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ment by chapters and verses undoubtedly affords facilities for reference: but this advantage we have been able to retain by placing the numerals on the inside margin

(c) A few words will suffice as to the mode of printing quotations from the Poctical Books of the Old Testament. Wherever the quotation extends to two or more lincs, our practice has been to recognise the parallelism of their structure by arranging the lines in a manner that appears to agree with the metrical divisions of the Hebrew original. Such an arrangement will be found helpful to the reader; not only as directing his attention to the poetical character of the quotation, but as also tending to make its force and pertinence more fully felt. We have treated in the same way the hymns in the first two chapters of the Gospel according to St. Luke.

(d) Great care has been bestowed on the punctuation. Our practice has been to maintain what is sometimes called the heavier system of stopping, or, in other words, that system which, especially for convenience in reading aloud, suggests such pauses as will best ensure a clear and intelligent setting forth of the true meaning of the words. This course has rendered necessary, especially in the Epistles, a larger use of colons and semicolons than is customary in modern English printing.

(e) We may in the last place notice one particular to which we were not expressly directed to extend our revision, namely, the titles of the Books of the New Testament. These titles are no part of the original text; and the titles found in the most ancient manuscripts are of too short a form to be convenient for use. Under these circumstances, we have deemed it best to leave unchanged the titles which are given in the Authorised Version as printed in 1611.

We now conclude, humbly commending our labours to Almighty God, and praying that his favour and blessing may be vouchsafed to that which has been done in bis name.

We recognised from the first the responsi

bility of the undertaking; and through our manifold experience of its abounding difficulties we have felt more and more, as we went onward, that such a work can never be accomplished by organised efforts of scholarship and criticism, unless assisted by Divine help.

We know full well that defects must have their place in a work so long and so arduous as this which has now come to an end. Blemishes and imperfections there are in the noble Translation which we have been called upon to revise; blemishes and imperfections will assuredly be found in our own Revision. All endeavours to translate the Holy Scriptures into another tongue must fall short of their aim, when the obligation is imposed of producing a Version that shall be alike literal and idiomatic, faithful to each thought of the original, and yet, in the expression of it, harmonious and free. While we dare to hope that in places not a few of the New Testament the introduction of slight changes has cast a new light upon much that was difficult and obscure, we cannot forget how often we have failed in expressing some finer shade of meaning which we recognised in the original, how often idiom has stood in the way of a perfect rendering, and how often the attempt to preserve a familiar form of words, or even a familiar cadence, has only added another perplexity to those which already beset us.

Thus, in the review of the work which we have been permitted to complete, our closing words must be words of mingled thanksgiving, humility, and prayer. Of thanksgiving, for the many blessings vouchsafed to us throughout the unbroken progress of our corporate labours; of humility, for our failings and imperfections in the fulfilment of our task; and of prayer to Almighty God, that the Gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ may be more clearly and more freshly shewn forth to all who shall be readers of this Book.

JERUSALEM CHAMBER,
WESTMINSTER ABBEY.

11th November, 1880.

THE NAMES AND ORDER

OF ALL THE

BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

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S. MATTHEW
S. MARK
S. LUKE
S. JOHN.
THE ACTS.
TO THE ROMANS
I. CORINTHIANS
II. CORINTHIANS
TO THE GALATIANS .
TO THE EPHESIANS .
TO THE PHILIPPIANS
TO THE COLOSSIANS .
I. THESSALONIANS
II. THESSALONIANS

I. TIMOTHY
II. TIMOTHY
To TITUS
To PHILEMON
TO THE HEBREWS
JAMES
I. PETER
II. PETER
I. JOHN.
II. JOHN.
III. JOHN
JUDE.
REVELATION

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LIST OF READINGS AND RENDERINGS REFERRING TO GEN

ERAL PASSAGES PREFERRED BY THE AMERICAN ComMITTEE, RECORDED AT THEIR DESIRE. (See Preface,

page xii).

(The special readings and renderings are given in foot-notes.) I. Strike out “S." (i. e. Saint) from the title of the Gospels and from the

heading of the pages. II. Strike out “the Apostle" from the title of the Pauline Epistles, and "of

Paul the Apostle" from the title of the Epistle to the Hebrews; striko out the word “General” from the title of the Epistles of James, Peter, 1 John, and Jude; and let the title of the Revelation run “The Revela

tion of John." III. For "Holy Ghost" adopt uniformly the rendering “Holy Spirit.” IV. At the word "worship” in Matt. ii. 2, etc., add the marginal note “Tho

Greek word denotes an act of reverence, whether paid to man (seo

chap. xviii. 26) or to God (see chap. iv. 10).” V. Put into the text uniformly the marginal rendering “through” in place

of" by" when it relates to prophecy, viz. in Matt. ii. 5, 17, 23; iii. 3; iv. 14 ; viii. 17 ; xii. 17 ; xiii. 35 ; xxi. 4 ; xxiv. 15 ; xxvii. 9; Luke

xviii. 31 ; Acts ii. 16 ; xxviii. 25. VI. For “tempt” (“temptation”) substituto “try” or “make trial of"

("trial”) wherever enticement to what is wrong is not evidently spoken of; viz. in the following instances : Dlatt. iv. 7 ; xvi. 1 ; xix. 3; xxii. 18, 35; Mark viii. 11 ; X. 2 ; xii. 15; Luke iv. 12 ; x. 25 ; xi. 16; xxii. 28; John viii. 6; Acts v. 9; xv. 10; 1 Cor. x. 9; Heb. iii.

8, 9; 1 Pet. i. 6. VII. Substitute modern forms of speech for the following archaisms, viz.

"who" or “that” for “which” when used of persons; are" for “be” in the present indicative ; “know" "knewfor “wot

“wist”; "drag" or "drag away" for “hale." VIII. Substitute for "devil” (“devils") the word “demon" ("demons”)

wherever the latter word is given in the margin (or represents thó Greek words daiuw daquóvrov); and for “possessed with a devil” (or “devils”) substitute either “demoniac” or “possessed with a de

mon” (or“ demons”). IX. After“ baptize" let the marg. “Or, in" and the text "with” exchange

places. X. Let the word " testament " be everywhere changed to "covenant”

(without an alternate in the margin), except in Heb. ix. 15–17. XI. Wherever “patience" occurs as the rendering of únomový add "stedfast.

ness” as an alternate in the margin, except in 2 Cor. i. 6; James v.

11; Luke viii. 15; Heb. xii. 1. XII. Let úgoápov (Matt. x. 29 ; Luke xii. 6) be translated "penny,” and dnvápcov shilling,” except in Matt. xxii

. 19 ; Mark xii. 15; Luke xx. 24, where the name of the coin, "a denarius," should be given. XIII. Against the expression “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ "

add the marginal rendering “Or, God and the Father" etc.; viz. in Rom. xv. 6 ; 2 Cor. i. 3 ; xi. 31 ; Eph. i. 3 ; Col. i. 3; 1 Pet. i. 3. And against the expression “our God and Father” add the marg. “Or, God and our Father "; viz. in Gal. i. 4; Phil. iv. 20; 1 Thess. i. 3; iii. 11, 13; James i. 27. And against the expression “his God and Fa

ther” add the marg. “Or, God and his Father,viz. in Rev. i. 6. XIV. Let the use of " fulfil" be confined to those cases in which it denotes

“accomplish," “bring to pass," or the like.

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