirth, I am going to stand up for this eagle the bird of Jove—thus making it poor, abused bird. The goose is not silly the associate of one of their gods! At --but, as compared with other birds, the same time that the ancients thus it is in fact wise. There is no creature gave such sounding titles to rapacious so watchful as a goose. In a wild state, and savage animals, they considered a when in danger of being shot down by dog as one of the meanest of quadrupeds, the huntsman, they set sentinels to keep
guard while the flock is feeding; and on stairs, and, marching in, gave a loud exhis giving notice of danger, they take clamation of joy, to the no small affright wing and fly away. In a domestic state, of the family! they give notice by their cackle of every “I am sorry in relating such traits of disturbance, and any noise that may my interesting and faithful friend Jachappen about the house at night. quot, when I reflect that it was myself
Geese are also very courageous in de- that first dissolved the pleasing connecfence of their young; and, beside this, tion; but it was necessary for me to they are capable of attachment, beyond separate him from me by force. Poor any other bird. The celebrated writer, Jacquot found himself as free in the best Buffon, tells a most interesting story of apartments as in his own; and after a goose, called Jacquot, that became several accidents of this kind, he was fond of him because he helped the poor shut up and I saw him no more. His fellow when he was beaten almost to inquietude lasted about a year, and he death by a rival gander. Every time died from vexation. He was become as Buffon came near, the grateful bird dry as a bit of wood, I am told; for I would sing out to him in the most cheer- would not see him; and his death was ful manner, and would run to him, and concealed from me for more than two put his head up to be patted.
months after the event. Were I to re“One day,” says Buffon, “having fol- count all the friendly incidents between lowed me as far as the ice-house at the me and poor Jacquot, I should not for top of the park, the spot where I must several days have done writing. He necessarily part with him in pursuing died in the third year of our friendship, my path to a wood at half a league dis- aged seven years and two months.” tance, I shut him in the park. He no This is a very pleasing story, and sets sooner saw himself separated from me, forth the goose as capable of attachment, than he vented strange cries. However, and, also, as gifted with much more inI went on my road; and had advanced telligence than most animals display. about a third of the distance, when the But I have another pleasant story for my noise of a heavy flight made me turn my readers. head; I saw my Jacquot only four paces At East Barnet, in Hertfordshire, from me. He followed me all the way, England, some years ago, a gentleman partly on foot, partly on wing; getting had a Canadian goose, which attached before me and stopping at the cross-paths itself in the most affectionate manner to which
the house dog, but never attempted to “Our journey lasted from ten o'clock enter his kennel, except in rainy weather. in the morning till eight in the evening; Whenever the dog barked, the goose set and my companion followed me through up a loud cackling, and ran at the perall the windings of the wood, without son she supposed the dog barked at, and seeming to be tired. After this he ate would bite at his heels. She was extended me everywhere, so as to become ceedingly anxious to be on the most troublesome; for I was not able to go to familiar terms with her canine friend, any place without his tracing my steps, and sometimes attempted to eat along so that one day he came to find me in with him, which, however, he would not the church! Another time, as he was suffer, nor indeed did he manifest the passing by the rector's window, he heard same friendship towards the goose, which me talking in the room; and, as he found it did towards him, treating it rather with the door open, he entered, climbed up indifference. This creature would never