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Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to wit:

BE IT REMEMBERED That on the eighteenth day of August, in the forty-fourth year of the independence of the United States of America, A D. 1819, Henry Parmele, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit:

"Key to the First Chart of the Masonic Mirror, being a Complete Pocket Companion for the use of the fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons. on the First Seven Degrees "

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "An act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned," And also to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary to an act, entitled "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints "

D CALDWELL,
Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

THE scarcity of Masonic books of a cheap and convenient form, for the use of Lodges, Chapters, and individual brethren, and the growing respectability and usefulness of our ancient Institution throughout North America, induce the publisher to believe that this appendage to his Masonic Mirror will be found a useful acquisition to the craft. Its size will render it a convenient pocket companion, while it contains all the important information, relative to the first seven degrees of Masonry, found in Webb, Preston, Hutchinson, Daicho, Phillips, Calcott, and the English and Ameri

can constitutions.

The second chart will be attended with a similar key, relative to all the degrees of knighthood, and all the ineffable and honorary degrees conferred on this side of the Atlantic, and will also exhibit the progress of Masonic history from the Christian cra to the present time.

The publisher avails himself, with pleasure, of this opportunity, of expressing his gratitude for the extensive patronage which his Mirror has already received; and he pledges himself to his patrons, to spare no trouble or expense in the fulfilment of his former promises in relation to his second chart, which will be published as soon as the engraving and printing can be executed.

THE PUBLISHER.

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8-5-44

CHAPTER I.

OF MASONRY IN GENERAL.

"MASONRY," says Mr. Sumner, "is MORAL LIGHT; and at whatever moment the first gleam of goodness brightened in the heart of man, masonry was born." Thus remote and thus honourable is the origin of our noble Institution. GOODNESS was her father, CHARITY her mother, and her study is the happiness of man. Masonry is both a SCIENCE and an ART. As a science, she studies the interest, and searches for the wants of suffering humanity, As an art, she cultivates those interests and relieves those wants. Even in the darkest ages of antiquity, when literature was a stranger to the world; and when virtue was rather lic of pristine innocence, than a cultivated plant in the terrestrial garden, Masonry disclosed her radiance in the chambers of the "EAST," and beamed with celestial lustre on the admiring world.

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As Masonry, like the rising sun, was at first seen illuminating a complete horizon, so, like him, she is still universal in the benign emanation of her genial beams Ber influence is restricted by no local boundaries of climate, sect, or country. By the sacred and inviolable signs which distinguish the fraternity, they are every where known to their intelligent, and discerning brethren. Thus they enjoy a universal language, and thus a decided advantage is given them over every other society that has studied the happiness of man.

By this language, which constitutes a bond of inseparable union, the distant Chinese, thejwandering Arab, tha slave of European despotism, and the son of Americae liberty, all assemble on a common and consecrtend ground, speaking the intelligible language of unity and

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